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Martin Luther

Questions concerning Martin Luther, the theologian. His history, work, and rise to prominence in the Protestant Reformation.

3,200 Questions

What religion did Martin Luther King follow?

i a really greatfull to martin luther as without him we would be living in a terrible terrible world an all respects to him and his family.

What is martin luther king jr's favorite color?

I am totally sure it is GREEN because he liked it and he was a wonderful man and he is my DAD!

What did Martin Luther hammer on the church door to begin the Protestant Reformation?

His 95 thesis (problems with the church). And just so you know, the church door was like a bulletin, so he wasn't being disrespectful when he nailed it to the door.

How were Luther's teachings different from the Church's?

Martin Luther believed salvation came through faith in the grace of God, not by works. He believed authority lies in the scriptures not in tradition or Popes, Bishops, Cardinals, Priests, and other church officers. Out of the Seven Roman Catholic sacraments he rejected all but two: Communion and Baptism.

Martin Luther stated that he did not believe the papacy part of the biblical church. Luther also believed that the right to interpret scripture was not the exclusive right of popes. Luther also asserted that Mass is not a sacrifice, but a gift, to be received with thanksgiving by the whole congregation. He encouraged private confession and absolution rather than confession being compulsory.

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Catholic Answer

The primary difference between Luther's teachings and the Catholic Church is that the Catholic Church believes that revelation closed with the death of the Apostle John at the turn of the century and that the Church is only authorized to teach what has been revealed to her by Our Blessed Lord, Jesus Christ. Martin Luther, instead, believed that his interpretation of religion trumped everything: the Bible, the Apostles, the Pope, and the Bishops. He wrote volumes trying to justify himself, and he heavily edited the Bible in order to get it to agree with himself. Other protestant revolters objected to his throwing books out of the New Testament and putting words into St. Paul's mouth, but they left the Old Testament as Martin Luther had edited it.

Why were Luther's ideas so provocative?

Martin Luther was a Christian theologian as well as a Augustinian monk, his teachings inspired the 'Protestant Reformation'

He also translated the Bible to German while adding several principles to the art of translating the Bible to make the translations more exact.

He wrote 'hymms' that led to the development of congregational singing found in the church today.

Being a Monk, he married a former nun, Katharina Von Bora, which has led to the tradition, in several Christian religions, of pastor, minister marriage.

His in-depth study of the Scriptures led him to the understanding that the Church had lost sight of several 'central truths'. This study led him to the pinnacle of his belief's which on Halloween 1517 he nailed his findings, the '95 theses', to the door of the Wittenberg Church.

Some of these are; (in translated English)

"When our Lord and Master, Jesus Christ, said "Repent", He called for the entire life of believers to be one of repentance."

"As long as hatred of self abides (i.e. true inward repentance) the penalty of sin abides, viz., until we enter the kingdom of heaven."

"The pope himself cannot remit guilt, but only declare and confirm that it has been remitted by God; or, at most, he can remit it in cases reserved to his discretion. Except for these cases, the guilt remains untouched."

"There seems to be the same difference between hell, purgatory, and heaven as between despair, uncertainty, and assurance."

"There is no divine authority for preaching that the soul flies out of the purgatory immediately the money clinks in the bottom of the chest."

"It is certainly possible that when the money clinks in the bottom of the chest avarice and greed increase; but when the church offers intercession, all depends in the will of God."

"All those who believe themselves certain of their own salvation by means of letters of indulgence, will be eternally damned, together with their teachers."

"Christians should be taught that one who gives to the poor, or lends to the needy, does a better action than if he purchases indulgences."

What is seen in the '95' is that the flesh is weak and that the church through mistranslating the Bible, had begun to put the Pope, Cardinal's and Priest's on a level with the Lord GOD.

They had begun to promise absolution to those that indulged in the wants or needs of these leaders with property, gold and other wealth.

He was not the only one through this now growing exacting translation of the Bible to know the true meaning of pillar's of righteousness written in the Bible, but he was the first to push this knowledge on the Church.

Roman Catholic AnswerBecause some members of the Roman Church were foul and corrupt at the time. Thus, his protest of selling indulgences, and offices within the church was true and right even if he was very wrong in believing that Scripture is the only source of divine revelation.

