Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung(s) caused by infection. The three main causes are fungi, bacteria and viruses. All questions concerning symptoms, causes and treatments can be found here.

3,976 Questions

What is orthostatic pneumonia?

Orthostatic pneumonia that usually results from the collection of fluid in the dorsal region of the lungs and occurs especially in those (as the bedridden or elderly) confined to a supine position for extended periods.

Are fungal infections responsible for many 'undiagnosed' illnesses?

No, systemic candidiasis is a scam. Labs and practitioners charge money to do tests on various samples and they invariably report positive results. They then sell expensive treatments. There is no evidence for any of it.

My suggestion is that if you are tempted by some of these ads that you first send a test sample of some kind. See if they report it as negative.

Can pneumonia cause late periods?

Not usually, since the reproductive system and the respiratory system are fairly well separated in your body physically and physiologically. But, anything that disrupts normal body function in one body system could potentially cause problems in other systems, which could then allow for opportunistic infections if you are exposed to bacteria or viruses while you are "down". Possible, but not probable.

Can rubbing your body down with rubbing alcohol lead to pneumonia?

This is no longer an accepted treatment for fever or infectious disease as it used to be. Years ago this was an accepted way to lower a temp of an infant or child. Please note: this is no longer accepted. Alcohol fumes could overcome or kill a child. To reduce fever in a child (dangerous high fever) use only a tepid bath (water a couple degrees below body temperature which would feel cool to your elbow) or get directions from the pediatrician. ANY time an infant has fever, the doctor should always be contacted.

But being cold or having rubbing alcohol on your skin that makes you feel cold can not cause pneumonia. See the related question below about being cold making you sick.

Left lobe pneumonia how long does it last?

Your recovery is going to mostly depend on your taking the medication prescribed for you and getting all of the rest that is recommended. Really, there is no shortcut. You have to give your body time to recover.

How do you get pneumonia?

Some people get Pneumonia when they have just gotten over a cold. It sometimes starts off as a cold/flu and gets worse.
Here's a site that may help: in the related source link below.
Also, temperature has nothing to do with it. People with asthma, COPD, smokers are more likely to get pneumonia. Pregnant women are also more susceptible to pneumonia. Also having the flu, plus getting a bacteria such as Klebsiella can cause pneumonia. Generally, those with weakened immune systems such as the elderly, the very young, and those on certain medications are susceptible.

THE SYMPTOMS that you get when you have pneumonia includes:

Cough, often producing mucus (sputum) from the lungs. Mucus may be rusty or green or tinged with blood.

  • Fever, which may be less common in older adults.
  • Shaking, "teeth-chattering" chills (one time only or many times).
  • Fast, often shallow, breathing and the feeling of being short of breath.
  • Chest wall pain that is often made worse by coughing or breathing in.
  • Fast heartbeat.
  • Feeling very tired (fatigue) or feeling very weak (malaise).
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.

You can also get pneumonia from aspirating, or sucking substances in the lungs (choking on food or drink). Pneumonia is caused from the accumulation fluid in the lungs. Bacteria, viruses and yeasts can cause this, a can anything that triggers an inflammatory response. Sputum can also be clear, yellow or white.

This is what happens in your lungs :
Your Alveoli get filled with fluid which makes it harder to breath or you remain quite breathless. its treated by antibiotics which is given by the hospital. if you get any symptoms, contact your GP immediately or it can impact and cause death if left for a while. If you neglect pneumonia you can die and it is very serious!

Pneumonia can be caused by breathing in toxic smoke off fires, it can be caused by bacteria which can build up in your throat, sometimes you can start off with tonsillitis or a chest infection which can also turn into pneumonia. The best thing to do is contact your doctor and stay in bed relaxed. Te easier way if you are struggling in your breathing is to take and inhaler 10 puffs, 4 times a day. But that is the hospital's decision. Thank you for reading and if you think you have pneumonia i hope you get better soon!

What foods should you avoid if you have bronchiectasis?

According to the US National Institutes of Health site (see link in related links section), the only recommendation found about foods and nutrition in bronchiectasis includes getting plenty of fluids and eating a healthy diet while following a healthy lifestyle. Avoid sodium, solid fats, processed grains, and sugar:

A healthy lifestyle also involves following a healthy diet. A healthy diet includes a variety of vegetables and fruits. It also includes whole grains, fat-free or low-fat dairy products, and protein foods, such as lean meats, poultry without skin, seafood, processed soy products, nuts, seeds, beans, and peas.

A healthy diet is low in sodium (salt), added sugars, solid fats, and refined grains. Solid fats are saturated fat and trans fatty acids. Refined grains come from processing whole grains, which results in a loss of nutrients (such as dietary fiber).

