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Flag of Australia

The Australian flag consists of the Union Flag in the upper left corner with the Commonwealth Star beneath it. To the right of that are stars representing the Southern Cross constellation. This design was adopted in 1903. Questions about the Australian flag can be directed here.

1,313 Questions

What do the colors on the Australian flag mean?

The stars on the flag depict the Southern Cross. Stars appear white in the sky, so on the flag they are white.

The Union Jack was placed there because Australia was a colony of England. The Union Jack's colors were predefined. The flags of Australia, New Zealand and some other countries are based on the Blue Ensign. Dark blue was the colour of the British blue ensign, which was used in colonial times for the flags of most colonies and south of the equator. New Zealand's flag is also based on the blue ensign.

See the related questions for the history of the Union Jack and Blue Ensign.

What is the history and background of the English flag?

The English Flag (i.e. the red cross on a white background) is the cross of St. George and probably originates from when England became England sometime after the invasion of Vikings, Danes, Angles etc. It is supposed to be the signal of the patron saint that he carried in battle. This is the same as the Scottish and original Welsh flag.

The British flag or Union Jack, is a combination of the three, English, Scottish and Irish. The Welsh flag is part of this union of countries, but it was not ruled like these countries were so it was not included in the Union Jack flag.

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The Scottish flag, the white cross on a blue field, is St. Andrew's cross. That's where the blue comes from in the British flag. (which isn't the answer to the question see paragraph 1 above).

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The traditionnal flag of England was the Norman golden leopards on the red ground, "de gueules � trois l�opards d'or". During the crusades, beginning in 1095,European knights had a common cross but in different colours:

French had the red cross English had the white one German had the black one...

However when French army enlisted Swiss mercenaries during XV� century, wearing a white cross on a red ground, English adopted red cross on a white ground to avoid confusion. This was during the last part of the Hundred Years War, during the reigns of Charles VI of France and Henry V of England.

Here is I read in a book at the library. Philippe

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The Union Jack - (Only called this when flown on a ship)

The flag of the United Kingdom, the Union Jack, is a superposition of the flags of Saint George (for England), Saint Andrew (for Scotland) and Saint Patrick (for Ireland). The creation of the original Union Flag started in 1603 when James VI of Scotland also became James I of England and on April 12, 1606 the first 'Union Flag' was created. It was a superposition of the red cross of St George of England and the saltire of St Andrew of Scotland. The Welsh flag never became part of the Union Flag, as Wales had been annexed by Edward I of England much earlier on and so was considered part of the kingdom of England.

The above answer is essentially correct - but in reality desrcibes the Flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Norhern Ireland, which is a constituational state of different nations.

The English National Flag

The English Flag of the English nation is the blood red cross of St George on a White background. It forms the central cross of the Union Jack described above. It is the flag of the English Patron saint and christian martyr St George. A very good book to read on this subject is St George by Giles Morgan Special:Booksources

The Flag of the Ethnic English People

Many English claim that the original flag of the Ethnic English going way back to Anglo-Saxon times is the White Dragon Flag - which probably would have been a wind sock type standard carried in battles. See http://www.englandandenglishhistory.com/English-white-dragon/default.aspx for an outline of the flag and its origins.

Use of St George's Cross as the English Banner:

The original English flag consisted of the English Royal Banner of three golden lions (or leopards) on a red background. However, St George began to become prominent in Edward I's rule and came to the fore under King Edward III as one of his saints. It was Edward III who began the habit of flying the banner of St. George in battle. Sometimes hundreds of banners would be flown in battle for the English to rally round (as well as their own lord's banners and of course, the English Royal Banner).

As the Hundred Years War progressed the banner of St. George became more important especially after English victories and was soon adpoted as the de facto national flag for English troops and eventually the nation as a whole as common folk had no right to their own banner like the magnates of the land.

What does F.O.F. stand for in piping design?