The extractions from the 95 theses above prove the point that Martin Luther was objecting to his own understanding of one individual's preaching and NOT to the doctrine of the Catholic Church. His understanding of indulgences was so flawed as to be ridiculous if it hadn't put so many souls in eternal danger. As it was, his teachings were despicable especially as people to this day seem to think that he was objecting to real teachings of the Catholic Church. It was tragic then, and after four centuries the tragedy continues to deepen. Indulgences then, as now, have nothing whatsoever to do with forgiveness of sin.

Martin Luther believed in salvation through?

Martin Luther was born in 1483 and he died in 1546. Luther was a German priest and he believed that salvation is not earned by good deeds but received only as a free gift of God's grace through faith in Jesus as redeemer from sin.

What was Martin Luther King Jr's job?

He was a Baptist minister and a prominent leader in the American Civil Rights Movement.

How did Martin Luther make the world a better place?

He feared God. Therefore God rewarded him in becoming the leader of the Protestant Reformation which changed many corrupt church in the 16th centuries.

How did Martin Luther of Germany die?

Martin Luther was stricken by kidney stone, pain in the heart and problem with his stomach. he died on February 18th 1546.

What are facts about Martin Luther the German priest?

Well, let's give this a shot:

1. Martin Luther was a monk.

2. He was trained for the Roman Catholic priesthood.

3. He wrote the 95 Theses that galvanized the Reformation.

4. He was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic church.

5. He wrote a series of essays called "Table Talk"

6. He composed the words and music to "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God"

7. He argued for consubstantiation over Roman Catholic transubstantiation of the bread and wine in Mass.

8. He did not like having the Revelation in the Bible.

9. He married a woman whom he loved to the end of life.

10. He and John Calvin (Reformed branch of the Reformation) agreed on many theological points.

Why did Luther have a conflict with the Roman Catholic Church?

A:As a professor of biblical studies and Augustine monk, Martin Luther saw himself as a loyal servant of the Catholic Church, but also saw that the sale of Indulgences was leading to corruption in the Church. He sought to advise his superiors, and thereby achieve change. His initial aim was not to abolish indulgences, but to reform their use. In 1517, he nailed his 95 theses to the door of the castle church in Wittenberg, calling churchmen to debate their sale.

Luther's views on Indulgences were debated at the Leipzig Disputation of 1519, by which time Luther was increasingly doubting the whole basis of papal authority. He proceeded to deny the infallibility of the Pope and of General Councils, for which the Pope excommunicated him in 1520.

Although not totally antagonistic to the veneration of saints, Martin Luther saw that the veneration of saints had turned into the worship of semi-divinities who were addressed exclusively for some need, with no reference to Christ. He also objected to the cult of relics to raise money. In Smalcald Articles (1538), he called the invoking of angels and saints, praying to them, keeping fasts and festivals for them, saying masses and offering sacrifices to them, and assigning to them special functions, "idolatory".

It could be said that Martin Luther gradually came into conflict with the Catholic Church because he sought to define standards on issues of faith and morals that were unacceptable to the Church leadership of his time.

Who is called as Martin Luther of Maharashtra?

Kanshiramji

The man Founder of the leading Political Party OF Bahujan Samaj Party.

When did Martin Luther King jr die and where?

Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on Thursday 4 April 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee, on the balcony of the motel he was staying in, just before a meeting.

Who was Martin Luther?

Martin Luther was a German theologian and Augustinian monk whose teachings inspired the Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of the Protestant churches in general, and the Lutheran church in particular. Luther openly questioned the teachings of the Roman Catholic church, in particular, the nature of penance, the authority of the pope and the usefulness of indulgences. The Reformation of the church began on 31 October 1517, with Luther's act of posting his Ninety-Five Theses, more fully known as the "Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences", on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany. The document contained an attack on papal abuses and the sale of indulgences by church officials.

Controversy raged over the posting of the 95 Theses. Luther was excommunicated several years later from the Roman Catholic church for his attacks on the wealth and corruption of the papacy, and his belief that salvation would be granted on the basis of faith alone rather than by works. In 1521, the same year in which he was excommunicated, Luther was summoned before the Diet of Worms. The Diet was a general assembly of the estates of the Holy Roman Empire that occurred in Worms, Germany, from January to May in 1521. When an edict of the Diet called for Luther's seizure, his friends took him for safekeeping to Wartburg, the castle of Elector Frederick III of Saxony. Here, Luther continued to write his prolific theological works, which greatly influenced the direction of the Protestant Reformation movement.

