Kangaroos are pouched marsupials endemic to Australia. Kangaroos can reach a speed of 44 mph, and can jump as far as 30 feet in one bound.

8,156 Questions

Where do kangaroos live?

Kangaroos are native to Australia alone - no other continent or island. Tree kangaroos can be found in New Guinea as well as in the far northern rainforests of Australia, but that is the only variety found anywhere else apart from Australia.

  • Eastern Grey kangaroos are found in the eastern half of Queensland, most of New South Wales and Victoria and small areas of South Australia.
  • Western Grey kangaroos are also found across the southern regions of Australia from western Victoria and NSW, and south-western Queensland to the mid-latitudes of Western Australia.

    Grey Kangaroos are particularly common along southern coastal Australia and, contrary to what some people believe, seem to enjoy swimming, often commuting between the mainland and offshore islands. .

  • The large Red Kangaroo is found throughout the interior of the continent - not the dry desert but in semi-arid desert areas - and on part of the Western Australian coast.
  • The habitat of the tree kangaroo is rainforest and dense forest in northern Australia and the islands of New Guinea.

Kangaroos' habitats include grasslands, mulga scrub, bushland (not too dense) and open plains - wherever there is food, and shade trees. Red kangaroos prefer this type of habitat. They will generally not frequent rocky slopes and hillsides, this being more territory for wallabies and wallaroos. However, they will shelter under cliffs and in caves in bad weather.

Some members of the kangaroo family can be very small, and these smaller members dig burrows in desert and semi-arid areas, living on insects, larvae, fungi and plant roots. Larger kangaroos, such as the reds and greys, do not live in the desert (despite what some overseas websites report) because there is insufficient food there.

Wallabies, another member of the kangaroo family, are commonly found in scrubland and bushland throughout Australia (including Tasmania), and rock wallabies and wallaroos may be found in hilly, rocky areas. Wallabies have been introduced to New Zealand, but any sightings there have been of kangaroos remain unconfirmed. Some zoos in other countries have licenses to have kangaroos in captivity.

What country are tree kangaroos native to?

It depends on the species.

Bennett's Tree Kangaroo and Lumholtz's Tree Kangaroo both live in the rainforests of Cape York in Far North Queensland, Australia.

There are also five species of tree kangaroo on the island of New Guinea, which comprises the countries of Papua New Guinea and Irian Jaya (Indonesia). These tree kangaroos are commonly found in the mountainous rainforests of the island. Several species live in lowlands, for example, the Lowlands Tree-Kangaroo.

What are baby kangaroos called?

Young kangaroos are called joeys. This is the name given to all marsupial young.

They are born blind, furless, and the size of a jelly bean. joey
A baby kangaroo is called a "joey."

This is the name given to the young of all marsupials.

Where are kangaroo nipples located?

Female kangaroos' nipples are located within their pouch, on their abdomen.

Is a kangaroo oviparous or viviparous?

A kangaroo is viviparous. "Vivi" means alive, as in the baby develops alive inside the parent before birth. "Ovi" means egg. Birds are oviparous because they lay eggs outside their bodies that hatch later. For added fun, "ovoviviparous", which some snakes are, is a kind of animal that keeps the egg inside its body until it hatches.

What unique traits does a kangaroo have?

Kangaroos have unique traits that enable them to live in Australia, a country that suffers frequent droughts.

  • The mother kangaroo spends most of her adult life pregnant, but in drought times, she has the ability to indefinitely "freeze" the development of the young embryo until food sources are replenished.
  • The mother can also produce two different types of milk to suit the needs of two different aged joeys. She might have a more mature joey that spends less time in the pouch, while a very young embryo has attached itself to a teat. Each joey has different milk requirements - which the mother is able to supply.
  • Kangaroos are able to travel long distances at a high speed, expending very little energy. They are very energy-efficient, and this is linked directly to the physical action of bringing their hind legs up with each hop. Every hop literally refills the lungs.
  • Kangaroos have large, strong tendons in their hind legs which act as "springs". The springing motion requires less energy than running does, so kangaroos are able to bound for longer distances than other mammals with the standard four legs can run. They have strong back legs and elongated hind feet for bounding.
  • Kangaroos are strong swimmers. Many parts of Australia are subject to seasonal flooding rains, but the kangaroo's body shape does not prohibit it from swimming. In fact, kangaroos have been observed swimming to offshore islands off the southern coast. This is the only time the kangaroo's hind legs move independently of each other.
  • Kangaroos are more active in the cooler hours of the early morning and the late afternoon. During the heat of the day they are more sedentary, lying around quietly and chewing their cud.
  • The teeth of the kangaroo are continuously being worn down by the tough grasses they eat. Instead of continuously growing, once a kangaroo's front teeth are worn down completely, they fall out, and the back teeth move forwards to take the place of the worn front teeth. Kangaroos have four such pairs of chewing teeth.
  • Kangaroos have the ability to hear very well: kangaroos can twitch their ears independently around to determine the direction of specific sounds, much as a cat does
  • They have long, strong tails for balancing.
  • In hot weather, kangaroos use saliva to cool down, licking their forearms where there is little muscle tissue and blood veins run close to the surface. When the saliva evaporates from the fur, it cools down the kangaroo.