Face Of Flange A flange has either of the two types of faces: 1. Raised face 2. Flat face The F.O.F is used to know the accurate dimension of the flange in order to avoid the minute errors in measurement in case of vertical or horzontal pipe lines
Face of Flange

How many stars are on the Australian flag?

The Australian flag has six stars on it.

The group of five stars forms the constellation of the Southern Cross, a valuable navigation aid to early sailors travelling through the southern hemisphere.

There is a sixth star, known as the Federation or Commonwealth star. It has seven points, with six of the points representing the six states of Australia, and the seventh representing Australia's two mainland territories as well as its numerous external (offshore) territories.

What does the large seven pointed star represent on the Australian flag?

Sourced from The Australian National Flag Association:

The Commonwealth or Federation Star represents the federation of all lands and people in the nation. The points on the star represent the unity of the six States, with a seventh point representing the federal Territories. The star as a whole represents Australia's bright aims for the future. It is known as the Commonwealth Star.

Who designed the Australian flag?

The design of the Australian flag came about following Federation of the Australian states on 1 January 1901. On 29 April 1901, the new Commonwealth Government announced a Federal Flag design competition which attracted over 30,000 entries. The idea for the competition was initiated by Melbourne journal Review for Australiasia in 1900. The competition rules stipulated that the flag would need to feature a British Ensign with a badge representative of Australia.

Five almost identical entries were selected to share the prize, and there were two designs selected: two designs were announced as the competition winners - a blue flag which would be used by the government, and an identical design on a red background, to be used by merchant ships.

The five entries came from Ivor Evans, a fourteen-year-old schoolboy from Melbourne; Leslie John Hawkins, a Sydney teenager who was apprenticed to an optician; Melbourne architect Egbert John Nuttall; Annie Dorrington, an artist from Perth; and ship's officer William Stevens who was from Auckland, New Zealand.

The flag was slightly modified by the British Admiralty in 1903, with the stars of the Southern Cross being simplified. In 1908, the Australian Government increased the number of points on the Commonwealth star from six to seven points, with the seventh point representing Australia's mainland and offshore territories.

What do the stars and the Union Jack on the Australian flag symbolise?

The Union Jack in the upper left quadrant of the Australian flag is an historical reminder that Australia was settled by the British. It represents Australia's relationship with Britain as a member of the Commonwealth and also as the parent nation. The Union Jack is a combination of the flags of the United Kingdom - England (St. George's cross), Scotland (St. Andrew's cross) and Ireland (St. Patrick's cross).

The group of five stars on the right hand side form the constellation of the Southern Cross, a valuable navigation aid to early sailors travelling through the southern hemisphere, and an unofficial symbol of Australia, the southern continent. It is visible and distinctive in Australia and other parts of the Southern Hemisphere, so it relates to Australia's geographic position.

The sixth star, situated below the Union Jack, is known as the Federation star or Commonwealth star. It has seven points, with six of the points representing the six states of Australia, and the seventh representing Australia's two mainland territories as well as its numerous external (offshore) territories.

Why do many countries establish embassies or high commissions in Australia and what are the reciprocal benefits?

Why_do_many_countries_establish_embassies_or_high_commissions_in_Australia_and_what_are_the_reciprocal_benefits

What do the stars and union flag on the Australian flag represent?

== == == == == == The smaller stars represent the constellation called the Southern Cross, visible and distinctive in Australia and other parts of the Southern Hemisphere, so it relates to Australia's geographic position.

The large star represents the federation of all the Australian states and territories. There are seven points on the large star - one for each state and also one for the territories (Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory). It is referred to as the Star of Federation or the Commonwealth Star.

The Union Jack symbolizes Australia's relationship with Britain as a member of the Commonwealth and also as the parent nation. The British first colonized Australia in 1788 when they established a penal colony at Port Jackson.

Why is there a bird on the South Australian flag?

