answersLogoWhite

Eastern Orthodoxy

A Christian Faith that believes in Jesus Christ as both Son of God and God, and in the Seven Ecumenical Councils of the Church. God is defined as the Holy Trinity, which is One God in Three Persons (God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit). The statement of the Orthodox Christian faith is the Nicene Creed.

2,233 Questions
Christianity
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy

Jesus acts in us and gives us divine life in?

The Holy Eucharist.

717273
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Greek Orthodoxy

What was a disagreement between the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church?

It had to do with the Nicene Creed: It originally said that the Holy Spirit "Proceeds from the Father," but, in the 10'Th Century, the Pope added "and the Son." The Orthodox Patriarchs did not believe that the Pope was within his right to do that, so they excommunicated him. The Pope in turn, excommunicated the Orthodox Patriarchs, for not acknowledging his Supremacy, as the Successor of St. Peter the Apostle.

678
Eastern Orthodoxy

What is an orthodox?

To be orthodox means to conform to the established doctrine, particularly in religion. Orthodox Jews keep to their understanding of the old way without allowing innovation. Orthodox Christians keep to the old way without adopting the innovations of the western Catholic church (like traslating the scriptures into Latin).

123
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Northern Ireland

How many Catholic cardinals are there in the world?

The number of cardinals varies as older cardinals pass away or new cardinals are appointed. There are currently about 180 cardinals world wide but only 120 of those are eligible to participate in a papal conclave to elect a new pope. Once a man reaches 80 years of age he remains a cardinal but is unable to vote. The pope usually will appoint new cardinals to fill the positions held when a cardinal retires or dies so as to keep the number of electors about 120.

343344345
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy

What were two issues that divided the Eastern and Western Churches?

Roman Catholic AnswerThere are several issues that are commonly referred to such as the use of leavened bread for the Eucharist, or the Filoque clause in the creed; but, truly, the issues were mostly political, and to this day have not been worked out.

from

A Catholic Dictionary, edited by Donald Attwater, Second edition, revised 1957

The Schism of the East

the estrangement and severance from the Holy See of what is now called the Orthodox Eastern Church was a gradual process extending over centuries. After a number of minor schisms the first serious, though short, break was that of Photius; from then on tension between East and West increased, and the schism of Cerularius occurred in 1054. From then on the breach gradually widened and has been definitive since 1472. There was a formal union from the 2nd Council of Lyons in 1274 until 1282, and a more promising one after the Council of Florence from 1439 to 1472. After the capture of Constantinople it was in the Turkish interest to reopen and widen the breach with the powerful Roman church; the patriarchates of Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem were dragged into this policy, Russia and the Slav churches stood out the longest of any: none of these churches, except Constantinople itself in 1472, formally and definitely broke away from the unity of the Church. But in the course of centuries the schism has set and crystallized into a definite separation from the Holy See of many million people with a true priesthood and valid sacraments. The origins, causes and development of the schism are matters of much complication, still not fully unraveled.

123
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Medieval Religion

Which term is used to describe the split in Christianity that resulted in the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church?

The split that resulted in the Orthodox leaving the Church is know as the Schism of the East:


FromA Catholic Dictionary, edited by Donald Attwater, Second edition, revised 1957


The Schism of the East the estrangement and severance from the Holy See of what is now called the Orthodox Eastern Church was a gradual process extending over centuries. After a number of minor schisms the first serious, though short, break was that of Photius; from then on tension between East and West increased, and the schism of Cerularius occurred in 1054. From then on the breach gradually widened and has been definitive since 1472. There was a formal union from the 2nd Council of Lyons in 1274 until 1282, and a more promising one after the Council of Florence from 1439 to 1472. After the capture of Constantinople it was in the Turkish interest to reopen and widen the breach with the powerful Roman church; the patriarchates of Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem were dragged into this policy, Russia and the Slav churches stood out the longest of any: none of these churches, except Constantinople itself in 1472, formally and definitely broke away from the unity of the Church. But in the course of centuries the schism has set and crystallized into a definite separation from the Holy See of many million people with a true priesthood and valid sacraments. The origins, causes and development of the schism are matters of much complication, still not fully unraveled.


from Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, S.J. Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980


Separation of the Christian Churches of the East from unity with Rome. The schism was centuries in the making and finally became fixed in 1054, when the Patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularisu (died 1059), was excommunicated by the papal legates for opposing the use of leavened bread by the Latin Church and removing the Pope’s name from the diptychs or list of persons to be prayed for in the Eucharistic liturgy. A temporary reunion with Rome was effected by the Second Council of Lyons (1274) and the Council of Florence (1439) but never stabilized.

456
Eastern Orthodoxy
Saints

Where did Saint Anne grow up?

Anne probably grew up in Nazareth.

001
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Similarities Between

What event started the schism between the Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church?

The Pope added "and the Son" to the Nicene Creed, in regards to the Holy Spirit. It originally said that "the Holy Spirit Proceeded from the Father." The Orthodox Patriarchs did not believe that the Pope had the right to do this, so there was a huge dispute over it.

