Intel 8085

Introduced by Intel in 1977, the Intel 8085 is an 8-bit microprocessor that is binary-compatible with Intel 8080. It only requires a +5-volt power supply and has been used as a microcontroller.

3,185 Questions
Electronics Engineering
Intel 8085

What causes eddy current?

See Related Links below.

Intel 8085

What is the use of instruction decoder?

Instruction decoder takes bits stored in the instruction register and decodes it and tells to CPU what it need to do for it and enable the components for the operation.

Simply, instruction decoder is like a dictionary. It tells the meaning of the instruction.

Computer Memory
Intel 8085
Intel 8086 and 8088

How many memory locations can be addressed by a microprocessor that uses 24 bit addressing?

A microprocessor that uses 24 bit addressing, such as the Intel 80286, can address 224 or 16,777,216 memory locations. The IBM MainFrame, 360/44 or any modern version running in AMODE=24 also has the same capacity.

Intel 8086 and 8088
Intel 8085

Can you give sample 8086 microprocessor programs?

Mov ax,1234

mov bx,2345

add ax,bx

mov @(some memory location ) say 2200,ax


Intel 8085
Intel Core 2
Intel Microprocessors
The Difference Between

What is the difference between hyper-threading multi-threading and super-threading in computer processors?

Hyper-threading is using one processor but logically dividing it into two so that it gives the user the benefit of two processors with only using the resources equivalent to almost one. This is achieved by sharing, partitioning and duplicating the various resources almost into two processors. Used by the latest Pentium processors, which are HT enabled, in layman's terms, it allows you to use more than two applications at the same time without slowing down processing speed.

Multi-threading is when various processes are time sliced such that it gives the user the impression that all the programs are being run at the same time. This is what happens on your computer regularly.

Super-threading allows threads from different processes to be executed at the same time unlike Multi-threading where every process has a time slot during which, thread from only one process will be executed. But every time, if for example, there are four instructions issued to the processor. They will all be from the same process. Hyper-threading takes it a step further. It allows threads from different processes to be issued at the same time, in turn, utilizing the waste cycles of the processor. You can go to any Intel site for further info on this.

Another answer:

Super-threading is a multithreading approach that weaves together the execution of different threads on a single processor without truly executing them at the same time. This qualifies it as time-sliced or temporal multithreading rather than simultaneous multithreading. It is motivated by the observation that the processor is occasionally left idle while executing an instruction from one thread. Super-threading seeks to make use of unused processor cycles by applying them to the execution of an instruction from another thread.

Multithreading computers have hardware support to efficiently execute multiple threads. These are distinguished from multiprocessing systems (such as multi-core systems) in that the threads have to share the resources of single core: the computing units, the CPU caches and the translation lookaside buffer (TLB). Where multiprocessing systems include multiple complete processing units, multithreading aims to increase utilization of a single core by leveraging thread-level as well as instruction-level parallelism. As the two techniques are complementary, they are sometimes combined in systems with multiple multithreading CPUs and in CPUs with multiple multithreading cores.

Hyper-threading is Intel's trademarked term for its simultaneous multithreading implementation in their Pentium 4, Atom, Core i7, and certain Xeon CPUs. Hyper-threading (officially termed Hyper-Threading Technology or HTT) is an Intel-proprietary technology used to improve parallelization of computations (doing multiple tasks at once) performed on PC microprocessors. A processor with hyper-threading enabled is treated by the operating system as two processors instead of one. This means that only one processor is physically present but the operating system sees two virtual processors, and shares the workload between them. Hyper-threading requires both operating system and CPU support for efficient usage; conventional multiprocessor support is not enough, and may actually decrease performance if the Operating System is not sufficiently aware of the distinction between a physical core and a HTT-enabled core. For example, Intel does not recommend that hyper-threading be enabled under Windows 2000, even though the operating system supports multiple CPUs (but is not HTT-aware).

Intel 8085

What is the function of a address bus?

The bits of address bus inform the memory(Ram) which particular element is to be read or write in memory.

Intel 8085

What is meant by multiplexed address data bus?

multiplexed address data bus means that the same bus is used to carry data as well as address. when ALE signal is active this multiplexed bus will contain address and if ALE is not active this bus will contain data.

Computer Terminology
Intel 8085

Why six T-states in call instruction fetch?

Three for opcode fetch, one for decode, two to process the manipulation of the stack pointer.

Intel 8085

What is interrupt acknowledge?

Interrupt acknowledge is the process of acknowledging a hardware interrupt, obtaining an interrupt vector address, and initiating the interrupt service routine in software. The INTA- (Interrupt Acknowledge) pin has the same timing as RD-, and external hardware is expected to provide an opcode in response to it. In the case of TRAP, RST7.5, RST6.5, and RST5.5, there is no specific interrupt acknowledge cycle like there is for INTR, but everything else is the same.

