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History of South America

Home to some of the most ancient human civilizations, South America was a battle ground for the expansion of European countries. Today it is a growing and vibrant continent emerging as a key player in world history.

4,343 Questions

Why did the US support the Chilean Coup against Allende in 1973?

The 1970s were times of great change in South America, with peasants and workers organizing for what they thought was a better life, looking up to communism. This was a severe threat to American corporate interests, and Salvador Allende, (Chile's President before the coup d'état) was a socialist on the side of the workers.

Allende supported the strike of copper miners, and nationalized the copper mines. These were controlled by American corporate interests, and they did not take this threat lightly. Allende was also a strong supporter of Fidel Castro.

The US accused the Allende government of promoting Soviet interests in Latin America as Allende nationalized US companies. Investors from the US company International Telephone and Telegraph (ITT), who owned 70% of the Chilean Telephone Company (Chitelco) thought that the Chilean government would nationalize its assets there, and pressured ITT to put the US government through their connections and lobby groups.

Export income fell due fell in both production and price on international markets of copper, the most important export of Chile.

From Wikipedia: "Chilean politics ascended to a state of civil unrest amid strikes, lockouts, economic sanctions, CIA-sponsored propaganda, and a failed coup in June 1973".

There was a annual inflation rate of over 900%. Some people think Allende would have been overthrown by the Chilean army with or without US support.

According to the CIA, although they supported the military Junta, after the overthrow of Allende they had reservations about Pinochet being President. However, he ruled Chile for 17 years. Later it was recognized worldwide he was a brutal dictator and attempts were made to prosecute him in courts.

For further information check the declassified documents from the US Government in the George Washington University Webpage (See related links)

Why did some blacks fight for the Confederacy?

This was only allowed to happen right at the end, too late to make any impact.

The Confederate mindset had been strongly against the whole principle, and when one General (Cleburne) suggested putting slaves into uniform, the remark was officially scratched from the minutes of the meeting.

Who colonized Mexico why?

Spanish conquistadores led by Hernan Cortes, who was in search of God, gold and glory.

How did the very first people get to the Americas?

The very first people got to Americas by walking. About 2,000 something years ago people from India and Asia crossing Bering Bridge(Serbia, Russia to Alaska, U.S), at that time the Ice connected Russia to Alaska. So people could cross from Asia to Americas. These people were the Indians, later called Native Indians or Native Americans.

And thereafter much later in 1492, when Columbus travelled to Americas, many European nationals started coming by sea-routes by ships.

What are PerΓΊ's highest elevations?

Peru's highest elevation is the Huascarán Mountain, standing at 6,768 meters.

What was Simon Bolivar's nickname?

Simon Bolivar was known as "The Liberator" for freeing six South American countries from Spanish rule.

What were John Hancock's accomplishments?

John Hancock was a prominent merchant in Boston, known best by the people of the time as a smuggler, mainly of tea. He was admired by many, but his biggest accomplishments were in what he did as a patriot: aiding the Sons of Liberty, particularly Samuel Adams, and later becoming the governor of Massachusetts.

How did Indians get the name Indian?

The Shoshone call themselves: Newe, meaning "People"

Different bands had names based on their geographic homelands and for their primary foodsources. Such as: Agai-deka -salomon eaters, Doyahinee --mountian people, Kammitikka--- Jack rabbit eaters

The word Shoshone is thought to come from the Shoshone language word for "high growing grass"---- soshoni'

Neighboring tribes called them "Grass House People," based on their traditional homes.

What nation did Simon bolivar did not play a role in liberating?

Bolivar helped liberate Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, and the region that consisted of much of what is present-day Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and other parts of Venezuela. Therefore, the New World countries that Simon Bolivar did not help liberate were Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, and other Central American countries.

Do most people in south America speak English?

No. Most people in South America speak Spanish, followed by Portuguese. There are three countries that do not speak Portuguese or Spanish, which are English Guyana, French Guiana, Dutch Suriname.

How did the North Indian Americans get the name - Indians?

When Columbus sailed West instead of down South in order to find a quicker route to Asia, he accidentally found new land (the New World). However, Columbus was unaware of this discovery, and believed that they were somewhere in India. Due to that belief, Columbus called the people he encountered "Indians" thinking they were in India.

Were the big basalt heads in Mexico built by the Aztecs?

They were built by the Olmec people. Olmecs are also known as the first great culture of Latin America.