001
Christianity
Islam
Eastern Orthodoxy
Interfaith Marriage

Can a Christian Orthodox man marry a Muslim woman?

He can if he wants or vise versa but don't expect that you won't get in any fights. If it's true love go for it, but for me (a dude) that wouldn't be the best choice. Go for someone with a little similar religion, like catholic, and christian. For me I wouldn't do anything more different than Jewish, christian, or Jewish catholic, but that is TOTALLY up to you

001
Religion & Spirituality
Christianity
Eastern Orthodoxy

How many different kinds of christianty?

There are over 33,000 "Christian denominations" in 238 total countries. These 33,000 are subdivided into cultural mega-blocs.

001
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy

The Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church split apart in the year when their leaders excommunicated each other.?

Yes. It is the Great Schism of 1054. Excommunication means that the excommunicant is barred from the sacraments of the Church, and through transitivity, the mysteries of the Church itself. Thus, the Roman Church is out of communion with the Orthodox Church, and vice-versa.

234
Christianity
Eastern Orthodoxy
Philippines Statistical Information and Demographics

How is Christianity practiced today?

It depends upon each denomination within Christianity.

001
Popes
Eastern Orthodoxy

Who is the present Pope of Orthodox Church?

The various Orthodox Churches have patriarchs, not popes. The Coptic Church of Egypt has a patriarch who they call a pope - Pope Tawadros II (as of 2013).

001
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Greek Orthodoxy

What caused the Christian church to divide into two branchesthe Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church?

It is said that the main cause is Great Schism of 1054.

Roman Catholic AnswerThe Schism you are referring to is the Schism of the East, a long and complicated piece of history. The Great Schism refers to the Western Schism when there were more than one claimants to the throne of Peter.

from A Catholic Dictionary, edited by Donald Attwater, Second edition, revised 1957

The Schism of the East the estrangement and severance from the Holy See of what is now called the Orthodox Eastern Church was a gradual process extending over centuries. After a number of minor schisms the first serious, though short, break was that of Photius; from then on tension between East and West increased, and the schism of Cerularius occurred in 1054. From then on the breach gradually widened and has been definitive since 1472. There was a formal union from the 2nd Council of Lyons in 1274 until 1282, and a more promising one after the Council of Florence from 1439 to 1472. After the capture of Constantinople it was in the Turkish interest to reopen and widen the breach with the powerful Roman church; the patriarchates of Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem were dragged into this policy, Russia and the Slav churches stood out the longest of any: none of these churches, except Constantinople itself in 1472, formally and definitely broke away from the unity of the Church. But in the course of centuries the schism has set and crystallized into a definite separation from the Holy See of many million people with a true priesthood and valid sacraments. The origins, causes and development of the schism are matters of much complication, still not fully unraveled.

from Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, S.J. Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980

Separation of the Christian Churches of the East from unity with Rome. The schism was centuries in the making and finally became fixed in 1054, when the Patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularisu (died 1059), was excommunicated by the papal legates for opposing the use of leavened bread by the Latin Church and removing the Pope's name form the diptychs or list of persons to be prayed for in the Eucharistic liturgy. A temporary reunion with Rome was effected by the Second Council of Lyons (1274) and the Council of Florence (1439) but never stabilized

001
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Priests

Can I date my priest?

It depends upon the denomination of the church. Roman Catholic priests are exclusively male and are not allowed personal relationships with women as they vow celibacy at their ordination. However, other denominations (such as Anglican and Episcopalian, and Methodists) all allow their priests and ministers (male and female) to marry and therefore, unless there is another reason why not (e.g. he or she is already dating or is married!!) it would be well within the 'rules' to date if he or she agrees.

567
Eastern Orthodoxy
Popes
Byzantine Empire

Did Although the pope claimed that he was head of all Christian churches Byzantines thought other bishops were equal to the pope?

The correct answer to the question would be true and I know this because I did take the pre-test.

012
Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Greek Orthodoxy

Who lead the eastern orthodox church and who lead the roman Catholic church?

The Roman Catholic Church

The Catholic Church is ultimately led by the Pope, who is the Bishop of Rome. The current Pope is Pope Benedict XVI. The hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church is there are parishes led by a pastor who is a normal priest, then bishops govern diocese which are comprised of many parishes (archbishops slightly outrank bishops and they govern either a large metropolitan area like New York or a regionally important diocese) and the Pope is considered the Supreme Pontiff. The Pope has the ability to make declarations which are infallible in the Catholic Church.

There are also different rites within the Catholic Church which have different hierarchies. Generally these rites are headed by Patriarchs who guide their rite but are not considered the frankly supreme leader as the Pope is to the Catholic Church, and they have bishops that govern their own members. The Patriarchs are considered generally autonomous but they must acknowledge the supremacy of the Pope.

The Eastern Orthodox Church

The Orthodox Church is comprised of many different churches all in communion with each other, such as the Greek Orthodox, the Russian Orthodox, the Syro-Malabar Orthodox and numerous more. Each church is lead by a synod, or council, of bishops who govern the church. The "first among equals" of the church is the Patriarch who governs from a traditional See, for instance the Greek Orthodox patriarch is the Patriarch of Constantinople. Although the different typica, or customs and cultural practices, are different in each church they believe their theological basics are the same and therefore they do not conflict. A Patriarch is not comparable to the Pope as the head of their church as they do not issue infallible decrees and it is believed that all the bishops have an equal say in the declaration of the will of God.

