Secularism is the political philosophy of separating the institutions of government from those of religion. There are two main ways that secularism has been practiced: the "Uninvolved Model" as seen in the United States and Australia and the "Exclusivist Model" as seen in France and Turkey. In the former, the government takes no opinions on matters of religion and leaves each individual completely free to express his religion in the public forum. In the latter, religious institutions are progressively weakened by the state with the intent of allowing a non-religious pubic sphere to emerge.

1,514 Questions

How does secular humanism regard money and career?

Secular humanism does not, by its very nature, have an established position on "money and career". SH is simply the philosophical position that there is no preternatural meaning, purpose or power in the world and as such humans must find their moral paths as individuals.

So if you, as an individual, find money and a good career to be a goal worth pursuing, it is your prerogative to do so. If you do not, you are free to explore and find what you think will make you happiest in life.

Country Music

What country did secular music come from?

Secular music is non religious music. All countries had music of a non religious nature. Renaissance Italy developed musical notation and terminology. Some of the concepts date to Ancient Greek water organs. The United States includes people from many different cultures. English Plain Song combined with African rhythms created The Blues, a uniquely American form of music. George Gershwin combined Hungarian Gipsy with South Carolina Gullah.

Religion & Spirituality

What is the ideal symbol for Secularism?

A funnel, perhaps. The bottom point would represent the secular leader, the conical sides would represent his/her/its subordinates of various ranks, the contents of the funnel represent the power and wealth, provided by the initiated masses of believers, which the ranks of subordinates then 'funnel' to their leader. The initiated masses would be represented by the mouth of the funnel.

or the american flag, or a human being

Religion & Spirituality
The Difference Between

What are secular beliefs?

AnswerSecular systems use language and carved out content that is more open to interpretation and question. It is the root of confusion, devisiveness, and religious war in the world today. This gives explanation for various off-shoots and branched versions of primary and secondary doctrines seen in the world religions. Answer"Secular Belief" is probably a misnomer. Secularism is a modern movement seen most often in industrialized nations. The movement holds to untraditional ideas of subjective morality, separate of a religious grounding. It is often associated with Atheism due to the lack of religious tie-ins, but not all secularists are athiests. The movement mostly has to do with escaping age-old, strict ideas of religious morality. AnswerSecular beliefs are those that have nothing to do with any god, the God, or religion. AnswerSecular beliefs are based on Natural Law, while religious beliefs are based on supernatural or the divine. Answer"Secular Belief" is a misnomer. However one may still believe it best to live in a secular society. A country is defined as secular if it does not have a national religion and if it does not favour any religious belief over another, even atheism, in its laws. Some examples include Australia, Turkey and the USA. As a counter example, England has (or maybe used to have) a national religion and based many laws on, first of all, Catholicism and then Anglicanism.

The main "belief", if you like, of secularism is that all religions are equal and that moral, logical, reasonable judgments and opinions made in the interest of law should not be affected by religious doctrine but by the morality, logic and reason of those involved in the decision. The main purpose for having a country, state, society, etc. as being secular is that nobody can be persecuted for their beliefs or their belief system. It is a fairer system that is nearly always abused. For instance, in the USA, it is political suicide to announce that one is not a Christian and expressing any opinion not heard in Sunday mass seems blasphemous to the Senate.

Secularism is not a "modern" movement but is a necessary ideal for any multicultural society.

Skillet (Band)

Why is Skillet opening for secular bands now?

Skillet is now opening up for secular bands because Christian artists (like Skillet) sometimes get offered more than their usual pay to open up for secular bands since secular bands are more popular.

While most Christian artists refuse this generous offer, Skillet did not.


What is secular activity?

Non-religious activity.

Religion & Spirituality

What are the objective of a secular state?

What is the objective, or what are the objectives? There is no single answer. Basically, if you eliminate religion, you eliminate morality and human rights. Those in power will do whateverthey can to stay in power. Worst case - Nazi Germany. "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority."

[1887 LD. Acton Letter in Life & Letters of Mandel Creighton (1904) I. xiii.]

A religious state can be just as bad. Examples: extremist Islam (Iran, Saudi Arabia), India - Hindu and the treatment of the Dalits (Untouchables).

In the United States of America we have freedom OF (not from) religion thanks to our founding fathers. God and Judeo-Christianity is basic to the fabric and morality of the country without imposing it on anyone. As such, the US is a secular state. What is the objective of the government? Answer: The greater good of all the people of the country and, when possible, the rest of the world.


Does India still hold a secularist policy?

This is not a question for which there is a straight answer, such as "which is the biggest city in India." It is a matter for discussion. I can only present my own point of view and there may be many other points of view also.

