Jihad

Jihad (جهاد) is a tenet of Islam and a religious duty to strive in the way of God. There are two general ways to do this, the Greater Jihad and the Lesser Jihad. The Greater Jihad is an introspective journey to conquer your internal demons and follow the Divine Laws more closely than previously; this kind of jihad should be entirely peaceful. The Lesser Jihad refers to conflicts and confrontations between Muslims and Non-Muslims or other Muslims, which often erupt in war, but can also be performed through non-violent protests, debate, and advocacy.

1,135 Questions
History of India
History of Islam
Jihad

Was the work of Syed Ahmed Barelvi the most important factor in the revival of Islam in the period 1700-1850?

The work of Syed Ahmed Shaheed Barevi was crucial in the period of his lifetime in reviving Islam, however the likes of Shah Waliullah and Haji Shariatullah also contributed to a vast extent in this category.

Syed Ahmed Barelvi's work took him to numerous military expeditions all over India. Before leavign for Hajj, he scouted all of India, as well as Afghanistan for people willing to take up the cause for Jihad. Upon returning, he immediately set his eyes towards the Sikh ruler of Punjab, Ranjit Singh, who had been accustomed to oppressing Muslims. The dismissal of Syed Ahmed Barelvi's ultimatum led to him defeating the Sikhs at Okara and then Hazrothe. These victories rekindled the dying embers of hope in the Muslims and united them in a singular cause of armed struggle against those who treated the Muslims with hostility.

Upon being established as an 'imam', he also ensured that the Muslims would not fight against each other and succumb to the strategy of the Sikhs', who had been exploiting the fact that Syed Ahmed Barelvi's army was made up of different communities, something they rendered 'un-Islamic'.

He further anulled any chances of fighting of fellow Muslims fighting one other when he moved his headquarters to Balakot, so as to avoid fighting with Yar Muhammad's brother and his army. Even when was betrayed and ambushed upon, he and his army fought to the very end, regardless of the consequences. The principles he believed in were very rare. He disregarded worldly luxuries and inspired all those around him to be a sincere and devout Muslim.

Another prominent leader in this period was Shah Waliullah. His works were numerous, but very decisive. According to him, the Muslims in India were deprived of a deep understanding of their religion. So, he availed himself as a role model, accessible to all those who sought help in understanding Islam. Furthermore, he also wrote 51 books, many of which were important and helped the Islamic community. For example, his account of the lives of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs was written in such a way that it was acceptable to both the Sunnis and Sh'ias. This helped in soothing the religious differences between the two.

Furthermore, Shah Waliullah translated the Qur'an into Persian, a widely spoken language in the sub-continent so that the Muslims could understand what the message of Islam really was. It was on this basis that the two sons of Shah Waliullah translated the Qur'an into Urdu, making it even more accessible.

The efforts of Shah Waliullah to unite the Muslims against the ever-offensive Marathas was also crucial in this period. Even though many nobles declined, he managed to persuade Ahmed Shah Abdali of Persia to defeat the Marathas in 1761 further prolonging the short-lived freedom Muslims had. Besides, the 'madrassa' run by Shah Waliullah was also to play a pivotal part in the live of Syed Ahmad Barelvi as it was here that he learned of the Islamic teachings and principles, under his sons.

As for Haji Shariatullah, his work was based on the Faraizi Movement. His continuous urging to Muslims to stand up for their rights led to them no longer bearing the down-trodden chains of the Hindu and British landlords. His work led to unity within the Muslims in Bengal, they now realized their rights and that they too could work for their own cause.

His work, to some extent, raised the spiritual and economic situations of these Muslims and it was he who acted as inspiration for his son, Mohsin-ud-din, who was to later further his work and establish the Muslims as a united force who helped one another, as brothers-in-arms, according to the principles of Islam.

To conclude, each and every leader played a very crucial role in their own way, however some played it better than than the others, namely, Shah Waliullah. His work in reviving Islam was spread all across the subcontinent and his work was very diverse. However, as compared to him, Haji Shariatullah's work was confined to East Bengal, and his movement died after a short life. As for Ahmed Shaheed Barelvi, his work, though essential, was met with failure. He was unsuccessful in his original goal; to establish Muslims rulers and ultimately died a noble death.

*Written as per CIE O' Levels standards, as required.

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Ancient History
Jihad

Who are the mujahideen?

Those who engage in jihad

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Jihad

What was jihad movement?

The Jihad Movement was a uniting force for Muslims. Jihad means fighting for Islam.And it was Successful.

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Judaism
Israel
Palestinian Territories
Terrorism
Jihad

What is currently happening between Israel and Hamas?

Hamas seeks the destruction of Israel and the removal of the Jews from the middle east. Israel only seeks to defend its borders, sometimes quite aggressively.

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Jihad

How many movies has Jihad been in?

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Jihad

Does Jihad have any hobbies?

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Jihad

What is the difference between jihad and War?

