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Stone Castles

Questions about the stone castles that were built in the 11th century just after the motte and bailey castles. The stone castles still exist today.

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What are the advantages and disadvantages of Stone Keep castles?

Here are the advantages and disadvantages of Stone Keep Castles (Stone Castles): Advantages

  • They don't rot within a few decades but will last for centuries to come
  • They don't burn as the castles are made of stone
  • They are very strong as the stone that the castles are made from are very heavy
  • The Stone Keep Castles have very high walls meaning that any attackers that come can't fire arrows over it, but the defenders are able to shoot arrows back over the walls because they are on top of them
  • The towers in Stone Keep Castles are massive meaning that the attackers not to be able to shoot arrows up but enabling the defenders to shoot arrows off the tower
  • The walls are a few meters thick making it really hard to knock down
  • They have arrow slits in the walls which are useful for the defenders to shoot arrows out of at the attackers
  • The drawbridge are usually thick so the attackers battering ram can't get through
Disadvantages
  • Although the walls are high enough for arrows not being able to shoot over. The attackers can still fire rocks, pigs & other missiles by a trebuchet or a catapult
  • The towers are a one way path up to the top so if a few attackers are coming up the tower, the defenders don't have anywhere to go
  • These type of castles are very expensive to build unlike their previous castles the Motte and Bailey castles
  • Stone Keep castles are also very heavy making them hard to build
  • Once getting through the drawbridge there was an open area where all the attacking soldiers could kill the defenders
  • People can undermine and knock the corners of the castle down
  • They took a long time to build
  • More specialized skills were needed to build them

Basically, all in all, the stone keep castles were a very good castle to have a the time given the circumstances that happened at that time.

If this isn't useful then please edit or feedback as not useful.

Thank you xx

Advantages
  • They don't rot within a few decades but will last for centuries to come (They still stand today)
  • They don't burn as the castles are made of stone (obviously)
  • They are very strong as the stone that the castles are made from are very heavy
  • The Stone Keep Castles have very high walls meaning that any attackers that come can't fire arrows over it, but the defenders are able to shoot arrows back over the walls because they are on top of them
  • The towers in Stone Keep Castles are massive meaning that the attackers not to be able to shoot arrows up but enabling the defenders to shoot arrows off the tower
  • The walls are a few meters thick making it really hard to knock down
  • They have arrow slits in the walls which are useful for the defenders to shoot arrows out of at the attackers
  • The drawbridge are usually thick so the attackers battering ram can't get through
Disadvantages
  • Although the walls are high enough for arrows not being able to shoot over, the attackers can still fire rocks, pigs or whatever they can find out of a trebuchet or a catapult
  • The towers are a one way path up to the top so if a few attackers are coming up the tower, the defenders don't have anywhere to go
  • These type of castles are very expensive to build unlike their previous castles the Motte and Bailey castles
  • Stone Keep castles are also very heavy making them hard to build
  • Once getting through the drawbridge there was an open area where all the attacking soldiers could kill the defenders
  • people burry and nock the corners of the castle down
  • They took a long time to build
  • More specialized skills were needed to build them

What were the strengths and weaknesses of the stone keep castle?

Strengths:

  • Hard to shoot arrows through narrow windows
  • Fire can't burn stone
  • Battering ram would have extreme difficulty in damaging walls

Weaknesses:

  • Catapults can tear the stone
  • Ladders can be used to invade castle easily
  • Castle defenders won't be able to see afar from low ground

What are the weaknesses of a Motte and Bailey Castle?

The Wooden castles were not very strong and they caught fire easily many attackers used fire arrows. A battering ram could be used to breach the palisade. The keep was the last line of defence. As well as this, the wood rots quite quickly.
The walls were made of wood, which made protecting them from fire difficult. The defenders would try cover them with wet hides during an attack, but this would not always work.

They were also vulnerable to attacks by battering ram or catapult.

What are motte and bailey castles?

A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle. It was made of wood and many were built in Britain and France in the 11th and 12th centuries. Each took 7 to 14 days to build. There were very few Celtic/pre-norman motte and bailey castles. The Normans brought motte and bailey castles in packages like make your own furniture. The main weakness of the motte and bailey castle was that they were usually wooden and therefore burned easily.

