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Holocaust

The genocide of approximately 6 million European Jews during World War II planned by Adolf Hitler.

36,316 Questions
Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Judaism
Adolf Hitler

Did Hitler kill himself because he was ashamed that he killed many innocent Jews?

No, Hitler was never ashamed of that, he killed himself because he realised that Germany was losing the war and instead of surrendering he committed suicide.

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World War 2
Holocaust
Britain in WW2

How many people died each year in ww2?

Alot!!

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Holocaust
Judaism
Nazi Party

How did the Nazis kill the Jews?

They used:

  1. Mass open air shootings.
  2. Extermination camps.
  3. Many Jews were worked to death by being forced to do heavy manual labour on grossly inadequate rations.
  4. Many Jews were forced to live on very little food in desperately overcrowded and insanitary ghettos, especially in Nazi-occupied Poland. Many died of disease and starvation.
  5. In the final few months of the war some were killed on death marches.

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After the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, mobile killing units following in the wake of the German Army began shooting massive numbers of Jews and Roma (Gypsies) in open fields and ravines on the outskirts of conquered cities and towns. Eventually the Nazis created a more secluded and organized method of killing enormous numbers of civilians -- six extermination centers were established in occupied Poland where large-scale murder by gas and body disposal by cremation were systematically conducted. Victims were deported to these centers from Western Europe and from the ghettos in Eastern Europe which the Nazis had established. In addition, millions died in the ghettos and concentration camps as a result of forced labor, starvation, exposure, brutality, disease and execution.

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In the beginning the Jews were primarily shot. Execution squads would drive large groups of Jews to remote locations (usually in forests) and shoot them there. Sometimes mass grave were prepared beforehand, sometimes the victims had to dig them.

However, it became quickly apparent that this method had several flaws. First, it was "inefficient"; the amount of manpower and equipment (bullets, trucks, gas) needed was so much, that the goal of the extermination of all Jews in Europe would not have been attainable. Also, the direct involvement of soldiers with the mass executions caused psychological problems.

The next step was gas trucks, which had gas chambers big enough to hold about 100 persons mounted in the back. But again, while more efficient this too did not achieve the numbers desired by Nazi leaders.

That was when plans were drawn up for centralized Extermination Camps, in which the Jews were herded into large chambers (800-1200 in Auschwitz) under the pretense of being disinfected or deloused - the Nazis even went so far as to hand out soap and towels to elicit cooperation to the last moment - just to be then poisoned using HCn, Hydrogen Cyanide (released from "Zykon-B") , in a process lasting up to 20 min. Afterward, depending on location and/or time frame, the bodies where either dumped in mass graves or cremated.

Many victims died of diseases they got from the poor hygiene and nutrition. The Holocaust Museum website, as well as the Anne Frank memorial website, offer much more information. Some of it is disturbing, however.

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Holocaust

What best describes the term Holocaust?

The Holocaust was the attempted genocide of European Jews. It is not a term like 'genocide' which is the mass murder of a specific set of people (which can be used for various events); it is a specific word for an event 1941-1945.

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Holocaust
Thunderstorms and Lightning
Argentina
Hopi Indians

What are some interesting facts about Argentina?

They're very nice to people and they cook delicious food.

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Holocaust
Judaism
Anne Frank

What happened to Jews who did not turn themselves in And how did Anne Frank feel about it?

they died and she didn't like it

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Anne Frank

How did peter Van Daans cat mouschi die?

Well he was trying to attack the guards with his claws as they were taking Peter away and then the guard like picked him up and threw him out the window but mouschi was to skilled for him and he climbed back up the wall and pounced on his head (he was secretly a ninja) but then he saw a salmon truck drive by and he chased it...then he got ran over by a bike and the boy took him home and ate him with green beans...): he was 112 when he was eaten

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Holocaust
Anne Frank

What happened to peter van daan's cat?

the cat ran away after everyone was lost nobody knows for sure Miep Giles states that the cat ran away when the annex was stormed BUT returned when all was quiet. She said that she and Elli kept it on the premises and saw to its well being. I received this in email form from Miep Gies.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2

How were farmers treated in Nazi Germany?

It would really depend on their ethnicity/religion. A Jewish or Slavic farmer would most likely have his land seized, whereas a German farmer probably wouldn't be treated differently than other Germans.