Staying hydrated also is important. Drinking plenty of fluids, especially water, helps prevent airway mucus from becoming thick and sticky.

More from about bronchiectasis:

Bronchiectasis (brong-ke-EK-tah-sis) is a condition in which damage to the airways causes them to widen and become flabby and scarred. The airways are tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs.

Bronchiectasis often is caused by an infection or other condition that injures the walls of the airways or prevents the airways from clearing mucus. Mucus is a slimy substance. It helps remove inhaled dust, bacteria, and other small particles from the airways.

In bronchiectasis, your airways slowly lose their ability to clear out mucus. The mucus builds up, and bacteria begin to grow. This leads to repeated, serious lung infections.

Each infection causes more damage to the airways. Over time, the airways can't properly move air in and out of the lungs. As a result, the body's vital organs might not get enough oxygen.

Still more about bronchiectasis:

Bronchiectasis is a lung condition where your child's bronchi become too wide and build up mucus in them. Your child's bronchi are medium-sized airways (tubes) that carry air in and out of his lungs. Your child's lungs make mucus to trap and remove germs and irritants that he breathes in. The mucus made in his lungs is also called phlegm and sputum. Your child's airways are lined with ciliated cells that help move the mucus out of his lungs. With bronchiectasis, your child's airways are damaged and he will have trouble clearing the mucus out. The mucus stays in his airways and germs may grow in it, causing new and repeated lung infections. Over time, this can cause your child's airways to swell, stretch out, and scar.

How is pneumonia treated?

It depends on the type of pneumonia. It can be viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or due to inhalation of foreign substances. But, all types of infectious pneumonia require effective antimicrobial treatment of the specific organisms involved. All pneumonia types usually involve physiotherapy of lungs (respiratory therapy), and liquifaction and expectoration of secretions from the lungs using expectorant medications. Almost always in hospitalized patients, IV fluids are also needed to treat or prevent dehydration. Pneumonia is also often treated with IV or oral corticosteroids and/or oral NSAIDS to reduce the lung tissue inflammation, regardless of the type of pneumonia and organism or type of irritation or foreign substances involved.

Pneumonia from lung irritants and toxic inhalation:

Those with the types of pneumonia that are caused by irritation of the lung tissue (like aspiration pneumonia caused by choking on vomit, foods or liquids or being unable to swallow correctly; and pneumonia caused by inhalation of foreign substances like smoke inhalation or chemical inhalation, pollen for those allergic and/or with asthma, dust or other particles in the air or substances inhaled in illegal drug use), will often acquire secondary bacterial infections along with the initial inflammation. Prophylactic (preventive) antibiotics may be given before infectious pneumonia manifests. Empiric antibiotics are usually started asap and then adjusted if necessary to fight the specific organisms better once the lab cultures are completed to identify the culprits.

Bacterial pneumonia:

This is the most common type of pneumonia treated in hospitals. Once the culture results are reported, primary bacterial pneumonia conditions are treated with antibiotics specific to the organisms involved in causing the infection. Antibiotics may be given orally for minor bacterial lung infections on an outpatient basis or, if severe symptomology, then treatment will likely be done in a hospital and the antibiotics will ordinarily be given by IV there.

Parasitic pneumonia:

Parasitic pneumonia is uncommon and most often seen only in immuno-compromised patients, like those with HIV/AIDS or patients after an organ transplant on suppressants. Treatment is usually antibiotics and sometimes corticosteroids. Your body must do most of the "treating ".

Viral pneumonia:

Viral pneumonia can be treated with anti-viral medications and treatment for any secondary "opportunistic" bacterial infections found. Antibiotics do not help directly cure pneumonia caused by viruses. Your body, again, must do the treating of most viral infections for itself. Any secondary bacterial organisms will be fought with antibiotics, as well as with symptomatic treatment of fever, etc. Prophylactic antibiotics, as mentioned above, may also be used, especially in hospitalized patients, who can be exposed there to antibiotic-resistant bacteria and less common and harder to treat types of pneumonia.

Fungal pneumonia:

Anti-fungal medications are given for the fungal pneumonias, and secondary bacterial infections can also accompany these types that will need antibiotic treatment, as well.

Other treatment measures:

Other treatments for all of these types of infectious pneumonia, as well as the pneumonia caused by irritants, smoke inhalation or breathing of other chemicals or foreign substances, involve lab monitoring of the arterial blood gases (ABG) and keeping the oxygen levels in the blood from going too low (from improper air exchange in the fluid-filled lungs). Treatment or prevention of hypoxia (low oxygenation) is also given by administration of oxygen at levels above plain room air (to increase the oxygen available in your blood for your body to use while the lungs are less effective or ineffective at exchanging the gases).

