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Jerusalem

The capital of Israel, Jerusalem is situated in the Judean Mountains between the northern edge of the Dead Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. It is a holy city to the three major religions –Christianity, Islam and Judaism. The city has a population of 780,200 as of 2009.

3,840 Questions

What is the national game of israel?

soccer (European football), and basketball is a close second.

How far is it from Jerusalem to the Dead Sea?

It is 15 miles from Jerusalem to the Dead Sea! I'm glad to help.

What is the weight limit for checked baggage going to Kenya?

It depends on the airline, and whether you are flying first class or another level. The Standard Weight Limit Is typically 15-25 kilograms per person.

Anything over this will incur fees.

You can book extra weight for your baggage with your travel agent where you can have, for instance, 20kg instead of 15kg, but there will still be an upper limit beyond which they will not carry your bag.

Why do Jews consider the city of Jerusalem holy?

Because the Jews, being the chosen nation, were given the land of Israel by God, and Jerusalem is where the two Temples (and the third to come) stood/stand.

Answer

It is the site in which the first and second Holy Temples were built. Today the only remains is a single wall known as the Kotel or Western Wall.

What is the capital of Israel?

The capital of Israel is Jerusalem.

West Jerusalem was established as the national capital in 1950; and in 1980 the Jerusalem Law made the entire unified city of Jerusalem the Israeli capital.

The Debate

It is understandable that Israel, being of holy significance to 3 major religions (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) and being one of the most fought-over and conquered pieces of land in the history of mankind, will spark a monsoon of debate, as to who owns what. But, the fact remains that the capital of Israel was proclaimed by the Israeli government and this capital is Jerusalem.

The issue that a lot of international groups have with the Israeli Declaration that Jerusalem is its capital is that the city defined by the Israelis as Jerusalem contains both de jureIsraeli territory (West Jerusalem) and the de jurenon-Israeli territory (East Jerusalem) which is owed, theoretically, to a Palestinian State. The UN Security Council Resolution 478 crystallized the international stance on this issue. If Israel, like East Germany, claimed that half of a city was its operating capital (i.e. West Jerusalem - but East Berlin in the German case), many international observers would have fewer objections to recognizing it as the capital of Israel. However, as the official Israeli capital contains territory that is not technically Israeli, many organizations and countries prefer to treat Tel Aviv, a city that is unequivocally Israeli and the site of David Ben Gurion's Declaration of Independence, as the working capital. Therefore, all embassies in Israel are in Tel Aviv.

What are some holy cities for Jews?

The holy land for Judaism is Israel, and the holy city is Jerusalem.
Jerusalem is the center of Judaism. It is important to Jews because it was chosen by God (Zechariah 3:2). It was the site of the Akeidah (Binding of Isaac, in Genesis ch.22) and was later the seat of the Davidic Kings, when King David, Israel's greatest king, founded the dynasty that ruled Judah for much of its history, making Jerusalem the capital of the United Kingdom of Israel during his reign and that of his son, King Solomon.

(See: Jewish history timeline)
Most importantly, it was the location of the First and Second Temples, where offerings were made to God and where His presence dwelt in the Holy of Holies (1 Kings ch.8) and was manifested in a number of miracles (Mishna, Avot ch.5).
Jerusalem is called the holy city by the prophets (Isaiah 52:1). It was where Jews would go three times a year to celebrate the holiest festivals (Deuteronomy ch.16). Even after the destruction of the Temple, the Temple Mount and adjacent Western ("Wailing") Wall, which still stands, is the holiest site in Judaism. It is hoped and prophesied (Ezekiel ch.40-44) that one day a third temple will be rebuilt in Jerusalem and that the Messiah will come to it.

Jerusalem has become representative of the connection with the Divine. Jerusalem is also seen as the source of Divine Law, as demonstrated in many Jewish prayers: "Ki miTziyon tetze Torah udvar Hashem miYerushalayim - From Zion comes the Torah and the Word of God from Jerusalem" (Isaiah 2:3).

Jerusalem is also representative of the Redemption of the Jewish people from their physical and spiritual exile, because this exile causes the melancholy that the Jewish people experience by being apart from God's presence. The Redemption, which Jews believe will be brought by the Messiah, will result in the Jewish people returning to Jerusalem.

According to ancient Hebrew tradition, Jerusalem is the site where God took the very earth from which Adam, the first man, was formed (midrash Rabbah 14:8). Read Genesis carefully; Adam was not created in the garden of Eden; he was taken there. Jerusalem, because it is the first place on Earth where the spirit of God dwelt, is considered a direct link to God.