See the Related Links for "Martin Luther 1483-1546" to the bottom for the answer.

What did Martin Luther do to affect history?

Martin Luther is considered the founder or leader of the Protestant Reformation, which changed the religious and political map of Europe rather significantly. It began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic church and ended up establishing separate churches in conflict with the Catholics (and sometimes each other). Sometimes these churches were also in conflict with the state when the royalty was an adherent of a different faith.

What did Martin Luther King believe in?

He belived that black people should be treated as equal to white people
he believed in stopping segregration
Martin Luther King believed that black people should have the same rights as white people. He believed in 'people'.

Martin Luther was a monk and teacher from?

Martin Luther was not a monk, he was a friar. He was born to peasant stock on November 10, 1483 in Eisleben in the Holy Roman Empire – in what is today eastern Germany

Who stabbed Martin Luther King Jr with a letter opener?

Izola Ware CurryIn 1958, Izola Ware Curry stabbed Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. with a 7" letter opener at his book signing in Harlem, New York. She was a homeless vagrant who had spent years in and out of mental hospitals. Doctors stated after the surgery that the envelope opener lodged in his chest near his aorta in such a way that he may have died if he so much as coughed! And after all this it was a black lady that had been looking for him for 5 years, that is what she said before she stabbed him. When he was in hospital they had to cut away 2 of his ribs to remove the letter opener.

How did Martin Luther King change the world?

Martin Luther king changed history on all for the African American's but for colored people meaning tanned people, Spanish, black, brown and any colored skin tone.It's not what Martin Luther King did for just African Americans but what he did for ALL Americans that is significant.

Fifty years ago, America was run mostly by white Protestant males and all others were to one degree or another less than fully enfranchised in many ways. We now have many examples of people from backgrounds of all races and religions and both sexes who have achieved the highest levels in our society and it is no longer a rarity, it is becoming the norm. This not only recognizes their as human beings guaranteed in American law but makes the fullest use of human capital, the most valuable commodity we have. For this reason, Martin Luther King is not just an African American hero but a national hero and fully deserves the national holiday of commemoration we devote to him. No other society can boast an individual who has had such a profound impact, not even India's Mahatma Ghandi when there are still 150 million untouchables in India three generations after his death. Nations with their own racial and ethnic problems which have not even recognized them let alone begun to solve them would do well to study his teachings and how those who used them in America successfully dealt with this difficult issue.

Was Martin Luther excommunicated?

Roman Catholic AnswerExcommunication is a disciplinary matter intended to heal the offender. It is expressly for the purpose of bringing a sinful person to repentance. Excommunication is cutting a person off from receiving Holy Communion, they are still bound to attend Mass. A priest, obviously, can not celebrate Mass as he has to receive Holy Communion to complete the Mass. It is a grave matter but it does not have anything to do with a person's judgment by God as to whether he is deserving of heaven or hell. In Martin Luther's case, he was a morbid and depressed person who had a problem with the truth. He had tried to deal with his depression by being overly scrupulous and when this brought him no relief, he lashed out at the Church, thinking that they were the cause of his problems. Below is the actual incident, if you should like to read the whole history, I have provided the appropriate link below.

Luther the reformer had become Luther the revolutionary; the religious agitation had become a political rebellion. Luther's theological attitude at this time, as far as a formulated cohesion can be deduced, was as follows:

•The Bible is the only source of faith; it contains the plenary inspiration of God; its reading is invested with a quasi-sacramental character.

•Human nature has been totally corrupted by original sin, and man, accordingly, is deprived of free will. Whatever he does, be it good or bad, is not his own work, but God's.

•Faith alone can work justification, and man is saved by confidently believing that God will pardon him. This faith not only includes a full pardon of sin, but also an unconditional release from its penalties.

•The hierarchy and priesthood are not Divinely instituted or necessary, and ceremonial or exterior worship is not essential or useful. Ecclesiastical vestments, pilgrimages, mortifications, monastic vows, prayers for the dead, intercession of saints, avail the soul nothing.

•All sacraments, with the exception of baptism, Holy Eucharist, and penance, are rejected, but their absence may be supplied by faith.

•The priesthood is universal; every Christian may assume it. A body of specially trained and ordained men to dispense the mysteries of God is needless and a usurpation.

•There is no visible Church or one specially established by God whereby men may work out their salvation.