India has a secularist constitution. It does not have a state religion but promotes religious tolerance in its constitution. All the laws of the country are required to be compatible with this constitution, and the system of government. Pakistan, by contrast, is not secularist. It has a state religion, Islam, and was founded in order to be an Islamic state, and in reaction to a concept of India in which peoples of all religions would live together.

However, all societies are constantly in the process of change. The survival of secularism in India depends on how successfully nations set up systems of cooperation within themselves, or to what extent they are really more committed to competition.

Owing partly to the continued hostilities between India and Pakistan on the basis of religion since the foundations of these two countries in 1947, and the terrible civil war that gave birth to the two nations, secularism has not only been denied in Pakistan but severely challenged in India. What ensures that secularism remains the only viable rational option is that India is a multi-faith, multilingual country. Abandonment of secularism can only lead to more conflict and suffering for its peoples.

The Hindu Right has a long record of struggle going back one thousand years to the first Muslin invasions. The history of India has been in one sense a dialiectic between the struggle of wise rulers to construct viable secular states (such as Akbar 1556-1605) and the attempts to impose a state religion (Aurangzeb 1658-1707). Out of this struggle emerged a sense of proto-nationhood based on religion among the Hindu majority, starting with Shivaji´s war against Aurangzeb. The Marathas have always been on the militant Hindu Right, for this reason. Rajasthan is another conservative area with a strong tradition of Hindu Right militancy and a proud Hindu militarist tradition. Elsewhere, where majority Hindus have to share space with significant minorities, especially Muslims, such as Gujarat, communal traditions are strained. Furthermore, the forces of the Hindu Right such as the RSS, VHP and their political party arm, the BJP, are all determined to impose Hindu majority rule to replace secularism in real terms, even though in terms of the constitution they remain secularist. In other words, BJP says that everyone can live in India provided they recognise that Hindus (meaning caste Hindus) come first and no conversions are allowed. This is not in the spirit of secularism as real secularism means that the government does not interfere in the free choice of individuals to decide where their faith affiliation lies.

The Congress Party has always been committed to secularism but its vote base has become increasingly dependent on that of minorities - Dalits, Muslims, scheduled castes, Christians etc. - who feel increasingly oppressed by the aggressive fascistic stance of the caste Hindu majority. The caste Hindu majority feel justified in this stance as they feel that in the attempt to build secularism in India, the needs of the majority have been left out over the more than half century since Independence in 1947.

There are two unresolved major problems rooted in India´s history for over one thousand years that underlie the struggles and conflicts in the Indian sub-continent today. One is the relationship between Hinduism and Islam. Kings, emperors, the British colonialist rulers, terrorist groups and modern politicians have mostly done their best to ensure that two religions cannot get along. Out of the conflicts they generate, they derive their power. The more trouble they are able to cause between the communities, the more they strengthen their hold on power. India and Pakistan as two states were actually born out of that very process of division.

Yet India has been enormously enriched and expanded in its development as a civilization out of the communication between the two civilisations. The The Agra Fort, the Sikh religion, Mughal painting, and Indian classical music are examples of the high points of this cross-fertilisation of two faiths. In many places in India, Hindu and Muslim communities have lived together in peace and friendship and learnt from each other. Then the politicians step in, create suspicion and hatred, and things fall apart.

The other factor is the struggle created by poverty and scarce resources. British colonialism increased the poverty of the Indian agricultural sector enormously as well as destroyed the Indian crafts industries - this is well-documented. The wealth of India was drained to build the palaces and castles of the "nabobs" who went back to England. The British aristocracy and the upstart "nabobs", between them, exploited both the British working class and the Indian masses.

The disparity in living standards between rich and poor in India reaches desperate levels and there are signs that it is getting worse. As India´s national income is reaching for the skies, the rich are becoming a much bigger class than they were and much richer. The absolute numbers of the poor, both rural and urban, are getting greater. Global communications have brought into the homes of the average poor Indians what the lifestyles of even ordinary people in wealthy nations are like, creating discontent. In the cities, poverty and detachment from village communities is creating insecurity and discontent as well as a breakdown in traditional cultural values. All this is effective breeding ground for the work of anti-secularist politicians.

