The roman catholic church was the strongest church during the medieval ages. They built GIANT cathedrals which took life times to complete.
*Sources: My Social Studies textbook
The modern surname Fletcher derives from a medieval trade, that of the flechier (Anglo-Norman French), who assembled all the pieces that go to make up arrows.
The name comes from the word fleche, an arrow. Medieval longbow arrows were around 32 inches long and anything up to half an inch thick, with three feathers (commonly goose) from the same wing of a bird attached at one end and an iron point at the other. The feathers were cut down to create a triangular or half-shield shape; they had to come from the same wing because they have a natural "twist" and must all turn in the same direction, rotating the arrow in flight.
Feathers were both glued and tied on with a tight wrapping of fine silk or linen thread. Doing this correctly is a great skill and takes a great deal of practice.
From the 11th century, almost all English arrow points had a socket - this distinguishes them from Continental points which often only have a flat tang. Points came in a wide range of shapes, mainly designed to cause maximum blood loss when hunting wild animals, or to penetrate armour in warfare.
They still threw their waste into the streets.
Thomas White built toilets on the first floor of the houses.
The filth from these toilets fell onto the heads of the passers-by.
The floors of the houses are made of clay covered with straw. Under this there are layers of dirt which have never been cleaned. The dirt is a mixture of beer, Grease, bones and the body waste of men and animals.
The would be the smell of manure, the smell of various animals, the smell of waste and the smell of different crops and food. It smells bad because of the waste dumped into the street though the gutters. Another reason it smells so badly is because of all the animals and the manure.
The also had no sewers. :)
It recognized the right of kingdoms to practice Protestantism.
It is obviously not possible to know the unspoken thoughts in a historical figure's mind - we can only go by the evidence of what writers claimed Henry II said about Archbishop Becket. At no time did Henry say that he wanted to kill Becket, at least no writer recorded such a wish.
Henry said something like "Will no one rid me of this troublesome priest", which could be simply a wish for Becket to go back into exile in France. It does not constitute an incitement to commit murder and no modern court of law in the world would convict Henry on the basis of those words.
The four knights and the chaplain who committed the murder understood the words in their own way, without checking with the king, so the responsibility and blame lies entirely with them.
Probably the most notorious difficulty was avoiding being the victim of the many wars and raids of the times. There were other problems also, as neither the laws nor such things as land ownership were firmly established. Also, during the Early Middle Ages, travel was dangerous in much of Europe, and trade suffered as a result.
Yes, often times it was a requirement.
They featured sculptures and stained glass that portrayed biblical stories.
I assume from the terminology that this relates to the Comedia of Dante Alighieri.
The sinners in the Vestibule (Described in Canto III) are the Futile those "whose lives knew neither praise nor infamy" (ibid l. 36) and including "that caitiff angel-crew/Who against God rebelled not, nor to Him/Were faithful, but to self alone were true" (ibid ll. 37-9).
These figures represent those without conviction either to good or bad. They are represented following a banner that wildly flaps around in the same way that their opinions and values shifted in life.
The only identified figure is "The coward spirit of the man/Who made the great refusal;" (ibid ll. 60-1) it is uncertain who this represents although it has been suggested that it is Pope Celestine V who abdicated the papacy in favour of Boniface VIII who Dante hated; it has also been suggested as an identifier for Pilate who condemned Christ despite believing His innocence.
Assuming you mean the Catholic Church...
- Often served as the means of government, meaning it made the laws
- Provided path to heaven
In medieval times, religion was the #1 central thing to life. Religion was your culture, your education, your beliefs, everything. These were sad times and people relied on religion to save them. And so they loved their church.
They all have a good buy in the feudalism and they are all examples of military technology
Christianity became divided into two distinct churches.
The split that resulted in the Orthodox leaving the Church is know as the Schism of the East:
FromA Catholic Dictionary, edited by Donald Attwater, Second edition, revised 1957
The Schism of the East the estrangement and severance from the Holy See of what is now called the Orthodox Eastern Church was a gradual process extending over centuries. After a number of minor schisms the first serious, though short, break was that of Photius; from then on tension between East and West increased, and the schism of Cerularius occurred in 1054. From then on the breach gradually widened and has been definitive since 1472. There was a formal union from the 2nd Council of Lyons in 1274 until 1282, and a more promising one after the Council of Florence from 1439 to 1472. After the capture of Constantinople it was in the Turkish interest to reopen and widen the breach with the powerful Roman church; the patriarchates of Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem were dragged into this policy, Russia and the Slav churches stood out the longest of any: none of these churches, except Constantinople itself in 1472, formally and definitely broke away from the unity of the Church. But in the course of centuries the schism has set and crystallized into a definite separation from the Holy See of many million people with a true priesthood and valid sacraments. The origins, causes and development of the schism are matters of much complication, still not fully unraveled.
from Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, S.J. Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980
Separation of the Christian Churches of the East from unity with Rome. The schism was centuries in the making and finally became fixed in 1054, when the Patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularisu (died 1059), was excommunicated by the papal legates for opposing the use of leavened bread by the Latin Church and removing the Pope’s name from the diptychs or list of persons to be prayed for in the Eucharistic liturgy. A temporary reunion with Rome was effected by the Second Council of Lyons (1274) and the Council of Florence (1439) but never stabilized.
