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Taj Mahal

Questions and information about the famous Taj Mahal monument in India.

3,090 Questions

Where is the Taj Mahal located?

Taj Mahal is located in Agra, Uttarpradesh India.

Why Qutub Minar is closed for normal people?

a few teenagers committed suicide after climbing the qutub minar. so it was closed for ordinary citizens to avoid similar incidents from happening in the future

How was the Taj Mahal built?

The Taj Mahal was built with 20,000 workers out of white marble.

What city is the Taj Mahal located in?

It is located near Agra, in Uttar Pradesh state, India.

Who built the Taj Mahal?

Taj Mahal is a part of the pre-Muslim fort built by the Rajput Kings; it was not built by any Muslim but a Muslim king called Shah Jehan took it from a Rajput king Jagat Singh and remodelled it by putting two red mosques on two sides of a white temple of Siva.

The whitle marble building faces East, according to Hindu religion. There are motifs of flowers, plants which are prohibited in Islamic building. On the top dome there is lotus, cocoanut, trident, all Hindu symbol.

Like most buildings Muslims who came to India as barbarian Arab, Mongol, Turks could only convert the buildings into Mosques as they did also in Istanbul.

How did Mumtaz Mahal die?

Mumtaz Mahal died shortly after giving birth to her fourteenth child in 1631 at Burhanpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Her fourteenth and last child Gauhar Ara Begum survived and lived up to 1706. The mausoleum of Mumtaz Mahal, popularly known as the Taj Mahal, is world famous.

How long did it take to build the Taj Mahal?

The construction of the main building of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India, lasted nearly 22 years, from 1632 to 1653. However, its two outlying buildings (one is a mosque) were completed in 1643, and the main mausoleum was finished in 1648 and built by shah Jahan

Where is the Taj Mahal and who was it built for?

The Taj Mahal is a World Heritage Site and it is a symbol of love in India. It was built for Mumtaz Mahal, a beloved wife of Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor of India between 1632 and 1648. It is in the Agra district of Uttar Pradesh state.

History says that Shah Jahan greatly loved his wife Mumtaz Mahal, and when she died, he ordered a magnificent mausoleum built for her. Both he and his wife are buried there.

How can you stop taj mahal from getting polluted?

avoid building of industries near it and stop global warming

What is the brief history of Taj Mahal?

History Of Taj Mahal

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For centuries, the Taj Mahal has inspired poets, painters and musicians to try and capture its elusive magic in word, colour and song. It is one of the most flawless architectural creations of the world. Since the 17th century, travellers have crossed continents to come and see this ultimate memorial to love, and few have been unmoved by its incomparable beauty.

Taj Mahal stands in the city of Agra, in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, on the banks of the Yamuna River. It was built in the memory of the beautiful Arjumand Bano Begum, who won the heart of a Mughal prince. She was married at 21 to Emperor Jahangir's third son Prince Khurram and stayed loyally by his side through good times and bad: in the luxurious royal palaces of Agra as well as the transient tents of war camps. In AD 1628, Khurram became king after a bloody battle of succession: he took the name Shahjahan or "King of the World" and showered his beloved begum with the highest titles. She became Mumtaz Mahal, the exalted of the palace and Mumtaz-ul-Zamani, the exalted of the Age. But Mumtaz Mahal was not destined to be queen for long.

In 1631, Shahjahan went on an expedition to the south and, as always, Mumtaz Mahal accompanied him. But she died in childbirth at Burhanpur. She had borne Shahjahan fourteen children, of whom four sons and three daughters survived. When Mumtaz Mahal died, she was just 39 years old. Shahjahan was inconsolable and contemporary chronicles tell of the royal court mourning for two years. there was no music, no feasting, and no celebration of any kind.

Epitome Of Love -Taj Mahal

Shahjahan, who was a passionate builder, now decided to erect a memorial to his queen in pristine marble that the world would never forget. The site selected for the tomb was a garden by the Yamuna river, unshadowed by any other structure. The garden had been laid by Raja Man Singh of Amber and now belonged to his grndson, Raja Jai Singh. By a royal firman, Shahjahan gave Jai Singh four havelis in exchange for the garden. The site was also chosen because it was located on a bend in the river, and so could be seen from Shahjahan's personal palace in Agra Fort, further upstream.

Construction Of The Mausoleum - Taj Mahal

Work on the mausoleum began in 1633 and 20,000 workers laboured for 17 years to build it. The most skilled architects, inlay craftsmen, calligraphers, stone-carvers and masons came from all across Indian and lands as distant as Persia and Turkey. The master mason was from Baghdab, an expert in building the double dome from Persia, and an inlay specialist from Delhi.