Intel 8085
Intel 8086 and 8088

How do you design an 8 bit parallel register?

Intel 8085

Application of microprocessor 8085 41k?



Area /Catalog # : AERO / 2012

General Information, Semester 1, 2008

Course Coordinator: Dr Bruce Wedding

Office: F2-50 Phone: 8302-3052 (VoiceMail)


AERO 1012 Aviation Physics 2N is a prerequisite for this course. Students who have not passed both 1


year general

physics courses are advised to un-enroll from this course and consult their program director for advice on an

appropriate academic pathway through their program.


To introduce the student to basic electronics, microprocessors and control systems in order to advance an understanding

of their application to aviation ie. 'glass cockpit' systems


On completion of this course, the student should be able to:

* demonstrate a sound knowledge of microprocessor basics, control theory, physical transducers and their

application in aviation.

* undertake experiments in basic electronics and transducers followed by a series of computer based control



Microcomputer organisation; execution of instructions; microprocessor architecture; logic; introduction to

microprocessor applications; transducers; control theory; aircraft control examples; analog & electronic aircraft

instrumentation examples; high level language micro controllers; communication between systems.

Reference books

There will be no single text book for this course which completely covers all the material however the principle

reference book will be

Burton M, Electronics, Logic and Auto-Flight Instruments, Airlife, 1997 [ 629.13252 B973 - 3 day reserve ]

I list a selection of other reference books which are available in either the library ( look under 629.X), the campus book

shop, or the Pilot's Shop at Parafield airport.

Johnson CD, Microprocessor Based Process Control, Prentice-Hall, 1984 [ 629.895 J66 - 3 day ]

Collinson RPG, Introduction to Avionics Systems, 2


Ed, Kluwer Academic Pub., 2003

Siuru B & Busick JD, Future Flight - the next generation of aircraft technology, TAB AERO McGraw-Hill

[ 629.13334 S623.2 ]

McCormick BW, Aerodynamics, Aeronautics and Flight Mechanics, 2


Ed, John Wiley & Sons, 1995

[ 629.1323 M131.2 - 3 day ]


Continuous assessment 25%

Practical 25%

Examination (1 x 2 hr.) 50%

The continuous assessment will consist of quizzes and problem papers delivered as

per the schedule below. The quizzes (approx 20 minutes) will evaluate the students

conceptual knowledge as well as small problem solving skills. The problem papers

will each consist of 3 or 4 numerically based problems.

The relative weighting of quizzes and problem papers will be:

Quizzes (Formative) 0% Tests (3 x 9%) 25% Dr A Bruce Wedding D:\A_Teaching\DOCS\Subject Outlines\AMC 1CV_Outline 2008.doc 13/05/2008


There will be 2 hours of lectures per week, with tutorials in the odd numbered teaching weeks ie. week 3, 5, 7 etc. and

the Practical will begin in week 3. Students will attend only one 2 hour practical sessions each week. Room details are;

Lectures Monday 1-3 pm D1-05

Tutorials Thursday 1 pm P2-28

Practical s Mon 3-5 pm Thur 2-4 pm Fri 2-4 pm F2-04A


The following represents the proposed schedule (framework) of studies for semester 1.

Week Monday Lectures Thursday Tutorial Practicals

1 Free Free

2 Holiday Monday Free

3 Sample problems Prac #1

4 Holiday Monday Lecture + Quiz 0 One out, all out

5 Quiz 1, TutorialVideo Prac #2

6 Test #1 Prac #3



7 Feedback Tutorial Prac #4

8 Prac #5

9 Quiz 2, Tutorial Video Prac #6

10 Test #2 Prac #7

11 Feedback Tutorial Prac #8

12 Inc. Exam Preparation Quiz 3 Prac #9

13 Holiday Monday Test #3 Free

SVac Quiz & Test Feedback Free


The examination will be of 2 hours duration and will be held in the official examination period at the end of the

semester at a date to be advised. The exam covers all work from the lectures (as per the syllabus), the practical sessions

and tutorials during the semester.

A deferred examination may be granted if a student is unable to sit for an examination because of illness. An

application for a deferred examination must be accompanied by a doctors certificate and must be lodged with your

division office within seven days of the examination.


Please note that the University has a policy on plagiarism. Plagiarism is the copying of work or data of other people

without giving them due acknowledgment. This includes word-for-word copying of sentences or whole paragraphs

from books, articles, etc, without clearly indicating where you got the material from. It also includes using very close

paraphrasing of sentences or paragraphs without due acknowledgment.

