Microscopes are used to look at things that are not visible to the naked eye. This category would demonstrate how microscopes work and information about different kinds of microscope.

6,336 Questions

What is the function of the arm of the microscopes?

The purpose of the arm is so that when you put your eye to the lens, that it doesn't move, and it holds the lens still so the image is not blurry.


How does staphylococcus move?

There are different types of staph infections the cause many illnesses. A mild case of the bacterial infection is passed along by personal contact causing skin infections. a more serious, but rare case, is when the bacteria enters the body through a break in the skin. It moves to the bloodstream infecting organs, joints or the nervous system.

Answer 2

Staphylococcus don't move as they lack flagella , they drift .


What are the parts of a microscope?

First of all which microscope do you want to know the parts to? A scanning electron microscope? Transition electron microscope? Bright field? Dark field? Phase contrast? Confocal?

These parts of found on a bright field light microscope:

fine adjustment knob

coarse adjustment knob


light reflected



objective lens


stage clips


revolving nose piece







Animal Life

Are animals microscopic or macroscopic?

Animals like plankton or amoeba are called microscopic. But animals that you can see with the naked eye are macroscopic.

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How do you carry and store the microscope?

Handling and caring for a microscope properly will help prevent safety hazards and keep the machine in good working condition. Always carry a microscope with two hands. Place one hand under the base of the microscope and hold the arm with the other hand. Do not allow the microscope to drop or bump into anything while carrying it. This could damage the microscope or cause small pieces to break off that could cause a tripping hazard. Touching the microscope lens can smudge or damage it. Always use lens paper or a soft cloth with a small amount of isopropyl alcohol to clean a dirty microscope lens. Remove slides and cover slips from the stage before storing the microscope, and rotate the nose piece so that the smallest power objective is facing the stage. Place a dust cover over the microscope when storing it to prevent dust and dirt from damaging the machine.


What do you use a electron microscope for?

To see atoms or other extremely small things that you can not see in a light microscope. Even with an electron microscope, atoms are still barely visible.


What is the difference between a compound microscope and an electron microscope?

Compound microscopes (also called compound light microscopes) employ light and an array of glass lenses to magnify an object. (This is distinguished from a simple microscope of one lens.)

An electron microscope uses a beam of electrons to magnify an object. The lensing system employs electric and magnetic fields and is specialized for applications requiring much higher magnification.

See related links.


Who invented the microscope?

The first compound microscope was made in 1590 in The Netherlands. Hans Lippershey, Sacharias Jansen, and Hans Jenssen, all eyeglass makers, have each been given credit for the invention. Apparently working independently but at the same time, they developed almost identical concepts.
It is was Hans Jansse.But many think that it was Anthon Van Leeuwenhoek.

MicroscopesThe first compound microscope was made in 1590 in The Netherlands. Hans Lippershey, Sacharias Jansen, and Hans Jenssen, all eyeglass makers, have each been given credit for the invention. See the related link for more information.

Additional Information:

If a microscope is any instrument that allows the inspection of objects that the unaided eye can't see, then reading stones (meniscal [rounded], polished glass lenses) were the first microscopes, Egypt, ca 7,000+ BC (inventor not known). These were probably very similar to what Leeuwenhoek found being used by cloth merchants (ca. 1648) to count the threads in cloth. The next candidate would be spectacles (eyeglasses). There is little controversy over the date: ca. 1285 CE. There is more contention concerning the inventor, but Salvino D'Armate is most often credited with the first wearable eyeglasses.

If the definition of microscope requires the use of an instrument, in or upon which, to mount the lenses, then eyeglasses fit this definition too. If multiple lenses are the criteria, then the compound microscope is the choice. Three Dutch lens makers are variously credited with this invention, ca. 1590. Hans and Sacharias Janssen (father and son), and Hans Lippershey, apparently working independently but at the same time, developed almost identical concepts.

Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek (ca. 1668) and Galileo Galilei (ca. 1624), are sometimes credited with the invention of the microscope, but they were actually the authors of its improvement, not its inventors. Interestingly, it was a friend of Galileo's, Johannes Faber, that gave the name, microscope, to Galileo's instrument. (So, in this left-handed way, perhaps Galileo actually did 'invent' the microscope.)

Electron MicroscopesThere are many different types of microscopes, and the only common characteristic between them is that they magnify objects. Although the electron microscope and the light microscope both strive to "see" all things tiny, their methods are very different. The two types of electron microscopes can magnify objects multitudes greater than the light microscope and are advanced pieces of technology. For that reason, there are more precise dates on their inventions. However, throughout history, many improvements have been made to each microscope from many scientists and research teams.

The first Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) was constructed by Max Knoll and Ernst Ruska in 1931. A TEM uses a thin specimen stained with atoms of a heavy metal (like gold) and projects a beam of electrons. The image returns as a pattern of transmitted electrons based on the density gradient on the specimen.

The first Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) is a more recent invention, though original designs go back to Max Knoll (1935). The design was further advanced by M. von Ardenne (1938) to create the Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope (STEM). The SEM was first used to view a solid (opaque) specimen in 1953, as is used today, with Dennis McMullan and his team. From there, the SEM went through a series of improvements, with notable names such as O. C. Wells, Everhart, and Gary Stewart. The SEM uses an electron beam to excite the "secondary electrons" on the metal-plated surface of the specimen. The SEM has a great depth of field and is useful in displaying the specimen's topography


What microscope should you buy?

It depends what do you plan on looking at and what type of microscope do you want? Also what quality do you want as in what magnifications will suffice: 5X, 10X, 40X....Typical light microscopes can go up to 40X but many of them costs above $1000.00 dollars and require microscopic slides and usually squishing the organisms. If you want to look at organisms live, you may want to to get a dissecting scope which can cost up to $900 dollars. Any microscope below $500 is useless. As for electron microscopes, they cost up to 1 million dollars and are only used at Institutions (or if you're a billionaire then go right ahead), they also require a constant water supply to the electron chamber and a critical point drier and gold sputter to prepare the specimens.


When was the first simple microscope invented?

Simple Answer:

The inventor of the first microscope is not recorded. The simple single-lens form of a microscope was in use by the 13th century by some accounts. The modern compound microscope was first developed in 1590 by the Dutch spectacle-makers Hans Janssen and his son Zacharias Janssen.


The first microscope was merely a single lens.

A single lens is termed a "simple microscope" but is commonly referred to as a magnifying glass.

The first use of the single lens to magnify is not recorded.

It is thought that magnification by a glass lens was known soon after glass was discovered thousands of years ago, but there is no record of its use for any purpose beyond a curiosity.

It is thought that around 1,000 AD use of the lens as a magnifying device was established, to this may be considered the time of the first microscope.

The invention of the first lenses in spectacles to improve vision was in Italy in the 13th century.

In 1590 the first modern microscope was created, the compound microscope.

A compound microscope is any microscope with two or more lenses.

The limitation of the quality of glass and the use of only two lenses made the first compound microscope only a limited improvement.

The invention of the compound microscope is attributed to the Dutch spectacle-makers Hans Janssen and his son Zacharias Janssen in 1590, but this is not with certainty.

About 1670, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek developed a series of simple, single lens, microscopes with substantially improved lenses and magnification of 250 times or more.


2 types of microscopes?

The two main types of microscopes are light microscopes and electron microscopes.


If you buy a microscope for the home what level of detail would one be able to see?

It depends on the power of the microscope an the skill you have in preparing slides.