Until it becomes clear through increasing awareness of the masses of BOTH countries, India and Pakistan, how they are being exploited by their leaders, how they are being made to compete and struggle with one another instead of fiding ways of cooperating in the common interest, secularism will remain in a state of tension. It cannot be eliminated, since India cannot function without it. If any party tried to really make India into a national Hindu state, it would lead eventually to civil war WITHIN India. But nor can secularism solve the problems of the country without, first, secularist governments making a serious effort to solve the problems of the Hindu majority by taking a strong line with the black economy and using the money to redistribute wealth to the masses of the Hindu majority. Second, Pakistanis will have to persuaded to abandon the Islamic state. This cannot be done without a revolution of some sort, since Pakistan was founded as an Islamic state. The Punjabi Pakistani landlord class stays in power and dominates its masses and its minorities (Baluchis, Sindhis, Pathans, all Muslims also) by stressing the conflict with "Hindu India" and diverting attention from its terrible problems of poverty and inequality. The Right wing always seeks diversions such as religious and national conflict to persuade the masses to make common cause with their own oppressors, the economic elite classes. This helps these very elite classes to stay in power.

In India, the elite Hindu landlord classes in the countryside use their high caste status combined with violence to suppress the ordinary cultivator, especially Dalits, Scheduled Castes and Muslims. They persuade the poor, struggling caste Hindu cultivator that at least they are of higher status than these minorities. Thus, social identity and status is used to blur the realities of class exploitation using the trap of caste status to give poor Hindus something to believe in and belong to and forget the reality that they are exploited by the landlord and moneylending classes.

When people all over the Indian sub-continent realise that cooperation and sharing, not competition, among their masses, are the answer to the problem, they will give up the drugs of religious conflict and the caste system and work out a new order. They will have to tackle the REAL problems of the Indian sub-continent - the problems of class, caste and unfair distribution of wealth. Hindu or Muslim, Christian or Dalit, all need to work together for this and kick out the landlord and moneylending classes that feed off them and use the very real record of religious and community conflict in the historical record to powerfully strengthen their position by setting various sections of the masses up against each other.

Secularism is a great ideal and a NECESSARY one for India to be a success. But for it to succeed in the end requires a transformation or resolution of all the historically rooted problems of India. This can only come about through awareness and this awareness reaching into the masses and cutting through the lies and manipulations of the politicians and vested interests.

It would also require in the end a REVERSAL of the settlement of 1947. Pakistan would have to disappear and a single INDIA be born again, firmly committed to fair distribution of wealth and harmonious relationship of communities of all faiths and persuasions. This requires cooperation from both Hindus and Muslims. The Hindu Right and the Islamists would have to be sidelined as terrorist groups and increasingly isolated and picked out by a powerful secularist state committed to the well-being of all communities and enjoying the support of the masses on both sides of the religious divide.

I think we are at least 150 years away from anything like this! Right now in India we are a secular state trying desperately to fight off the deadly work of communalist politicians, an aggressive caste system, while in Pakistan Islamic backed by the armed forces and supported by the landlord class keeps secularism at bay.

There is no way secularism in India can really strengthen its position beyond a lofty ideal enshrined in the constitution until Pakistan itself has "withered away."

Of course,yes and it is the secret of 60 Years of Happy democracy.From past to present no one religon kept at the top of the table or no one is under the table.From the case of Ram janmbhumi Babri mazid to the case of Ramsatu bibad the Gov looked all the religions from one and only one eye.

Religion & Spirituality

What does non secular mean?

it means Christian.

History, Politics & Society
History of Asia

How India is a secular country?

India is a secular country as there is no state religion in India.People can follow any religion they wish to follow.Everyone is equal in the eyes of the government.There is no discrimination on the basis caste, creed , religion etc.

Classical Music
Johann Sebastian Bach

Did Johann Sebastian Bach write more sacred or secular music?

Both, he composed religious and secular cantatas.


Where and why secularism began?

Secularism began with the division of church and state in Europe.

Ancient History

When did secular beliefs first start?

Pretty much as long as a belief in a god(s) and before when there was a lack of belief in god(s)

AnswerThe word was coined in 1846, but the thoughts and ideas had existed throughout Answer

Secularism is not associated with beliefs. It is not a system of belief. Secularism is concerned with worldly things and not the spiritual, religious or sacred. Secularism is a philosophy that promotes the separation of government institutions and the people who serve them from the various religious beliefs that circulate in our world. Belief describes the realm of religious holdings that are accepted in the complete absence of any proof. Surely, secularism predates the earliest religious beliefs since humanity needed to acquire a more complex brain in order to formulate religious belief systems. The earliest humans were simply not capable.

Skillet (Band)

Does Skillet have any secular songs?

As Skillet is a Christian rock band, most of their songs have a Christian meaning. However, Skillet's songs can also be put in a secular meaning as well. A lot of the band's songs can be turned into songs about suicide, drugs, and relationship issues.

Some of these songs include:

  • The Last Night

The secular meaning of this song is that someone is about to end their life, and someone special to them tells them not to end their life because they'll always be there.