== == == == The bird is the 'Piping Shrike' or White-Backed Magpie. It is very common in South Australia, and most people are familiar with it. Its song is a particularly beautiful fluting carol, especially when they sing, as they do, on a moonlit night. The birds vigorously defend their nest, causing a real problem to animals and humans in some areas in late winter and spring. For all these reasons, the bird was chosen to be the official government symbol and first appeared on the flag in 1901 against the background of the rising Commonwealth sun and was officially gazetted in 1904.

Edward Madden Lyricist is Australian?

edward madden was an American songwriter born in New York in 1878 and died in California in 1952

Who is eligible to stay at Union Jack Club?

Staying at UJCf2khdServing Servicemen--Ex-sevicemen--Emergency service personell- visiting foreign servicemen. Proof of status required.

Why should we not change the Australian flag?

We should not change the Australian flag because it has a meaning and is part of Australia. If it is changed then you are changing history because that's how it became.

Why is Australia's flag designed the way it is?

The design of the Australian flag came about following Federation of the Australian states on 1 January 1901. On 29 April 1901, the new Commonwealth Government announced a Federal Flag design competition which attracted over 30,000 entries. The idea for the competition was initiated by Melbourne journal Review for Australiasia in 1900.

Five almost identical entries were selected to share the prize, and there were two designs selected: two designs were announced as the competition winners - a blue flag which would be used by the government, and an identical design on a red background, to be used by merchant ships.

The five entries came from Ivor Evans, a fourteen-year-old schoolboy from Melbourne; Leslie John Hawkins, a Sydney teenager who was apprenticed to an optician; Melbourne architect Egbert John Nuttall; Annie Dorrington, an artist from Perth; and ship's officer William Stevens who was from Auckland, New Zealand.

On 3 September 1901, the new Australian flag flew for the first time from the top of the Exhibition Building in Melbourne. The flag was slightly modified by the British Admiralty in 1903, with the stars of the Southern Cross being simplified, and the design was approved by King Edward VII in 1902. In 1908, the Australian Government increased the number of points on the Commonwealth star from six to seven points, with the seventh point representing Australia's mainland and offshore territories.

How long has the Australian flag been around?

Since September the third 1901:-)

September 3rd is now Australian National Flag day.

However, Its not a public holiday.

We used to use British flags before a competiton was made to design a flag.

Where was the Australian flag designed?

The design of the Australian flag came about as a result of a competition in which five almost identical entries were selected.

The winning entries belonged to individuals from the Australian cities of Melbourne, Sydney, Perth and Auckland, New Zealand.

How did Australia get its flag?

Well ya gotta understand what all of the symbols mean to understand our flag. What "On the Wallaby" said is a great history of our flag but I don't think she made it clear what the Commonwealth Star or the Southern Cross is. The Commonwealth Star is the big star on the flag, under the union jack. Each point on the star represents one of six states, with a seventh point added on to represent the territories. The Southern Cross is a constellation that can always be seen from Australia. So there you go.

Why do countries establish high commission in Australia?

A High Commission is just another name for an embassy. Embassies of nations that are members of the Commonwealth of Nations are referred to as High Commissions. For example the embassy of India in Australia is referred to as the Indian High Commission. Likewise the Australian embassy in India would be called the Australian High Commission. Also in between commonwealth nations and Ambassador is called a High Commissioner.

What is the oldest country in the world?

The oldest country in the world is Iran (formerly Persia, formerly Mesopotamia), established c. 3200 BCE. Egypt is also one of the older countries; it's pre-dynastic period dates to c. 3100 BCE.

The oldest country in the world is San Marino. True some other countries can trace back to earlier times, but San Marino was the first country to have established their borders and have them unchanged. It became a country in 301 AD after gaining independence from the Roman Empire.

What flags make up the Australian flag?

The Australian flag was chosen in 1901, and was picked from entries from a worldwide flag design competition. The flag of Australia was approved by British and Australian authorities over the space of a few years, and after several changes, the design specifications of the flag were set in 1934 and it was officially recognised as the Australian National Flag in 1954.

The flag is dominantly blue, with a Union Jack in the top right corner, and several white stars, representing the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross constellation.

Source: Harrison Flags

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