James Buchanan

James Buchanan was the 15th President of the United States and served from March 4, 1857 to March 4, 1861.

1,626 Questions

What did James Buchanan do after he retired?

After his presidency, James Buchanan returned to his home, Wheatland, which is located in Lancaster, PA. There, in 1866, Buchanan published Mr Buchanan's Administration on the Eve of the Rebellion, the first published presidential memoir, in which he defended his actions; the day before his death he predicted that "history will vindicate my memory."

Who were the parents of James Buchanan?

  • father: James Buchanan Sr ( 1761 - June 11, 1821 ) born in County Donegal , Ireland, store-keeper
  • mother: Elizabeth Speer Buchanan (Mar. 17, 1767 - May 24, 1833)

What were James Buchanan's successes?

James Buchanan faughtin the in the war of 1812

- && He graduated from dickinson collegein 1809

When was James Buchanan the President of the United States?

James Buchanan was president from March 4, 1857 to March 4, 1861, a period of four years. He served just one term as president. He succeeded Pierce and preceded Lincoln.

What is Edna Buchanan Famous For?

As a Pulitzer prize-winning crime reporter for the Miami Herald, who also won a George Polk Award, and as a bestselling author of fiction and non-fiction books, short stories and essays.

What did James Buchanan do after he left office?

Buchanan retired to his home in Lancaster, PA and generally kept a low profile. He served on the board of trustees for Franklin and Marshall College. He wrote a book defending his administration as president.

Who was James Buchanan?

Buchanan was the Fifteenth (15th) President of the United States, from 1857 to 1861. He was born on April 23, 1791 in Cove Gap near Mercersburg, Pennslyvania. He died on June 1, 1868. Here is the short bio of James Buchanan from Tall, stately, stiffly formal in the high stock he wore around his jowls, James Buchanan was the only President who never married. Presiding over a rapidly dividing Nation, Buchanan grasped inadequately the political realities of the time. Relying on constitutional doctrines to close the widening rift over slavery, he failed to understand that the North would not accept constitutional arguments which favored the South. Nor could he realize how sectionalism had realigned political parties: the Democrats split; the Whigs were destroyed, giving rise to the Republicans. Born into a well-to-do Pennsylvania family in 1791, Buchanan, a graduate of Dickinson College, was gifted as a debater and learned in the law. He was elected five times to the House of Representatives; then, after an interlude as Minister to Russia, served for a decade in the Senate. He became Polk's Secretary of State and Pierce's Minister to Great Britain. Service abroad helped to bring him the Democratic nomination in 1856 because it had exempted him from involvement in bitter domestic controversies. As President-elect, Buchanan thought the crisis would disappear if he maintained a sectional balance in his appointments and could persuade the people to accept constitutional law as the Supreme Court interpreted it. The Court was considering the legality of restricting slavery in the territories, and two justices hinted to Buchanan what the decision would be. Thus, in his Inaugural the President referred to the territorial question as "happily, a matter of but little practical importance" since the Supreme Court was about to settle it "speedily and finally." Two days later Chief Justice Roger B. Taney delivered the Dred Scott decision, asserting that Congress had no constitutional power to deprive persons of their property rights in slaves in the territories. Southerners were delighted, but the decision created a furor in the North. Buchanan decided to end the troubles in Kansas by urging the admission of the territory as a slave state. Although he directed his Presidential authority to this goal, he further angered the Republicans and alienated members of his own party. Kansas remained a territory. When Republicans won a plurality in the House in 1858, every significant bill they passed fell before southern votes in the Senate or a Presidential veto. The Federal Government reached a stalemate. Sectional strife rose to such a pitch in 1860 that the Democratic Party split into northern and southern wings, each nominating its own candidate for the Presidency. Consequently, when the Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln, it was a foregone conclusion that he would be elected even though his name appeared on no southern ballot. Rather than accept a Republican administration, the southern "fire-eaters" advocated secession. President Buchanan, dismayed and hesitant, denied the legal right of states to secede but held that the Federal Government legally could not prevent them. He hoped for compromise, but secessionist leaders did not want compromise. Then Buchanan took a more militant tack. As several Cabinet members resigned, he appointed northerners, and sent the Star of the West to carry reinforcements to Fort Sumter. On January 9, 1861, the vessel was far away. Buchanan reverted to a policy of inactivity that continued until he left office. In March 1861 he retired to his Pennsylvania home Wheatland -- where he died seven years later -- leaving his successor to resolve the frightful issue facing the Nation.

Wow! i an a good person he is a bad prez.i hate him.cause he liked slavery!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! u r stupid??????????????????????????????

What did James Buchanan's parents do for a living?

His father, James Buchanan Sr., was a prosperous storekeeper. His mother, Elizebeth Speer, was an artist.

Who were James Buchanan's siblings?

James Buchanan was the second oldest of 11 children He had 4 sisters and 3 brothers that lived to be adults.

The children of James Buchanan, Sr. (1761-1833) and Elizabeth Speer (1761-1833)
  • Mary ( 1789-1791)
  • James (Jr.) (April 23, 1791-June 1,1868) 15th president of the US
  • Jane Buchanan Lane (July 17, 1793- Feb 20, 1839) -- mother of White House hostess Harriet Lane
  • Maria Buchanan Magaw/Yates (Dec, 17, 1795-1849)
  • Sarah Buchanan Huston (Nov. 4 , 1798- Jan. 27, 1825)
  • Elizabeth E. Buchanan (Mar. 8, 1800- Aug. 28 ,1801)
  • Harriet Buchanan Henry ( Aug. 5, 1802- Jan. 23, 1840)
  • John (Nov. 24, 1804- Dec. 5, 1804)
  • William Speer (Oct. 2, 1805- Dec. 19, 1826)
  • George Washington (Apr. 16, 1808- Sept. 26, 1832)
  • Edward Young ( May 30, 1811- Jan. 25, 1895)

What was James Buchanan timeline?

He was born on 23 April 1791, served as President from 1857 to 1861 and died on 1 June 1868.

Why did James Buchanan want to be president?

James Buchanan wanted to become president because he thought that he was the right person for the job from having so many other jobs that had to do with the law

Who was the US President after James Buchanan?

Abraham Lincoln was the US president after Buchanan.

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States from 1861 March 4 to 1865 April 15.

Did James Buchanan have a job before he was president?

Yes, he was lawyer before he entered politics. As a politician he served in the PA state house and as US Congressman and Senator. He was Secretary of State for Polk and served as minister to Russia and Great Britain.

Who was James Buchanan's Vice President?

John C. Breckinridge served under James Buchanan as the 14th Vice President of the United States from March 4, 1857 until March 4, 1861.

Was Buchanan a good president?

Buchanan is considered to be one of the weakest presidents because he essentially marked time without proposing any solutions to the nation's problems. On the other hand, he kept the country together for four more years and it seems likely that the only solution to the slavery issue was what eventually happened- namely a long bloody Civil War that abolished slavery by force with conditions imposed entirely by the winners of the war.

Who was James Buchanan's wife?

James Buchanan, 15th US President, was never married.
James Buchanan is the only American president who never married.

What state did James McClurg represent?

James McClurg represented Virgina at the Constitutional Convention. He arrived on May 25 and left for the last time on July 21. McClurg agreed to represent Virgina after Richard Henry Lee and Patrick Henry declined the invitation to serve as representatives.