Judaism is the oldest monotheistic religion and Jerusalem has been its only holy site for over 3000 years. King Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed by invading Babylonians, and rebuilt at the same site (known as the Temple Mount) about 2500 years ago. It was then destroyed again when the Romans conquered Judea about 2000 years ago, killing a million Jews. All Jews who value their heritage feel ties to Jerusalem and the holy land, where so many of their people struggled for the freedom to practice Judaism. At the same time, Jews believe that all people should be welcome there, regardless of faith.

Jerusalem is the eternal Jewish city, and a symbol of a future time of peace. Jerusalem is also the focal point of prayer of the Jews. When they pray, wherever they are, they face towards Jerusalem (Talmud, Berakhot 30a), with love and longing. The sentiment is aptly expressed in Psalm 137: "By the waters of Babylon, there we sat and wept as we remembered Zion....If I forget you, Jerusalem, let my right hand forget its wisdom."

For thousands of years we remembered our exile and prayed for its end. Now at least we can do so from "up close."

See also:

Destruction and Diaspora

What country is Jerusalem in?

Jerusalem is located in Israel, which is in the Middle East. The State of Palestine claims East Jerusalem, which includes a number of modern Arab neighborhoods and the Old City.

There is much discussion concerning Jerusalem's proper legal nature and ownership:

Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israel annexed East Jerusalem and considers it a part of Israel, although the international community has rejected the annexation as illegal and considers East Jerusalem occupied territory. The international community does not recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital and most foreign embassies are located in Tel Aviv and its suburbs. Palestinians want East Jerusalem to be the capital of a future Palestinian state. Israel, however, considers the entire city to be a part of Israel following its annexation of East Jerusalem through the Jerusalem Law of 1980.

In Israel.

Are there any Starwood hotels in Jerusalem?

Nope. The Sheraton used to be a Starwood, but they recently ejected it from the chain.

What religion is the Dome of Rock associated with?

The Dome of the Rock (Arabic: مسجد قبة الصخرة , Masjid Qubbat Al-Sakhrati) in the Eastern part of Al-Quds (Jerusalem). It is a holy place in Islam.

Within it is a stone important in Islam for two reasons:

1) Abraham was ordered by God to sacrifice his son on it

2) Prophet Muhammad ascended to Heaven from it per the miracle that God supported prophet Muhammad with and is known as 'Al-Israa and Al-Mi'rag".
Islam
Islamic - See related link..
The religion of the Dome of the Rock is Islam. It is the area where the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) ascended in to heaven and also where he was taken to pray with previous prophets. The Dome of the Rock is not to be confused with Masjid-Al-Aqsa as a lot of media portrays it to be. There is much controversy about the reasoning for this that predates thousands of years in history. The Masjid-Al-Aqsa is built on the previous Temple of Solomon. It is believed that the Prophet Soloman (Suleyman) buried several devil-worshiping books that included writing about black magic and states outside the human body. It is believed that the books were a source of power. This is the reason for the confusion. Making people think that the Dome of the Rock is Masjid-Al-Aqsa will shift the media attention away from the real Masjid-Al-Aqsa. The reason for this, is believed to be so they can gain access to the books that the Prophet Solomon (Suleyman) had buried to protect the people from the evil of the writing. Don't believe me about the media turning attention away from the real Masjid-Al-Aqsa? Type 'Masjid-Al-Aqsa' on Google Images and you'll find the majority of pictures are of the Dome of the Rock. There is much evidence that the Israeli government, has started 'construction' around the Mosque which could be a way of disguising the real actions of finding the buried books.
It is Islam religion.

Refer to the related question, below, for more information.

It is religious to three religions (that I know of):

  • Islam
  • Christianity
  • Judaism

How much is postage from the US to Israel?

As of April, 2012

Regular letter:

Weight

not over

(ozs.)

Price

1

$0.94

2

1.69

3

2.44

3.5

3.19

Large flat envelopes:

Weight

not over

(ozs.)

Price

Weight

not over

(ozs.)

Price

Weight

not over

(ozs.)

Price

1

$1.20

12

$8.05

44

$20.85

2

1.95

16

9.65

48

22.45

3

2.70

20

11.25

52

24.05

4

3.45

24

12.85

56

25.65

5

4.20

28

14.45

60

27.25

6

4.95

32

16.05

64

28.85

7

5.70

36

17.65

8

6.45

Packages:

Weight

not over

(ozs.)

Price

Weight

not over

(ozs.)

Price

Weight

not over

(ozs.)

Price

1

$1.40

12

$8.25

44

$21.05

2

2.15

16

9.85

48

22.65

3

2.90

20

11.45

52

24.25

4

3.65

24

13.05

56

25.85

5

4.40

28

14.65

60

27.45

6

5.15

32

16.25

64

29.05

7

5.90

36

17.85

8

6.65

See related links for source.