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World War 2
Holocaust
Germany in WW2

Did the Nazi's babies used for targets during the holocaust?

Yes, according to the book Night. written by Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel, on page 4.

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Health
Conditions and Diseases
Holocaust
Germany in WW2

What diseases were spread during the Holocaust?

Jaundice is one of the Diseases.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Judaism

How did Jewish people's belief in God change during the Holocaust?

Many lost faith in God. Some blamed God. The remainder realized that evil people will always be around and always find a way to harm others.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Judaism
Adolf Hitler

Why did Adolf Hitler persecute the jews?

Opinion

Hitler persecuted the Jews because he hated them. He blamed them for problems in his society. Throughout the 19th and 20th Century, several different societies and countries persecuted the Jews. The Jews and the Masons were blamed for gaining control of the country through their influence in business and banking. This was a way for people to put blame for bad government onto a group of people.

There was a period that Jews were persecuted in Russia and other countries. Hitler turned this distrust into a racists hatred.

The earliest firm evidence of Hitler's antisemitism dates from 1916, when Hitler was aged 27, so stories about early experiences in his life should be treated with caution.

Hitler believed that the Jews were involved in a great conspiracy to control the wealth of Europe and to dominate and destroy the German or Aryan people. Whether that belief was the basis for his hatred or was a result of it is not something I think can be determined.

Opinion

The reasons most commonly given are that Hitler believed that the Jews:

  1. Were Communists (and that Communism was a Jewish political philosophy).
  2. Had deliberately caused Germany to lose World War 1 by wrecking the home front in Germany itself.
  3. Had caused the Great Depression.
  4. He believed a bizarre conspiracy that claimed that the Jews were planning to dominate the world.

The first of these views - of the Jews as Communists - was also widespread in many other countries, including Britain and the U.S. However, most people elsewhere seem to have taken this with a pinch of salt and certainly didn't get so worked up about it.

As for the conspiracy theory that the Jews were trying to dominate the world, Yehuda Bauer summarizes it neatly as follows:

"The basic motivation [of the Holocaust] was purely ideological, rooted in an illusionary world of Nazi imagination, where an international Jewish conspiracy to control the world was opposed to a parallel Aryan quest. No genocide to date had been based so completely on myths, on hallucinations, on abstract, nonpragmatic ideology - which was then executed by very rational, pragmatic means."

Yehuda Bauer, Rethinking the Holocaust, New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2002, p.48. (Quoted in Wikipedia article on the Holocaust, accessed 31 March 2009).

Obviously, there is something nutty about such notions, but there is no evidence that Hitler was clinically insane.

Opinion

In the interwar period (1918-1939) it was perfectly acceptable to express racist, ethnic, religious and cultural prejudice loud and clear, both in Europe and the U.S. Most German Jews did not take the Nazis' antisemitism particularly seriously before 1933. Almost none had made any practical arrangements in advance to leave the country, for example. Hitler's Jew-baiting was not particularly popular outside the beer-halls of Bavaria and a few other places and was not the vote-catcher that the above answer claims.

Please see the related questions.

Opinion

Hitler like most Europeans did not like the Jews as a result of religious and cultural differences that had been ingrained for centuries. The Jews themselves did not endear themselves either by being racially insular. In any case many leaders who can get a better toe hold by vilifying a particular group will do so as it gives the average man in the street something to hate. He did the same with Gypsies various religious groups and the disabled. And it worked as a result of the fear he managed to spread he attained absolute control of Germany. There was also a lot of wealth confiscated which Hitler had use for. There is no clear answer to this question. If you examine Hitler's policies you will discover that he did not have much, if any, original thoughts. He simply chose thinking that had been done previously and put them all together in his Nazi philosophy.

Opinion

Both Poland and Russia were persecuting the Jews before Hitler was born. Anti Jewish feeling existed in nearly every nation, including America. The degree of discrimination varied, but the dislike was not uncommon.

Some influences that MAY have influenced Hitler were ...

1. The Great War (WW I) for Germany started falling apart when the German sailors refused to make a suicide voyage against the British. This mutiny involved both Jews and Communists.

2. Hitler was anti-Communist, a type of government invented by a Jew - Karl Marx.

3. The German government that surrendered to the Allies (the Weimar Republic) had Jews in its leadership at times.

4. When a child falls off a bike it is not uncommon to see them kicking the bike, as if it was the bike's fault they had an accident. Likewise it was convient for the Germans to kick the Jews and blame them for Germany's defeat and surrender.