The emperor is appealed to in his three primary pamphlets, to destroy the power of the pope, to confiscate for his own use all ecclesiastical property, to abolish ecclesiastical feasts, fasts, and holidays, to do away with Masses for the dead, etc. In his "Babylonian Captivity", particularly, he tries to arouse national feeling against the papacy, and appeals to the lower appetite of the crowd by laying down a sensualized code of matrimonial ethics, little removed from paganism, which "again come to the front during the French Revolution" (Hagen, "Deutsche literar. u. religiöse Verhaltnisse", II, Erlangen, 1843, 235). His third manifesto, "On the Freedom of a Christian Man", more moderate in tone, though uncompromisingly radical, he sent to the pope.

In April, 1520, Eck appeared in Rome, with the German works, containing most of these doctrines, translated into Latin. They were submitted and discussed with patient care and critical calmness. Some members of the four consistories, held between 21 May and 1 June, counselled gentleness and forbearance, but those demanding summary procedure prevailed. The Bull of excommunication, "Exsurge Domine", was accordingly drawn up 15 July. It formally condemned forty-one propositions drawn from his writings, ordered the destruction of the books containing the errors, and summoned Luther himself to recant within sixty days or receive the full penalty of ecclesiastical punishment.

What were five of Martin Luther's protests against the Catholic church?

Well one of them is that the bible was only in Latin and only the priest could read it.

"Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in all the blessings of Christ and the Church; and this is granted him by God, even without letters of pardon. You don't need an engraved invitation to be blessed by God. Indulgences should not exist- you cannot buy your way into Heaven."

"The pope, whose wealth is today greater than the riches of the richest, should build just this one church of St. Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of poor believers."

"The Catholic Church thinks that if all people were allowed to read the Bible they would form their own opinions and that the Bible would become more important than the Church. This is wrong. All people should be allowed to read the Bible, not just priests."

"It is unfair of the Pope to stop translations of the Bible. Ordinary people cannot read Latin. They have to rely on what their priest tells them."

Why did Martin Luther break with Rome?

There were many reasons. The "final straw" was the selling of indulgences in order to fund the building of St. Peter's Basilica, under construction at the time. The faithful could pay money in order to get the soul of a loved one released from purgatory (a concept that is not recognized by other mainstream Christian denominations, and which was discredited even by John Paul II) and freed to enter heaven. The church taught that the time in purgatory could be hundreds or thousands of years. Purgatory was like hell, but not permanent. Once in hell, there is no escape. People who were sent to purgatory died still with stains on their soul, but not caused by unconfessed "mortal" sin. No heaven if you didn't get totally purified first! So the faithful could be in agony over the thought that deceased loved ones were burning in purgatory, when they had enough money to buy them out.

It's not hard to see why Luther had problems with this.

Rome broke with Dr. Martin Luther, by excommunicating him in 1521, leaving him no other choice but to participate in congregations not controlled by the Church of Rome, otherwise suffer inquisition if caught or found by the Holy See.

In 1517, conciliarism was challenged by the Papacy of Rome, and the Papacy won that challenge, overthrowing the Catholic Council of Bishops' authority over Catholic theology. The Papacy adopted Primacy of the Pope as dogma and doctrine, to prevent theological challenges to Papal bulls in future generations of Popes. Catholic priests defected from the Holy See of Rome throughout the Holy Roman Empire; establishing or transferring congregations to retain their traditional Catholic faith as they understood it; outside the influence of civil intervention in theological affairs where the Holy Roman Empire would intervien through the Holy See of Rome.

The United States broke with Rome under the Monroe Doctrine and Rosevelt Corolary; both of which denounced Primacy of the Pope to appoint or dispose of civil servants at the time, will, or direction of the Papacy's choosing. The Holy See of Rome is technically a theocratic religion that doesn't observe civil authority or the voting-in of elected officials; only rule by way of the priesthood is recognized for the purpose of rule of law and political appointments. This language still exists, but isn't discussed or enforced in our modern era and will continue to be a contentious aspect of government vs. Catholic-Latin Rite theocracy. Dr. Martin Luther preached the Two Kingdoms or Two Realms; where God has control over both, but congregations only exersice spiritual authority within the walls of the Church; while exerting spiritual influence in the civil kingdom or civil realm. Lutheran theology strictly prohibits theocratic rule of authority; which is a polar opposite from the Holy See of Rome.