What is the holy city for Jews?

Jerusalem. (And within Jerusalem, the holiest site for Jews is the Western Wall in the Old City.)

Jerusalem is the center of Judaism. It is important to Jews because it was chosen by God (Zechariah 3:2). It was the site of the Akeidah (Binding of Isaac, in Genesis ch.22) and was later the seat of the Davidic Kings, when King David, Israel's greatest king, founded the dynasty that ruled Judah for much of its history, making Jerusalem the capital of the United Kingdom of Israel during his reign and that of his son, King Solomon.
Most importantly, it was the location of the First and Second Temples, where offerings were made to God and where His presence dwelt in the Holy of Holies (1 Kings ch.8).

What country is Jerusalem the capital of?

Jerusalem is the de jure capital of Israel according to Israeli Law and general functioning.

According to international groups, only West Jerusalem is the official capital, but given the politics concerning the recognition of a unified Jerusalem. Palestine has also declared East Jerusalem to be the de jure capital of Palestine, but as Palestne does not control any part of Jerusalem, Ramallah and Gaza City serve as de facto capitals of Palestine.

What words can you make out of the word Jerusalem?

a, are, male, sale, jar, rule, mere, lure, jam, rum, sum, lame, earl, ear, jeer, muse, use, user, sure, jura

What languages are spoken in Jerusalem Israel?

Hebrew (among Jewish Israelis), Arabic (among Arab Israelis and Palestinians), Yiddish (in Hasidic Communities), and English (for tourists). Note that most Arabic-speakers also understand and use Hebrew in earning a livelihood among other Israelis.

In Jerusalem, many languages can be heard. From most to least common, there are: Hebrew, Palestinian/Jordanian Arabic, English, Yiddish, Russian, French, foreign Arabic dialects, Spanish, etc.
The residents of Jerusalem speak many languages. Some of them are: Hebrew, Arabic, English, Yiddish, French and Spanish. Being a center for new immigrants, you can probably find speakers of many other languages in Jerusalem.
Hebrew is the primary language. Arabic is spoken by the large muslim minority, and English is the most common foreign language spoken in Jerusalem.
mainly Hebrew, but there is a fair amount of Arabic spoken too

Who built the walls of Jerusalem?

It was built by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in 1542

Answer 2

He built the walls as we see them today, but there were other walls beforehand. There was the wall King David built around the city of David and there is the Roman wall around the city, and there are also walls from the time of the Maccabees.

The wall around the Temple Mount itself was built by Herod

Over the course of history the different walls were built (partially) in new places showing the expansion of the city over time.

Answer 3

First Temple - Kings David and Solomon.

Second Temple - Nehemiah.

What is the most holy city in Judaism?

Jerusalem is both the capital of Israel and also one of the four holy cities. The others are: Hebron, Zefat and Tiberias.

Jerusalem is the home of the Wailing Wall or Kotel, the last remaining wall of the Second Temple, and this is the holiest site in Israel.

Answer: Jerusalem is the holy city of the Jewish religion.

What is the Dome of the Rock?

The Dome of the Rock is located in Jerusalem at the foot of the Mount of Olives. It is basically a shrine with a Gold Dome Roof. It is said that Mohammad flew to Heaven on a winged horse from this same exact spot. It is the third most holy landmark in the Muslim religion. Mecca is the first most holy place. Medina is the second most holy place and The Dome of The Rock is the third. Incidentally, the Dome of The Rock is in the exact same spot that the Jewish Temple has been two previous times before. In The Holy Bible God advised Solomon that the Temple was to be erected on that one particular site and no where else. These places are called holy, but nothing can be truly holy other than God.

The Dome of the Rock is an Islamic shrine built on the place where, according to Islamic tradition, Muhammed ascended into Heaven. It was completed in 691 CE, making it the oldest existing Islamic building in the world. The dome of the rock contains a mosque known as the El-Aqsa mosque which, according to Islamic belief, was built by the Prophet Jacob, son of Isaac. The site's significance stems from the religious beliefs regarding the rock at its heart, known as the Foundation Stone in Judaism.

Jewish tradition holds that the Dome of the Rock is built on or near the location of Solomon's temple.

The Dome of the Rock is located at the visual center of a platform known as the Temple Mount, which Muslims refer to as the "Noble Sanctuary". It was constructed over the site of the Second Jewish Temple which was destroyed during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE.

Who built al aqsa mosque?

The al-Aqsa Mosque was at first a small prayer house built by the Rashidun caliph Umar. It was rebuilt and expanded by the Ummayad caliph Abd al-Malik and finished by his son al-Walid in 705 CE.