Additionally, respiratory therapy treatments ("breathing treatments", often with aerosolized medications), may be given to help loosen secretions, open swollen bronchial tubes and other airway passages, and aid expectoration.

Finally, symptomatic treatments for fever, cough, chest pains, dehydration and other measures for comfort and relief are provided. In rare extreme cases, respiratory failure may require use of a mechanical ventilator (usually only required short term).

More information:

Some pneumonias are more difficult to treat than others. Legionaires' Disease is an example of a pneumonia that is difficult to treat and cure. Legionaires' Disease is often caught from stale water pooled in and around large air conditioning units of buildings, if the systems have not been maintained properly. It is a debilitating disease that could take a healthy adult about 6 months to recover completely.

Common antibiotics used for pneumonia (not all-inclusive):

Bacterial Streptococcus pneumonia is often treated with penicillin, ampicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin) and erythromycin.

Bacterial pneumonia caused by the Hemophilus influenza bacteria (just the name of the bacterium, not the same as the common flu which is viral) is treated with cefuroxime (Ceftin), ampicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin), ofloxacin (Floxin), and trimethoprim-sulfanethoxazole (Bactrim and Septra).

Bacterial pneumonia caused by legionella pneumophilia and staphylococcus aureus bacteria are often treated with erythromycin.

Viral pneumonia does not respond to antibiotic treatment. This type of pneumonia usually resolves over time through the work of your body's immune system. If the lungs become infected with a secondary bacterial infection, the doctor will prescribe an appropriate antibiotic to eliminate the secondary bacterial infection and sometimes these are given prophylacticly to prevent a secondary bacterial infection.

Mycoplasma pneumonia is often treated with erythromycin, clarithromycin (Biaxin), tetracycline or azithromycin (e.g., Zithromax, Z pack).

Symptomatic treatment:

In addition to the pharmaceutical intervention, the doctor will also recommend bed rest, plenty of fluid intake, therapeutic coughing and deep breathing, breathing exercises and incentive spirometers, proper diet, cough suppressants, pain relievers and fever reducers (such as aspirin, only for those over age 18) or acetaminophen. In severe cases, oxygen therapy and artificial mechanical ventilation may be required.

Course of the disease:

The course of pneumonia varies. Recovery time depends upon the organism involved, the general health of the person and how promptly medical attention was obtained. A majority of sufferers recover completely within a few weeks, with residual coughing persisting between six and eight weeks after the infection has gone.


Evaluation of the condition for diagnostic purposes often includes:

Lung/Chest x-rays and CT scans.

Cultures of organisms - Your blood and sputum/phlegm may contain germs that will show up in the laboratory cultures after a few days so the specific germs can be targeted with the right antibiotics.

Your blood cell counts will be tested (CBC) and if you have more white blood cells (WBC) than usual, it may indicate/confirm that you have an infection. Other blood tests that can help doctors confirm the diagnosis may also be done, such as measurement of sedimentation rates (Sed Rate), levels of C-reactive proteins (CRP), arterial blood gases (ABG), etc.

You may also require testing to monitor the levels of antibiotics in your system for some types of antibiotics and in some patients (e.g., gentamicin that requires very accurate dosing based on these lab tests).

What is pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a type of lung infection, caused by a virus or bacteria. Symptoms may be difficult breathing with pain that runs through the chest on inhalation, cough, headache and fever. It is characterized by the collection of fluid in the lung tissues.

The most common signs and symptoms of pneumonia; malaise and decreased appetite, fever, cough (productive or non productive), difficulty breathing, chest pain (sharp and localized, worsens when you inhale deeply or are coughing) and excessive sweating. If you are having any of these signs or symptoms you should consult a doctor.

To treat pneumonia:

  1. Make a doctor's appointment. Pneumonia is different from the flu or common cold. You can treat these illnesses with over-the-counter medications. Because pneumonia involves inflammation of the lungs, you'll need an antibiotic to cure the infection and stop the inflammation.
  2. Drink plenty of water. If you're dealing with a fever, drinking plenty of fluids, especially water can lower your body temperature. Additionally, water and orange juice can boost the immune system and speed recovery.
  3. Take pain medication. Antibiotics can effectively treat the infection. However, they don't treat pain and fever associated with pneumonia. To stop body aches you'll need to take aspirin or ibuprofen.
  4. Get plenty of rest. Some people continue with their normal daily routine while recovering from pneumonia. This can slow the healing process; and in some instances, make symptoms worse. If possible, take a few days off. Rest gives your body the opportunity to heal.
  5. To relieve congestion, apply a warm compress to the chest. Thick mucus can cause breathing problems, and excessive mucus can bring on an asthma attack. A warm compress helps loosen thick mucus. In turn, coughing brings up the mucus. If this doesn't work, your doctor can recommend an expectorant to help loosen the mucus.