Parts of the motte and bailey castleKeep- The safest and highest part of the castle. The last line of defence.

Motte- usually buily by the local English people. About 15 meters high. There could be more than one.

Wodden Bridge- this led from the bailey to the starts climbing the motte.

Bailey- A large yard with storeroom, kitchens, stables and guardrooms. There could be more than one.

Palisade- the wooden fence surrounding the bailey.

Gateway & Drawbridge- the entrance to the bailey, guarded by the baron's soldiers.

Ditch- when filled with water it was know as a moat.

What kind of castle did William build?

=Wooden in 1066 on words because they were cheap and quick but then he built the with stone and brick.=

Is Conisbrough castle a typical castle?

== == Castles had some common features, but there was no such thing as a typical castle. They were built over different times by different people with different materials.

What do castles normally have?

Features of castles changed greatly throughout the centuries. A motte and bailey castle, for example, prevalent in France after the viking invasion and England after 1066, consisted of a huge mound of earth with a tower on top. An early stone castle consisted of one stone keep, sometimes huge in size (e.g Rochester) and perhaps a ditch around the outside.
After this, castles got fancy. The idea of a keep was abandoned and a concentric castle was developed- no keep, just really strong curtain walls, with mural towers (towers in the wall) The gatehouse became the strongest point of a castle, with either two or one towers protecting it, depending on the date it was built in. Arrow slits were an early development, and when guns were used, they were often adapted to accomodate guns too. A good example of a castle like this is Caerphilly, built by Edward I in the late 12th century.

Where were square keep castles build?

stone keep castles were built on large steep hills

hope this helps xxx

When was Warwick Castle built?

William the conqueror built a wooden Motte and Bailey Castle there in 1068. This Motte and Bailey design was replaced with a stone keep castle in 1260. For more details on this question, visit one of the related links below.

How would you attack Warwick castle in medieval times?

First you would perhaps besiege the castle which is to surround it. You could then send sappers in which are people that did under the castle walls and then set fire to the wall with pig fat. on a stone keep castle, sappers would often dig under the corner of the castle as here, their were no windows so nobody could see what they were doing! Next, you could use a siege tower to climb over the castle walls, and then you could use long bowers to shoot arrows over the castle walls. Then, you would use a trebauchet (pronounced: TREBUCHAY) and a mangonel which are both forms of catapults! You would load the catapult with animal carcases, dead bodies and rocks! you could also use a battering ram to ram down a wall or door. A battering ram was a tree trunk with a metal ram head on the front. It would be hauled into walls or doors! Hope this helped!!

Why are stone keep castles called stone keep castle?

This is because the keep itself is made out of Stone.

they were built in medieval times.

Does windsor castle have a ditch?

Windsor Castle did have a ditch (moat) up until Charles II had it filled in in the 1700s.The moat was never filled with water though, as the castle is built upon chalk. Any water would have sunk straight through.

Where did they build keeps?

They built keeps on hills like motte and Bailey castles but keeps were more different they were stronger and made of stone unlike motte and bailey castles, motte and Bailey castles were mostly made out of wood.

hope this information helps !

What is the difference between concentric and stone keep castles?

The difference between a stone keep castle and a concentric castle is that a stone keep castle had hardly any defence. The only defence was their high walls. But the concentric castles had loads of walls surounding them. The word 'concentric' actually means with common middle point: describes circles and spheres of different sizes with the same middle point.

Why was Windsor Castle built?

It was built as defensive outpost for the Tower of London about a days

march away in 1070. Henry II converted in to stone 100 years later.

let me know if this helped

Why was the Warwick Castle built?

To protect England from another war, it was an order from William the Conquerer.

What's the difference between a Motte and Bailey castle and a stone castle?

A Motte and bailey castle is made of mud and wood and a stone castle is made of stone. A Motte and Bailey castle sets on fire easily, Rots and isn't very strong. Stone castles, however Does not set on fire easily, doesn't rot and is very strong.

Stone castles also have turrets and extra walls for added safety.