What is the average life span of a kangaroo?

This is difficult to answer definitely, as there is so much variation.

In the wild, kangaroos live anything from 7-15 years on average with the smaller species having shorter life expectancies. In captivity, kangaroos can live upward of 20 years. Many wild kangaroos are killed on the road, and culling also occurs to control their numbers in certain areas.

Depending on the species, kangaroos can live anywhere between 12-15 years. Smaller species have a life span of less than ten years.

Do kangaroos have knees?

Yes. Kangaroos do have knees. They are made of fibrous tissue.

Are kangaroos found anywhere outside of Australia?

Wallabies, which belong to the kangaroo family, have been introduced to other countries such as New Zealand, but they are not native to these countries.

Tree kangaroos are found in New Guinea and some islands of Indonesia, as well as far north Queensland.

Do both the kangaroo and the possum come out at night?

Yes. Possums and almost all species of kangaroos are nocturnal, meaning they come out at night.

How are kangaroo and deer alike?

Kangaroos and deer are both mammals, giving birth to live young which feed on mothers' milk.

Both creatures are capable of jumping very high, due to the structure of the tendons and ligaments in their hind legs.

Kangaroos and deer are both essentially herbivorous.

They are both found in Australia, although the kangaroo is native to Australia and the deer is introduced.

Both animals are farmed for their meat.

What body part of kangaroo used for movement?

Kangaroos move by using the hind legs, which acts like a spring to jump and uses their tail to control

Is kangaroo supposed to be capitalized?

There is no need to capitalise the word "kangaroo" unless it is used at the beginning of a sentence, e.g. "Kangaroos are native to Australia", or if it is the actual name of something, e.g. "I called my pet dog Kangaroo because he jumps around a lot". If you are talking about the Australian national Rugby League team, you should capitalise "The Kangaroos".

What is a group of kangaroos called?

A group of ten or more kangaroos is called Mob, Troop or Court .

What kind of protection does a kangaroo have?

Their hind feet are very muscular and agile so they can hop away quickly or stay and fight. Besides that, they are able to travel long distances, which enables them to have a wide range of available food. There are few predators of kangaroos and they live in groups, protecting the weaker members of the "mob."

When is the mating season of tree kangaroos?

Most species of tree kangaroos do not have a specific breeding season. As they are native to tropical areas, their cycles are not dictated by seasonal variations in temperature.

Is the opossum related to the kangaroo?

No. Both animals are marsupials, but that is the closest relationship they have.

What would a be a good conclusion for a kangaroo report?

Try a variation of the following:

"It can be seen that, in many ways, the kangaroo is ideally adapted for life in Australia."

How many kangaroos have a litter?

Kangaroos do not have litters.

Kangaroos commonly give birth to just one joey at a time, but twins have been recorded.

Female kangaroos of reproductive age are in an almost constant state of pregnancy. They have the ability to indefinitely suspend the development of an embryo (called embryonic diapause) until conditions are right for it to be born, e.g. there is enough food to support an increase in the population.

Kangaroos can also have two joeys of differing ages at one time - one in the pouch, and one almost grown one. The mother kangaroo is able to produce two diffferent kinds of milk to meet the nutritional needs of each one.

How many penises does a male kangaroo have?

A male kangaroo has ONE penis. However, most male kangaroos (and indeed, most male marsupials) with the exception of the largest species, the Red Kangaroo, Eastern Grey and Western Grey Kangaroos, have a "bifurcated" or two-pronged penis to accommodate the females' two vaginas.

How many intestines do kangaroos have?

Like humans, kangaroos have a small intestine and a large intestine.

Can kangaroos survive a major drought?

Yes. Kangaroos are uniquely adapted to survive life in Australia, a country that suffers frequent droughts.

Some of the adaptations that enable them to survive are:

  • The mother kangaroo spends most of her adult life pregnant, but in drought times, she has the ability to indefinitely "freeze" the development of the young embryo until food sources are replenished.
  • The mother can also produce two different types of milk to suit the needs of two different aged joeys. She might have a more mature joey that spends less time in the pouch, while a very young embryo has attached itself to a teat. Each joey has different milk requirements - which the mother is able to supply.

What does a kangaroo symbolize in aboriginal art?

A kangaroo in aborignal art symbolises just what it is - a kangaroo. A piece of aboriginal art containing a kangaroo will be about a hunting expedition or a story involving the kangaroo.

When did Skippy the kangaroo die?

Skippy the Bush Kangaroo was a children's television show that originated in Australia. It was set in New South Wales in the fictitious "Waratah National Park", and, according to a 2009 documentary made about the series, it did not use kangaroos as the main character, but wallabies. (There has been some scepticism regarding this, as others are of the firm opinion that Eastern Grey kangaroos were used.) Numerous different animals were used, partly because they kept escaping, and wallabies and kangaroos are notoriously untrainable.

Regardless of whether wallabies or kangaroos were used, however, it is not known when any of the Skippy wallabies or kangaroos died. Skippy herself was never "killed off" in the series.