Is pneumonia contagious?

No, pneumonia itself is not contagious, but the infection that caused it could be. For example, if you had a respiratory infection that was caused by a contagious bug, and then the infection led to pneumonia, someone else could have caught the bug from you. It doesn't, however, mean they will develop pneumonia.

Pneumonia basically means a fluid accumulation in the lungs - this can be caused by all sorts of viruses, bacteria, or fungi which may be community acquired e.g. "legionella" and "staph aureus" or hospital acquired e.g. "gram-negative bacteria." - it also can be caused if you simply inhale water or any other liquid (this type of pneumonia, as well as its cause, is obviously not contagious).

So, even though pneumonia itself is not contagious, the causes that lead to it can be. Sneeze into a hanky and wash your hands frequently to avoid spreading the germs. Frequent hand washing is the most effective way to avoid catching the germs which do cause respiratory infections.

When suffering from a light pneumonia is playing the trumpet bad for your health?

Probably not if you are otherwise healthy. But if you have, or it causes, any blood in your sputum, severe coughing, pain or lightheadedness you should stop and consult your health care professional. One of the treatments for pneumonia is deep breathing to help aerate the deep recesses of your lungs and cough up mucus, so if you start out easy it may even help you clear your lungs. However, it may be that you will not be able to sustain the breathing required for playing a brass instrument and you should not push it. Obviously, if you have a fever and are still contagious, you should not be in public or around other people to spread the infection to them and you should be resting in bed. No one else should use your trumpet after you have.

Where can you find a diagram of the pathophysiology of pneumonia?

Pneumonia, inflammation and consolidation of the lung tissue as a result of infection, inhalation of foreign particles, or irradiation. Many organisms, including viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia, but the most common causes are bacteria, in particular species of Streptococcus and Mycoplasma

What is the treatment for eosinophilic pneumonia?

Eosinophilic pneumonia is usually treated with steroids, particularly glucocorticosteroids

How long should you stop exercising when recovering from pneumonia?

Most people will tell you not to stop exercising at all.

Frankly, I don't think that's strong; it's just plain stupid!

See a doctor; get antibiotics if your pneumonia is bacterial. If it's viral it may very well become life-threatening, so be prepared to go into the hospital at short notice!

And do not resume your normal activities until your immune system has had the chance to recover your body's overall health. Bed rest is the best thing to do, though hardly anyone does it.

People who force themselves to keep going no matter what or to go back to doing things too soon will find out the hard way that their illness lasts much longer and can get a lot worse.

Make sure your primary care physician or ear, nose and throat specialist knows all the details. This isn't something to take lightly, though so many people do.

What are natural cures for walking pneumonia?

Don't waste time with natural cures for pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infection of your lungs with bacteria, that are in varying degrees of hardness, including some who can live without any oxygen. All require a dose of antibiotics that is tailored to that specific organism, therefore you need to send a sputum sample in so that the specific type of bacteria can be found and appropriate treatment given. If you do not, your lungs can be permanently damaged and the infection can spread through your body, e.g. sepsis.

Student Doctor.

What is the difference between viral and bacterial pneumonia?

The difference between viral pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia is that viral pneumonia is caused by the influenza virus (the flu) and is treated by humididfied air, increased fluid intake, and the incubation period is only about 1-5 days. Cough, headache, muscle stiffness, shortness of breath, fever and chills, sweating and fatigue are all symptoms of vira pneumonia.
Bacterial pneumonia is caused by streptococcus pneumoniae and is helped with antibiotics, fluid intake, supplemental oxygen, bed rest, chest physical therapy, bronchidilators, and cough suppresents and the incubation period is around 6 months. Symptoms of bacterial pneumonia include, sudden fever, chills, a productice cough, and discomfort in chest. There are similarities in the two viruses also, but they are very different too.

How does pneumonia disrupt homeostasis?

it disrupts homeostasis by putting our body in stress. it fills our alveoli with mucus and our bronchiole is inflamed(not like fire but with mucus). and it shortens breathe.


What is taxonomy for the bacteria that causes pneumonia?

Streptococcus pneumoniae is only one type of pneumonia-causing organisms, although a common cause. There are too many bacteria that can cause pneumonia to list them all.