5. The Christian religions blamed the death of Christ on the Jews. One can see in the Bible the statement that the Jews demanded the death of Jesus, and said, "let it be upon our heads and that of our children." This became an excuse to abuse the Jews for more than a thousand years. It was not until the 1960's (I think) that the Catholic Church stated that the Jews were NOT to blame for the death of Jesus. (Their statement was based on the idea that Christ died for the sins of ALL PEOPLE, therefore ALL those that sin are equally a cause of the death of Christ!

6. Hitler not only objected to the Jews, but also to Christanity as well. While the belt buckles of the Wehrmacht had the words: "God is with us" written on them. Hitler's god was not the same as we think of. He was going back, in his thinking to the time of the Vikings, and the pre-Christian Germans. To the ancient gods of the Germanic people. He tolerated the Christians only because he was not powerful enough to oppose them. But if one investigates the thinking of the SS troops they will find no Christian thinking, but only those of the ancient times.

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Holocaust
Anne Frank

What is the name of Anne Frank's cat?

Her name was Moortje. A black cat

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Judaism

How did ghettos affect Jews during the Holocaust?

The Nazis ghettos resulted in malnutrition, which weakened the inhabitants and made them victims of disease and often in death. As the ghettos were policed by the Jewish Council (Judenrat) conflict arose within the ghettos.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Books and Literature

What was john boynes intention of writing The Boy in the Striped Pajamas?

he wrote it to show what it would have been like to live the life of a young boy with a dad of that rank

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Holocaust
Judaism
Adolf Hitler

What lie did Hitler tell the Jews?

Hitler lied to the Jews by saying he'll make things better for them.but he didn't lie by saying he'll change the world

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Anne Frank

Did they find Anne Frank's body?

Anne Frank ended up in Bergen-Belsen camp in Germany after being evacuated from Auschwitz in Oct. 1944. Starvation, cold and disease helped her health to fail and Anne's sister Margot died of typhus and a few days after, Anne herself died. A few weeks later, the camp was liberated by the British. She was 15 years old.

A holocaust survivor Irma Sonnenberg Menkel said that as she walked past two pits with the bodies of Jews thrown in she saw Anne Frank and her sister Margot. There were many mass graves such as this.

She was found by the two twins that served like Red Cross helpers at the camp. They decided to put Anne and Margot into sheets, and put them into the mass grave. The body was never found, she died sometime in March of 1945. The exact date is not known.

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Holocaust
Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
Mycology or Fungi
Deforestation and Habitat Loss

What are some pros and cons of fungus?

Some pros of fungus are:

- it is a recycler

- fungus gives plants water (mycorrhizae)

-used in food

-used in medicine

Some cons are:

- spoils food

- can cause animal disease

- can cause infections (athletes foot)

- can be deadly (Dutch Elm disease and ergot)

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Holocaust

Which of the following explains one reason for a lack of Jewish resistance to the Nazi before the Holocaust began?

Jews had dealt with anti-Semitism before without seeing it escalate into genocide

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Judaism

How did the Jews preserve their heritage in exile?

They did this by keeping a strong community.

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Holocaust
Judaism
Nazi Concentration Camps

What happened to the Jews in the concentration camps?

Depending on which camp the Jewish families or individuals were sent to, the following could happen:

  • 1) They were forced to work for no compensation (slavery).
  • 2) They were imprisoned against their will and without having been charged with or convicted of any crime.
  • 3) They were subjected to extreme rationing of food and water, resulting in malnutrition and starvation.
  • 4) As a result of malnutrition, the captive Jews suffered a weak immune system and succumbed easily to disease.
  • 5) They were subject to execution without having committed any crime.
  • 6) Some were subject to medical experimentation often resulting in death.
  • 7) They were subject to mass killings by poison gas.

mostly they were treated like slaves... or they were simply killed.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Anne Frank

What does Mr Frank mean when he says She puts me to shame at the end of the The Diary of Anne Frank play?

He is humbled by how strong Anne is.

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Holocaust
Nazi Concentration Camps

Who stopped the concentration camps?

They aren't the same because the Nazi Concentration Camp is a specific Concentration Camp. Concentration Camp could be any kind of concentration camp

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