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Grammaire Francaise

Here we find questions about the grammatical rules that govern French expressions and sentences. Typically, contributors ask about verb tenses, stems and roots of words, spelling, pronunciation, and agreement of adjectives and nouns in gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural).

4,338 Questions
French to English
Grammaire Francaise

Is the French word 'bas' feminine or masculine?

Bas in French is masculine as a noun for "bottom" or "stocking" or as an adjective for "low" even though it has no gender as an adverb for "down" or "downstairs."

French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

Is the word 'fromage' feminine or masculine?

"fromage" is masculine : un fromage, le fromage, du fromage.

French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

What are the three parts of the french verb Avoir?

actually there are 6 parts

j'ai

tu as

il/elle/on a

nous avons

vous avez

ils/elles ont

French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

What is passe compose for travailler?

j'ai travaillé.

Passé composé is constructed with one of the two auxiliary verbs, avoir or être, at the present tense followed by the verb at the participe passé form (travailler becomes "travaillé"). As a general rule, use avoir as your facilitator verb, and use être only for verbs that directly affect the subject of the sentence.

for example: perdre (to lose)

I lost my book: J'ai perdu mon livre (use avoir because it is the book that was lost)

I lost my way (same meaning as I lost myself): Je me suisperdu (use être because it's the subject of the sentence that got lost)

French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

Is the word 'comedie' in french masculine or feminine?

Feminine

English to French
Grammaire Francaise

How do you conjugate the adverb public in french?

Conjugation is just for verbs, and 'public' is either a noun or an adjective in French.

Regarding the different spellings, the noun can take an 's' as a plural mark.

The adjective is spelled 'public / publics' in the masculine (singular / plural), or 'publique / publiques' in the feminine.

French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

Is the word sauce masculine or feminine?

"la sauce" is a feminine noun.

English to French
Grammaire Francaise

Is the word 'captain' in its French translation feminine or masculine in gender?

capitaine can be used in both masculine (un capitaine) and feminine forms (une capitaine) in French.

English to French
Plural Nouns
Grammaire Francaise

How do you spell the plural of the French phrase 'maรฎtre d'?

In English, the term maitre d' (restaurant floor manager) has the regular plural maitre d's.

The French is "des maîtres d'hôtel" (no plural mark for 'hôtel')

Grammaire Francaise

How do you form the imperative for French verbs?

The imperative is formed by taking the form of the present of the indicative, and removing the pronoun "tu", "vous" or "nous" ("you" singular, "you" plural or "we")

Present:

Tu viens - Vous venez - Nous venons ---> Viens ! Venez ! Venons !

Tu donnes - Vous donnez - Nous donnons ---> Donne ! Donnez ! Donnons !

Tu prends - Vous prenez - Nous prenons ---> Prends ! Prenez ! Prenons !

Difficulty: for first group verbs (the 'er' verbs), take out the final 's' of the 'tu' form.

I.e.: present 'Tu aimes' > imperative 'Aime !'

Same rule for the following verbs : ouvrir, offrir, souffrir, cueillir, aller et savoir.

Except if it is followed by the pronoun or adverb 'en' or 'y', for spelling reasons, you add the "s" for the "tu" form.

Example :

Va te coucher ! (Go to bed!) but Vas-y ! (Go!)

Cueille des fleurs ! (Pick some flowers!) but Cueilles-en ! (Pick some!)

Precision: Some verbs have specific forms for the imperative, such as:

Assoir - Tu t'assoies ---> Assieds-toi !

Both forms exist for the present but the usage is to use the "Tu t'assoies" form for the present and "Assieds-toi" for the imperative.

Tu t'assieds is used when the order is implied (a kind of informal imperative) : Tu t'assieds et tu te tais ! (You sit down and you shut up!).

When in doubt, search online for "conjugaison du verbe " + [verb]. See link.

Verbs
French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

How do you conjugate the French verb 'pouvoir'?

Pouvoir (can/may)

Je peux - I can
Tu peux - You can (informal)
Il/Elle peut - He/She can
Nous pouvons/On peut - We can
Vous pouvez - You can (formal or plural)
Ils/Elles peuvent - They can

For example,
Est-ce que je peux promener le chien? means "May I walk the dog?"
Nous pouvons aller au parc s'il vous plaît? means "May we please go to the park?"

One should also note that when using inversion in the first person, peux becomes puis,so:

Puis-je sortir ce soir?but Est-ce que je peux sortir ce soir? both meaning "Can I go out tonight?"


English to French
Grammaire Francaise

Is the French word 'gratitude' feminine or masculine?

It is "la gratitude" (fem.)

French to English
Grammaire Francaise

Is the French word 'cours' feminine or masculine?

Cours in French is feminine when it is the plural of cour ("court of justice," "courtship," "courtyard"), masculine when it is a synonym for "(school) class," and neither when it is part of the conjugation of the verb courir ("to run").

Questions en Francais
French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

C'est quoi un courant de convection?

C'est un courant dans un fluide (eau, air) : comme un courant marin, ou un courant d'air. Il est causé par des différences de températures (ex: l'air chaud monte).

English to French
Grammaire Francaise

What is the feminine equivalent of the French word 'sanglier'?

The she-boar is called 'laie' in French.

English to French
Grammaire Francaise
The Difference Between

What is the difference between the French words 'ami' and 'amie'?

"un ami" is a male friend, "une amie" is a female friend.

English to French
Grammaire Francaise

Is 'photo' feminine or masculine in French?

La photo ("the photo") is feminine in French.

Lebanon
Questions en Francais
French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise
Postal Codes

Quel est le code postal de Beyrouth au Liban?

+961

Grammaire Francaise

Is the French word sportive masculine or feminine?

The French word 'sportive' is a feminine word. The masculine is 'sportif'

English to French
Grammaire Francaise

What do you do to make adjectives agree in French?

the bottom line is that they have to agree with the thing they describe. Add a "s" as a mark of plural when the things are more than one, put it in the correct gender when the subject changes from masculine to feminine or vice-versa.

le mur est bleu - le mur est vert

les murs sont bleus - les murs sont verts

la fleur est bleue

les fleurs sont bleues

French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

Is the french word Regime masculine or feminine?

Masculine: un régime.

English to French
Grammaire Francaise

Is the French word for eagle masculine or feminine?

The eagle is "l'aigle", an eagle is "un aigle", which is masculine in French.

France in WW2
English to French
Questions en Francais
French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

How do you say 'have you got any children' in french?

"avez vous des enfants ?" or "est-ce que vous avez des enfants ?"

English to French
Questions en Francais
French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

What is the french word for dresser?

dresser is it self in FRENCH.

DIY Projects
Questions en Francais
French Language and Culture
Grammaire Francaise

How do you ask someone if they need something in French?

Vous désirez? - What would you like?

(Est-ce que) je peux vous aider? - May I help you?