A jihad is the Arabic word for struggle. It usually has some religious undertones to it where as a war is usually more political in nature

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Jihad

Islamic warriors who engage in what they call jihad are called what?

The mujahideen

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Jihad

What does Jihad mean?

Answer 1

There is, perhaps, no term today that is more misunderstood than the term "jihad". Nowadays, the word jihad has solely come to signify "holy war", terrorism, or the mass murder of innocent people. However, what is jihad really about and what is its correct meaning? The term jihad is in fact derived from the Arabic verb "jahada", which linguistically means to strive or struggle. In Islam, however, jihad means to exhaust utmost effort striving to please God. This, unsurprisingly, includes fighting, as fighting is a form of struggle. In fact, majority of the time the term jihad is mentioned in the Qur'an it means "fighting in the way of God" (for His sake), and to make His Word the highest. The one who engages in jihad is called a mujaahid; the plural is mujaahideen.

Jihad is a very important part of Islam. Unlike Christians, Muslims do not believe in the idea of "love thy enemy" or turning the other cheek when we are attacked. Instead, we believe in the divine principle, "fight those who fight you." This general guideline and rule agrees with our human nature and survival instinct. That is because it is only natural for one to retaliate against aggression and defend one's life, property and wealth from any external attack.

Sadly, this basic human right - the right to defend oneself - is nowadays denied to Muslims by modern-day democracies and so-called free nations, such as Britain and the USA. This is clearly evident in the fact that Muslims in Afghanistan, Iraq, Palestine, Chechnya and Kashmir who are resisting the brutal occupation of their lands are continually branded and portrayed as terrorists and violent extremists by Western powers.

On top of this, any Muslim in the West that has the fortitude to condemn the evil actions of Coalition forces is similarly branded as a "terrorist sympathiser" or accused of "glorifying terrorism" for believing in the right of Muslims to defend their land from occupation. It is not even allowed for us to discuss the causes of 9/11 or 7/7 - in order to gain lessons - without fear of being labelled a terrorist fanatic.

The irony of this situation is that if tomorrow Britain is under occupation, every Briton would consider it their right, without any question, to fight for their country and defend their land, even if such actions were deemed terrorism by other nations.

So, in summary, jihad does not translate as "holy war" or the killing of innocent people. It is to strive, with utmost effort, to please God and fight in His way. It is famously reported that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, "The best form of jihad is to speak the truth in the face of a tyrant ruler."(Abu Daawud and Al-Tirmidhi)

The greatest tyrants today are those who prefer the rule of man over the laws of God (Sharia law). Jihad and the establishment of Sharia law on earth are the only two things which will unite all people, of all races, and rid the world of oppression, poverty and corruption for good.

Answer 2

Jihad is a part of the religion Islam. The word means 'struggle', even though many parts of the media report that it means 'holy war' or similar things so that they have something to write stories on.

Jihad is completely different from terrorism. Even though organizations like al-Qaeda claim that they are following the Jihad rules, they are not.

Answer 3

There are two forms of jihad. One is an internal struggle to be true and faithful to Islam amidst all of the struggles and difficulties that the world presents. The second is the command to rise militarily in defense of Islam when Muslims are under attack, especially from non-Muslims. This second form of jihad is popularly considered the "holy war" type of jihad.

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Jihad

Why is greater jihad more important than lesser jihad?

Lesser (or minor) Jihad is the struggle against the enemy in defending your lands, yourself, your religion, property, family,...

Greater (or major) Jihad is struggle against the devil for not doing evil, not doing forbidden deeds per Islam religion and striving to obey your God and Prophet Muhammad in all your doings and sayings in public and in secret.

This explains why greater Jihad is more important and more difficult. Refer to question below. Major Jahad is more difficult because you need to fight mostly against yourself and your desires. and your enemy is hidden. If you fail in minor Jahad, you will lose your life or your property but if you fail in major jihad you will lose yourself and everything in this world and hereafter.

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Jihad

How does jihad relate to Muslims and their personal struggles?

Jihad is a word that actually means struggle or striving. It is not related to what is called by the west as holy war. It is a deeper personal meaning for Muslims that means a struggle for spiritual discipline. In Islam it can mean the on-going internal struggle to become a better person and to work to submit to the will of Allah.

refer to the related question below for more information.

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Jihad

Is Jihad married?

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Jihad

Is Jihad nice in real life?

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Jihad

Is Jihad nice?

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Jihad

Is Jihad progressive?

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Jihad

Is Jihad honest?

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Jihad

Is Jihad in shape?

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Jihad

Is Jihad Jewish?

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Jihad

Is Jihad liberal?

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Jihad

Is Jihad fit?

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Jihad

Is Jihad flexible?

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Jihad

Was Jihad ever poor?

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Jihad

What are Jihad's best qualities?

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Jihad

What are Jihad's character traits?

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Jihad

Is Jihad still alive?

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