Yemen sent agates, the corals came from Arabia, the garnets from Bundelkhand, onyx and amethyst from Persia. Mumtaz Mahal's final resting-place was ornamented like a queen's jewel-box.

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Why was the Taj Mahal built?

The Taj Mahal was built by an Emperor called Shah Jahan to remember his wife Mumtaz Mahal. She was his third wife, and as she neared death, the story goes that she asked her husband to build the most beautiful mausoleum in the world in memory of her. Shah Jahan was grief-stricken at his wife's death, so he honored her request.

The Taj Mahal's construction commenced a year after her death, in 1632, and the main building was finished in 1648.

How much did it cost to build the Taj Mahal?

The cost was about 32 million India rupees during the years 1632-1653.

Back then, one rupee was worth 30 Dutch stuivers. Five stuivers were worth 6 British pence. It takes 240 pence to make a British pound.

With this information you can figure that in 1640, one rupee was worth 0.15 British pounds. That means the Taj Mahal cost 4.8 million British pounds in 1640.

Using an inflation calculator for the British pound, I determined that a British pound in 1640 is worth 141 British pounds today. So that means the Taj Mahal cost 678,800,000 of today's British pounds.

Converting that to today's American dollars gives the Taj Mahal a cost in modern American dollars of:

$1,062,834,098

When was the Taj Mahal built?

Taj Mahal is a part of the pre-Muslim fort built by the Rajput Kings; it was not built by any Muslim but a Muslim king called Shah Jehan took it from a Rajput king Jagat Singh and remodelled it by putting two red mosques on two sides of a white temple of Siva. The whitle marble building faces East, according to Hindu religion. There are motifs of flowers, plants which are prohibited in Islamic building. On the top dome there is lotus, cocoanut, trident, all Hindu symbol. Like most buildings Muslims who came to India as barbarian Arab, Mongol, Turks could only convert the buildings into Mosques as they did also in Istanbul.

What is the reason for change in color of marbles in tajmahal?

The reason for change in color of marbles is due to acid rain. This acid rain is due to the fumes released from factories in near by towns like Mathura. Also since wind direction is always from mathura towards Agra Tajmahal is greatly affected by acid rain.

How many times was the Taj Mahal built?

It was only ever built once.

Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 the central building was completed in 1648 and the surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later.

What is the Taj Mahal?

It is an ornate white marble building located in the city of Agra in India. It was constructed by a Mogul emperor as a tomb for his favorite wife (completed 1648).

(see related question)

When was the taj mahal added to the world heritage list?

The Taj Mahal was listed in UNESCO World heritage sites in 1983. The Taj Mahal is a great mausoleum of white marble. It was built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife in Agra. It took around 17 years to complete. It is a precious jewel of Muslim archaology in India.

How many workers worked in the construction of Taj Mahal?

  • 22,000 laborers and 1,000 elephants were used for services of taj mahal

Effect of pollution on historical monuments?

For many historians the effect of pollution on historical sites is a daily battle. Acid rain and smog eat into marble causing small holes in the stone. The Acropolis in Greece is one of main sites that is having this problem. All over the world buildings and historical sites are having problems with pollution and the growth of cities near the site. The Spinx is crumbling and through the centuries various repairs have been done to it, but that has only aided the damage from smog and traffic. The Roman Colosseum sits in the middle of a traffic circle in Rome. Repairs have been ongoing on the Colosseum and several sections have been rebuilt. In the United States civil war battle sites fight the growth of cities and malls. In some sites a malls form a boundary to the battle site. Natural forces also take their toll on historical sites. Mt. Rushmore is worked on because the granite cracks due to the snow, heat, rain, and pollution. Our national parks are dying because the trees are dying from drought, pollution, and insects. Once all of these things are gone they can not be replaced and hundreds if not thousands are in trouble because of pollution.

What materials were used to build the Taj Mahal?

the Taj Mahal was supposedly made out of gold and marble.
To build the Taj Mahal Shah Jahan needed: marble, jasper, jade, crystal, turquoise, sapphire & carnelian.
White Marble
The basic structure of Taj Mahal is made up from White marble. However, one may find some amount of black marble and certain kinds of precious gemstones used for decoration.
The taj is made up of all these, but mainly the white marble.

Marble

Jasper

Jade

Crystal

Turquoise

Sapphire

Carnelian