First Christianity was brought to each nation's kings. The king would convert from pagan to Christian. Once the king and his court were officially Christian then Christianity would be imposed upon the population. How it was unifying was that it was the only religion permitted within it's sphere of influence. Clergy would have close ties to royalty and noble. This would enable the kings of each country to impose it's will through the church. Likewise the church would influence the king who would impose law accordingly. Unification was never actually complete however. Kings fought kings and each would have their own bishops those bishops having direct communication with Rome. However often a king would not go to war without the pope's permission. Charles I (Charlemagne) was the first of many Holy Roman Emperors who imposed rule upon most but not all of Europe. He ruled with the blessing and cooperation of the pope. In a sense, the Holy Roman Emperors were the pope's enforcers. Bottom line in all of this is that if you were anyone or wanted to be someone or just plain wanted to remain alive you needed to be Christian.
The art was religious art displaying Christ, biblical figures and stories from the Bible. People couldn't read so the church had to tell them the Bible through stain glass, frescoes, and plays. The Roman Catholic Church was the only church and religion. It won't be until the Renaissance that other forms of religious groups will will form. Laws were passed by the church forbidding science and the threat of excommunication was always present. Great Catholic cathedrals were built throughout Europe and Rome was the center of the Catholic Church.
like the system of fuedalism, the Church had its own orgnization. Power was based on status. Church sturucture was based on different ranks of clergy.
the church gained most power after Thomas Becket died as the king wanted help to win the battle he had planned so he asked the pope for his help but the pope said that he would have to show how sorry he was and the king had to walk three miles barefooted and then by Becket's tomb had to be whipped 5 times by each bishop that turned up and 3 times by each monk that turned up Henry won the war but he was still humiliated publically and so that meant that he lost power because people couldn't trust him any more but people from all around flogged to Becket's tomb and paid money to the church the church also gained power from the people as it had just lost their archbishop so felt sorry and were sympathetic for the church which meant that the went to more services and listened to them more so the church may have taken advantage of that and made some things up he also was mad ea saint two years later so that meant more people came which meant more power was gained by the church
by Katie Mclean
Medieval literally means "middle age", because it is between ancient western history (Rome, Carthage, Gaul etc) and modern western history (The renaissance and beyond). It became a trend at the start of the 15th century since many scholars of the time believed they were living in a new age
the religon was roman christian and people like nuns devoted their lives to the church. the people such as pesants all had this same religon and believed and worshiped the same god. all people payed the chirch and were living bytheir religous beleifs.
People in Church do several things. First of all, they praise God and give him glory for his love and compassion. Also, the pastor reads scriptures on several topics every Sunday (or whenever church is held) to the people and helps people gain a better understanding of the Bible and what it truly means to be a Christian. Being in Church is about praising Jesus Christ and thanking him for what we have in our lives. In addition to the above: Firstly worship comes first. This involves praising God and thanking him for his love. It involves prayer, confessing what we have done wrong and receiving God's forgiveness. we sing - hymns, worship songs and other songs in praise or in prayer to god. Also, we hear the Bible read each time we meet, and explained, through a sermon or talk. At something called 'Holy Communion' ( a service held on some days) we re-enact Christ's last supper by breaking bread and drinking wine as a seal of his new covenant with us. In the bible jesus said 'do this to remember me' ...and so we do. In addition to worship, we have fun! We meet for social occasions - coffee after each service, for social gatherings like coffee mornings, meals, concerts, talks (on any topic - not just Christian), for trips (like the theatre - block bookings are cheaper!) weekends away as a group of Christians, suppers, games evenings, sports, and so on. Great friendships have been made in Christian social gatherings. We meet for study - for studying the Bible and what it means to be a Christian. We meet for courses introducing Christianity to others who are searching. We serve a local community (the area served by our church is on a run-down housing estate) through practical help, spiritual guidance and much prayer. We raise funds - not only for our own use as a church like heating, lighting etc (we do not have any income from any other sources except our own giving and by raising funds) but also in order that we can help others. We pledge at least 10% of our Church income for charity - both here and abroad, although we usually give more. As an example one of the 17 charities we helped last year was to help train a nurse in Zambia for just over a year. These are just a few of the activities in my own church.... who said that Christianity is boring?!
Monasteries were important because monks schooled people [in them], provided food and rest to travelers, and offered hospital care for the sick. They taught carpentry and weaving and developed better methods of farming. They also helped to preserve knowledge.
Journey Across Time [textbook]
in the middle ages were a series of wars that the Christians of Europe launched against the Saracens. Saracens was a term that the Crusaders used to describe a Muslim.
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