Deliberate plagiarism is regarded as a serious form of academic misconduct and offenders (both the person copying and

the person knowingly supplying the information) are liable to be penalized by a fail for the particular assignment or the

entire course. Repeated plagiarism may result in your expulsion from the University.

For a more complete definition of plagiarism refer to the section on Academic Misconduct in the University Calendar

or for definitions of plagiarism, educative process, penalties and of the procedures which will be followed in a case of

suspected plagiarism see the University Web page Section 5 Academic Misconduct, 5.1.2 Plagiarism.erterter

Intel 8085

Type of DAC in 8085 microprocessor?

There is no DAC in the 8085 microprocessor. There might be a DAC in the system implementation, but the DAC is not part of the 8085 itself.

The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask
Intel 8085

What is masking in 8085?

Masking in the 8085 is when certain interrupts are disabled, or masked, by instruction execution. TRAP is not maskable. INTR, RST7.5, RST6.5, and RST5.5 are maskable as a group with the EI and DI instructions. RST7.5, RST6.5, and RST5.5 are selectively maskable, even after the EI instruction, by using the RIM and SIM instructions.

Microsoft Windows
Intel 8085
Intel 8086 and 8088

How many address lines can be used to address 256 instructions on a 16 bit processor?

8 address lines can address 28 or 256 different memory locations.

Computer Hardware
Intel 8085
Intel 8086 and 8088

What is the segment of the data bus that connects RAM to the processor?

The usage of "segment" and "data bus" in the question appears inconsistent, and does not completely make sense.

If you mean the data segment in the 8086/8088, then this is the region of memory mapped by the Data Segment (DS) register, usually reserved for operands in memory.

If you are talking about the 8085, then the question does not make sense at all.

Intel 8085
Intel 8086 and 8088
Intel Microprocessors

What is meant by clock pulse in microprocessor?

A clock pulse is one cycle of the system clock. Some processors (such as the 8085) use that as their primary clock. Others, like the more advanced (current) Intel chips, internally multiply the clock to generate an internal clock at a higher speed.

Each instruction is executed in one or more clock pulses, depending on the instruction and on the processor. The minimum instruction time, for instance, for the 8085 is 4 clock cycles. The maximum, for some of the repeated string operations on an advanced processor, could be thousands.

Access to memory is also controlled by the external clock. In the 8085, 3 clock cycles are required to read or write one byte. In the advanced processors, 2 clock cycles can read or write 8 or even 16 bytes at a time.

Intel 8085
Intel 8086 and 8088

What is the direction of information flow on the data bus?

The flow of information on the data bus is bi-directional. When status pin S1 is high, it is a read from IO or memory towards the CPU; when S1 is low, it is a write. S1 is present on the 8085. On the 8086/8088 it is inverted and combined with DT and called DT/R-

Software and Applications (non-game)
Intel 8085

Difference between Instruction register and instruction decoder?

Instruction register is use to store the next instruction to be executed.

Instruction decoder is use to decode the instruction come from the memory and tell the CPU what is instruction really are. (CPU interpret instruction is different from the data store in the memory . A good example is , memory can store hexadecimal, but device only can read binary data.) without decoder the device cannot indicate or recognize the data )


"memory can store hexadecimal, but device only can read binary data" This is an improperly worded, misleading statement. The difference between binary and hexadecimal is purely interpretive. Reading hexadecimal is a function of dividing the bits into groups of 4 and assigning a unique symbol to the pattern; 0-9 + A-F. This is only translating from one numbering system to another. The memory isn't specifically able to store hexadecimal as opposed to binary; it stores a BYTE as a group of EIGHT BITS no matter what. So even if the hardware is designed to move 64 bits at a time, grouping the bits into nibbles of four bits is how we interpret the bit pattern in hexadecimal.

Another Answer <<< Truth!

Instruction Register is where the instruction bit pattern is loaded for execution. Instruction Decoder is all the hardware logic that is cascade triggered by the instruction bit pattern during execution.

Intel 8085
Combustion Engines

What are the different motorcycle engine configurations?

Here are the most common engine configurations as summarized in Timberwoof's Motorcycle FAQ.