Around 150x, good slide prepartion becomes crucial.

a quick search on google reveals many guides to building your own Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM). If you do attempt such a feat the following books might be helpful;

  1. Lewis et al. "Student Scanning Tunneling Microscope" Am. J. Phys, 59(1), 38-42. (1991)
  2. Pohl, "Some Design Criteria in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy", IBM J. Res. Dev., 30(4), 417-427, (1986)
  3. Binning & Rohrer, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy" IBM J. Res. Dev., 30(4), 355-369, (1986)
  4. Binning & Smith, "Single-Tube Three-Dimensional Scanner for Scanning Tunneling Microscopy", Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57(8), 1688-1689, (1986)
  5. Sears et al., "A Scanning Tunneling Microscope for Undergraduate Laboratories", Computers in Physics Jul/Aug, 427-430, (1990)

I believe that a home made STM can be made for about $100 and should provide atomic resolution.

Particle Physics

Who invented the electron microscope?

German physist Ernst Bruche invented it with the help of his assistant, Ernst Ruska. Sadly, his assistant betrayed him, and went to work for someone else. Ernst Ruska got the Nobel Prize for his invention, but it should have belonged to Ernst Bruche.

Some Electron Microscope History:

It is widely accepted that the first PROTOTYPE of an electron microscope was built by Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll in 1931; it was not more powerful than an optical microscope, but it demonstrated the principle that is still used in today's sophisticated and powerful instruments, and earned its builders a share of a Nobel Prize. In 1933, Ruska built a a new prototype instrument that was more powerful than any optical microscope, but still just an experimental instrument.

The first PRACTICAL electron microscope was not constructed until 1938, by Eli F Burton of the University of Toronto along with students Cecil Hall, James Hillier and Albert Prebus.

There does not seem to be any literature linking Ernst Ruska to Ernst Bruche, nor any literature relating any claim by Bruche to developmental work on the electron microscope. Some bibliography is going to have to be provided in order for the sad tale of Ruska betraying Bruche to be credible.


What is the principle of bright field microscopy?

if the aperature of the condeser is opened completely and bright field stop is inserted beliw the condenser

Synonyms and Antonyms

A synonym and antonym for microscope?

synonym: magnifying glass

antonym: telescope


Why are microscopes used in biology?

Anton von Leeuwenhoek the inventor of microscope............ Microscopes are used specifically in biology because the micro-organisms in our environment harms us and cause many vital and severe diseases. In example if someone trying to harm us them we would also like to know that why and how he harms us and we also want to know that how he looks like and how powerful he/she is etc. Likewise the micro-organisms when cause diseases we also know the above features that we have discussed its shape, size, power,strength etc. Some are useful and some are dangerous, to know about their structure, strength usefulness and many more. to know about their facts the microscopes are specifically used in biology......


Units of Measure

What is cover slip?

A cover slip is a small, and extremely thin piece of glass used in the operation of a microscope. The cover slip is placed on top of the specimen which is then placed under the microscope. The function of the cover slip is that it keeps the specimen in place while you examine it.


Who uses microscopes in their jobs and why?

scientist because they have to look close at germs.


What is the innovation of a microscope?

well, it helped people to understand the symptons of the world such as diseases make medicines explore cells etc.

Consumer Electronics

What is the total magnification if the microscope is on low power 20x?


20X * 10X

The 10X is the ocular lens of compound microscopes. Where your eyes go.


Who invented the bright field microscope?

august kohler

Picture and Image Searches

What are the 3 major parts of microscope?

Eyepiece , base body tube , objective , stage , and arm


What makes a microbe a microbe?


Why do stains stain?

Stains are made of chemicals with loose ends. These ends stick to loose ends on what they stain. A stain is a pigment that has to have a surface that will accept it. Meaning that if a surface is porous enough, it will be absorbed. You can stain concrete, brick, certain kinds of wood, but not all. Some wood is so dense that it will not accept any stain at all. Cedar and cypress are good examples. All stains are removeable either with a cleaner or by removing the surface area that was stained. Dyes are a different topic alltogether, as they change the color of the material they are introduced to.


How is a simple microscope and a compound microscope different?

The difference lies in the number of lenses that each microscope has. A compound microscope has 2 or more lenses, like those found in most science classrooms. A simple microscope uses only 1 lens.


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