  • Monster

Monster's secular meaning is hating what you have become because of your actions.

  • Should Have When You Could Have

This song's secular meaning is putting in all your love into someone, and the other person does not realize how much you care about them, and they leave you.

Skillet's songs can relate to everyday Christian life, but the band's songs can be put in a secular meaning too, as Skillet tours with secular rock bands.

Society and Civilization

What is meant by christian youths in secular society?

Secular World / Society is the society that is not related to a particular faith.

Like the sports society - has its own rules and nothing based on religion, more examples would be the government and its law, the scientific world, the Internet, the Educational patterns, the normal life itself deals with various parts that are non-adherent to the religious faith. like travelling in a town bus, a hotel, School student, working in a multinational office, a call center, business man , a shopping mall, all these are not developed on a religious faith.

But a Christian in expected to adhere to the faith and display his faith in all these places. Not by preaching but by living it. Every day and every breath.

Requires the youth in particular because Youth can face challenges and also succeed in it. Oldies - lost most of the life and not much challenges to face. neither do children. but as youth you face a lot of challenges. you can travel in a bus without ticket and loose your identity as a Christian, you can bribe and let people know you lost your testimony. you can shout at a defaulter and prove your incapability to control your anger

instead you can face challenges and win them by not copying in exam, excelling in work, helping in Church, Helping in hospital and poor and needy.

Basically - Love your neighbor as yourself - Love your Lord your God

this will help you in being a true Christian your in a secular society.


What is secular spirit?

This is a term used from the Renaissance time this mean that you are only worried about money and your socal status. Kind of the opposite of what the Medieval church wanted to happen.

Music Theory

What Medieval secular music exist in the popular music today?

Very little music from the Medieval era is present today. And even less so in the secular variety. The Medieval era was primarily religious, mostly stapled by Gregorian Chant, motets and organa. The little secular music came mostly from french musicians - northern wandering Trouveres and the southern Troubadours. Today, you would be VERY hard pressed to find any Medieval secular music in popular music today. Very little existed back then. And even fewer exist now.

Politics and Government
US Presidents
Elections and Voting
The Difference Between

What is a secular election?

A non-religious election

History, Politics & Society
Religion & Spirituality

How did the church increase secular power?

malkested children to get the power!

Music Genres

An example of secular music is the?


Christian Music

What is the difference between secular music and Christian music?

Secular music is music reflect the bad values and morals of human beings, often categorized as dangerous music. Music that causes you to think, do, or desire to do things against the Christian value system.

Christian music does the exact opposite. It reflects God's good nature, values and morals.

Don't be fooled by people expecting the word God to come up in every lyric for it to be Christian and the lack of a religious word in the song makes it secular. That is just based apon many Christians misunderstanding between church music and Christian music.


What is secularism?

Answer Quite basically, secularism refers to the belief that religion has no place in the day to day activities of governing bodies. eg. the view that public education and other matters of civil policy should be conducted without the introduction of a religious element.

Secularism does not reject or deny religion. In fact, it makes it possible for all religions to be recognized and respected by keeping religion out of public affairs. It has been erroneously aligned with godlessness by the religious extremists whose intent has always been to erode the barrier between church and state. Many people who participate in various religions are also secularists.


What is secular music?

Secular music is non-religious music. The word"Secular" basically means worldly. Another word for "Secular" is Mainstream.

For example:

Music that you'd hear at a church would be considered "Christian music" or "religious music."

Music that you'd hear on modern rock radio is considered "secular" or "mainstream."


What is the opposite of secular?

The opposite of secular would be religious or spiritual.

Secular means of or relating to the doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations. Therefore the opposite to this has to be spiritual i.e concerned with sacred matters or religion or the church. The peoples of the world today are basically secular.

The opposite of secular is "theocratic". It means a form of government by God or through a priestly order e.g: France or Pakistan.


What is secular society?

A secular society is a society that runs on a non-religious basis. In other words, legislators and government officials are generally barred from imposing laws or policies with the intent of furthering a particular religious agenda. Also, religious considerations do not overrule the civil legal structure. Overall the legal, legislative, and administrative processes in a secular society operate independently of any religious beliefs whatsoever.

A secular society need not be actively anti religious, however. It must simply maintain a separation of powers between the religious establishment and the civil institutions. Indeed, some consider a secular society to be better equipped to protect the equality and freedom of all contingent religions, because no single faith is given a primacy of influence in the structure of the society.


Good examples are generally the Western European nations where religion is personal and separate from politics. This is in theory the United States but obviously not. A secular society is primarily to keep a majority religion/set of beliefs from persecuting another and therefore in theory keeps any religions from gaining the power and backing of the government.


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