  • Single: Called a �thumper.� Most dirt bikes, many small motorcycles, and the following BMW models: F650, R20, R23, R24, R25, R25/2, R25/3, R26, R27, R35.
  • Inline Twin: two pistons side by side.
  • V-twin: Harley Davidsons, Ducatis, Honda Hawk and Superhawk, Moto Guzzi, and a couple of Suzukis including the wonderful SV650. The 90-degree twin is very well balanced; other angles may or may not be, depending on whether the crankshaft has one pin or two.
  • Flat-twin: classic BMW design offers good balance and natural air-cooling. Also called a "Boxer" or opposed-twin engine, the firing of one cylinder helps cancel vibrations from the firing of the other cylinder. Also used by Harley-Davidson in the XA motorcycle copied from BMW during World War 2. See also the Ural - a Russian motorcycle reverse engineered from wartime BMWs. See also the Japanese Marusho motorcycle, yet another BMW copy.
  • Inline-three: Three pistons in a line. Typical examples are Triumph and BMW K75. Historically seen in Kawasaki 2-stroke form in the 1970s
  • Inline-four: Staple of the UJM or "Universal Japanese Motorcycle," found in everything from the 400cc Honda CB-1 to the 1200CC BMW K1200. In the UJM it's mounted with the crankshaft sideways; in the BMW K it's mounted with the crankshaft aimed north-south and the pistons off to the left. Imperfectly balanced, with the potential to be objectionably "buzzy" in the absence of balance shafts or vibe-damping motor mounts.
  • V-four: Honda VFR 800 (sideways) and ST1300 (longitudinal): smooth like a four and balanced like a twin.
  • Flat-six: Honda Gold Wing and Valkyrie: smooth torque monster with low center of gravity. Possesses perfect natural balance without the use of balance shafts or vibration damping engine mounts.
  • Inline-six: An awkward engine to package efficiently, but with the same perfect balance inherent to a flat 6. See the Honda CBX1000, Kawasaki KZ1300, and Benelli 750 and 900 Sei.
  • Square four: As in the Arial Square four. Four vertical cylinders arranged with the center axis of each cylinder at each point of an imaginary square as viewed from above, looking straight down. A mechanically complex arrangement that is difficult to cool with ram air.
  • V-eight: Rare. Currently only used in Boss Hoss motorcycles - usually a General Motors engine. Used in a record-setting Moto Guzzi in the mid 1950s, also occasionally seen in a custom bike, by mating two inline-4s.

In addition to the comprehensive answer above, additional flat twins (boxers) were made by the Chinese, the Russians ( BMW copies) as well as Zundapp, and one by the Japanese. Thumpers come in varying configurations- depending on the angle of the cylinder which can be nearly flat as with Aermacchi 350 and Moto Guzzi Falcone, and at an angle of around 45 degrees in Panther and BSA Sloper. Of course most other single cylinder 4-strokes vary from upright to a few degrees off vertical, such as the approx. 24 degrees of the Vincent Comet. Two-strokes have come in some weird configurations, Honda made a V3 for a few years (two cylinders nearly flat in front, one nearly vertical, like a Ducati, with three carburettors in the "V"). Also, some "inline twins" (more commonly known as parallel twins) have the cylinders "fore and aft" i.e. longitudinal, like the Sunbeam.

Intel 8085

What is meant by interrupts in microprocessor?

An interrupt is a signal (hardware) or condition (software) that causes the executing program to stop, save its state, and do a function call to service the signal or condition. Once the servicing is complete, the service routine does a return from interrupt sequence, effectively a return from function call, that allows the processor to continue doing what it was doing before the interrupt.

In the 8085, the hardware interrupts are TRAP, RST7.5, RST6.5, RST5.5, and INTR. The software interrupts are RST0, RST1, RST2, RST3, RST4, RST5, RST6, and RST7.

Hard Disk Drives
Intel 8085
Intel 8086 and 8088

What is addressing mode explain any five addressing mode?

The way an operand is specified is known as its addressing modes.

Intel 8085

Types of sorting in 8085 microprocessor?

Sorting is not a microprocessor specific thing. Sorting requires a program and, as such, is not dependent on which microprocessor is involved.

Computer Hardware
Intel 8085
Intel 8086 and 8088

Need of bidirectional data bus?

A data should be either WRITTEN to a memory or should be READ from a memory (both direction)and so the data bus is bidirectional.

Accounts Payable
CD and DVD Drives
Intel 8085

How do you transfer data from Tally 7.2 to Tally 9?

It's possible in 2 ways:

1. Just open your company data in Tally 9.0, and you will see a message that says "Rewrite Version?".

Then, press the "Y" or "Enter" button.

Your data will then be transferred from 7.2 to 9.0.

2: Just open Tally 9.0 and press Alt+Clt+R (It's an option for rewriting the company).

Then, locate your 7.2 data destination and press "Enter".

The correct way of transfering data from 7.2 to ERP9.0 is using the Tally Data Migration Tool using which you can transfer data from 7.2 to Tally 9 this tool is available in your Tally installation directory called as TallyDataMigration.exe just take backup from 7.2 & then restore it using the tool & then ask the tool to migrate the data all your data would then start migrating from 7.2 to 9

Intel 8085
Intel 8086 and 8088

How many address and data lines are there in 8085?

There are 16 address lines (8 shared by the data bus), and 8 data lines in the 8085.


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