123
Eastern Orthodoxy

When was the orthodox chuch founded?

As it is today, the Orthodox Church was established in 1054 at the Great Schism, when East and West separated and formed the Eastern Orthodox faith and the Roman Catholic faith, thereby dividing Christendom into two.

001
Christianity
Ghosts
Eastern Orthodoxy

Do Eastern Orthodox Christians believe in ghosts?

There is very little that is "dogma", or that which is required to believe or follow, in the Eastern Orthodox Church. While the Church Fathers and the history of the Church does offer personal opinions of certain very holy people on the subject of "ghosts", the Church cannot ex-communicate someone for simply "believing in them" , as an example.

The Eastern Orthodox Church is very fluid about what it considers necessary, or absolute in terms of belief. A person is free to "believe" in ghosts, that is to say, to believe that they exist. It is much harder to quantify what the Church actually teaches as necessary practice, regarding them.

I am an Orthodox Christian of many, many years. I am also a former occultist, and in my former life, I was trained as an empathic medium. That kind of training doesn't disappear simply because I converted to Eastern Orthodoxy. Nor does my experience with spirits disappear, simply because of my conversion.

As an Orthodox Christian I feel it is my duty to say, that although people certainly shouldn't run around seeking out ghosts, or other spiritual experiences, it is also true that "ghosts" that is the spirits of the departed, certainly DO exist and sometimes interact with the living. Denying this, doesn't make it "fantasy" or "demonic".

While all the usual caveats do apply (as in the first answer given, which frankly reads like a very Protestant answer), I think it is very important to point out that the Eastern Orthodox church does not believe in "purgatory" (a Roman Catholic belief), and neither does it believe in "soul sleep" (as do many Protestants). Therefore, the souls of the departed must exist somewhere within God's universe, and as an Orthodox Christian, I see no theological reason why they could not conceivably exist within the the boundaries of earthly existence, experiencing the "particular judgment" while awaiting the Final Judgment.

With regard to the dead, it is very important that we pray for them, and since the Church teaches that the dead do hear and experience our prayers, it is a bit illogical for the Church to then turn around and say that they are not somehow, "here". That kind of logic is simply not tenable and ghosts either exist, or they don't.

As for myself, I believe that they do, and I also believe that we must pray for them, that thier souls may be saved, and that they find peace, wherever it is that God allows them to be.

305306307
History of Europe
Eastern Orthodoxy
Byzantine Empire

What was the relationship between the Eastern Orthodox church and the government of the Byzantine Empire?

They worked well together in a spirit of 'symphonia' which means co-operation or agreement. Church and State were separate, but they worked closely together. The Emperor was the Head of State, but also convened the Ecumenical Church Councils. The Patriarch was the spiritual Head of the Church, but could excommunicate the Emperor. There were similar 'checks and balances' which resulted in the system working well for over 1,000 years, from 330 AD to 1453 AD.

123
Eastern Orthodoxy

Is Elaine an Orthodox saint name?

Elaine is indeed an Orthodox saint's name, as it is derived from the name Helen. St. Helen was the mother of St. Constantine the Great. Together, the two of them "discovered" the one true Cross upon which our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ was crucified. In fact, in their search for the foundations of the Christian faith, the mother and son duo came upon all three crosses from that historic day that were buried upon the hilltop of Golgotha. As a result, they were unsure as to which was the Cross belonging to Christ. One tradition of the story tells that a sweet-smelling herb began to grow at the foot of the one Cross. No one knew what the herb was, so they named it basil, which means "king", in honour of The Lord Himself.

Quoted from OrthodoxWiki, the information regarding the empress and holy saint is stated: "According to a number of early writers, the Empress Helen, (c.255-c.330 AD), mother of Constantine, the first Christian emperor of Rome, at a date after 312 AD when Christianity was legalized throughout the Empire, traveled to the Holy Land, founding churches and establishing relief agencies for the poor. It was at this time that she discovered the hiding place of three crosses used at the crucifixion of Jesus and the two thieves that were executed with him. By a miracle it was revealed which of the three was the True Cross"

Sts. Constantine and Helen are annually commemorated on May 21.

789
Eastern Orthodoxy

Why was Patriarch Michael Cerularius excommunicated?

Pope Leo IX excommunicated Patriarch Michael Cerularius of Constantinople, who, in turn, excommunicated Pope Leo in 1054 AD. This was caused because of disagreements over the unauthorized changes made by Pope Leo to the Nicene Creed (by adding the "Filioque clause"). The Orthodox Church maintains that Holy Spirit "proceeds from the Father alone, whereas the Roman Catholics claimed that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father "and the Son" which goes against the Bible. "The Bible states that ...the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father..." (John 15:26).

However, both of these excommunications were mutually removed in 1965 by Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras I.

123

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.