Wars of the Roses

A specific period in English history (1455-1487) when descendants of King Edward III fought over the throne of England.

2,135 Questions

Who was King Henry VII's wife?

King Henry VII of England, previously Henry Tudor, Duke of Richmond, had become King by defeating King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field on 22nd August 1485. This brought to an end the long and bloody civil war known as The Wars of the Roses.

His wife was Elizabeth of York, born on 11th February 1466, the daughter of King Edward IV of England and his wife, Elizabeth Woodville. Henry Tudor and Elizabeth were betrothed in 1483, and when Elizabeth's father died, Richard moved to make himself the King of England.

Following this, Henry Tudor invaded England from France and became King of England. By marrying Elizabeth, he united the warring families of Lancaster and York - descendants of King Edward III and this was one of the means by which he ensured that the civil war would not break out again.

Henry VII and Elizabeth were parents of Arthur, Prince of Wales and his younger brother, Henry who became Henry VIII. When Arthur died aged 16, they tried to produce another baby to ensure the succession to the crown.

A baby girl - Katherine was born and died on 2nd February 1503. Elizabeth contracted an infection following the birth and she died on 11th February 1503 - her 37th birthday. She is buried in the Lady Chapel at Westminster Abbey in London.
King Henry VII only had one wife, Elizabeth of York. His son, King Henry VIII had 6 wives, Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Pharr.

Why is The Tudor Rose made out of two colors?

It is made out of two colours because red represents Lancaster and Henry Tudor fought for them before he became king. And white for York because Henry Tudors wife Elizabeth of York, before they loved each other fought for York. And when they married they brought, the two of the colours together and the Tudor rose was born.

How did shakespeare portray Richard III?

Shakespeare portrayed Richard as a deformed and ugly hunchback who would do anything to become king. Through his soliloquies in Henry VI Part 3 ("Ay,

Edward will use women . . .") and Richard III ("Now is the winter of our discontent") we know that he feels he cannot play the flirting games of the court and so determines to plot his way to the crown. He sees himself as, and proves himself to be, a sly manipulator of the opinions of others, inveigling his brother Edward to incarcerate his other brother Clarence, and making it look like he has to be forced to take the crown when it is exactly what he wants. He is even able, in a wonderful and bizarre scene, to persuade Lady Anne (who in the play is mourning the death of her father-in-law

and husband both of whom Richard killed) to set aside her hate and marry him. The theatrical scene in which he accuses Hastings also shows his ability to use stagecraft to manipulate others.

Through all this, he shows no loyalty for anyone, killing off members of his family, including his two brothers, his two nephews and his wife without remorse, and doing the same for his erstwhile ally Buckingham. He is utterly selfish and totally without conscience.

Everyone should know that the historical accounts from which Shakespeare drew this picture were written by Tudor historians trying to make the extremely flimsy claim to the throne of Richmond, later to become Henry VII and Queen Elizabeth's grandfather, look better than it was by making Richard, the guy he replaced, look worse. Historically, Richard was not deformed or ugly and was extremely devoted to his brother Edward, much more so than his brother George Duke of Clarence was. In all likelihood the only people he could have murdered were his nephews, the "Princes in the Tower". There is no evidence at all about the princes, giving a base for his enemies to work off of.

Who had the best claim to the throne in 1066?

The Person who had the best claim to the throne is Harold godwinson. This is because he had the stingiest relationship to King Edward. Also Harold was the only One that was declaired King by the Wotan. The witan were the kings advisitory council

Was Richard III greedy?

That depends on your definition of greed.

After the death of his brother Edward, Richard was made regent and protector of his nephews, Edward and Richard. However, shortly afterward, Richard III had declared that his brother's wedding was invalid and his sons were bastards, taking them out of the line for the throne, and making himself King. That may seem like greed but, in the English court, it was rather par of the course. Richard's older brother George, the middle child of the three, sided with anyone and everyone who he thought might get Edward out and put him on the throne. King Edward's own advisors turned on him the moment he started favoring families other than their own. The one thing that can be said for the Yorks and Lancasters was that they were ALL greedy for the throne.

Richard III was widely disliked by his sister-in-law's family, the Woodvilles. Richard first began his climb to the throne by having them killed, in that case it was a kill or be killed situation. He feared what a boy-king would do to the country which was why his nephews were locked in the tower out of the way, but when he eventually came to the point of declaring himself king it is fair to say that he had been overcome by greed although this was not his initial intention from the start.

What caused the war of the roses?

The War of the Roses was an English conflict between two royal houses of Britain: the Lancastrians and the Yorkists. The cause of the War of the Roses was a long-term disagreement on which family should hold the crown. Because the Yorkists were descended from the second son of Edward III, they had a better claim to the throne. (The eldest son of Edward III, the Back Prince had a son Richard II, who's crown was taken by Henry IV, a Lancastrian. Richard II died childless.)

Did Richard III murder King Edward IV?

No. Edward died suddenly of a chill after coming back from a day's fishing. He was only forty, but his system had been weakened by too much good living.

What was the jetty in the Tudor times?

"Jettying" was a medieval building technique popular during the Tudor Period. It involves the upper floor projecting out beyond beyond the dimensions of the lower floor.

How it was the relationship between Serafina Delle Rose and Rosario Delle Rose in the rose tattoo by Tennessee Williams?

Serafina was Rosario's widow in the Rose Tattoo. Serafina worshipped Rosario and was blind to his faults including his affair with another woman. The play is about Serafina's transformation from being Rosario's mindless groupie to (nothing without him) to a woman who comes into her own.

Was Richard III a villain or a good king who was wrongly accused by kings and authors who came after him?

It is not clear that he was a particularly bad king by the standards of the late fifteenth century - a grim period when said standards were not especially high - but he certainly wasn't a very successful one. Following the death of his brother, Edward IV, in April 1483, Richard "discovered" a technical flaw in Edward's marriage, which rendered the children illegitimate. On the strength of this, he assumed the throne as Richard III. Edward's two sons, the deposed King Edward V (age 12) and his brother Richard (10) were held in the Tower of London, and never seen or heard from again after the Summer of 1483. Rumours soon began spreading that the "Princes in the Tower" had been murdered, with the new king as the principal suspect. At Christmas 1483 the Lancastrian pretender, Henry Tudor, made a solemn pledge in Rennes Cathedral to marry their sister, Elizabeth of York. This was a move to broaden his support by attracting Yorkists as well as Lancastrians, but made no political sense if the Princes were still alive, since while they lived Elizabeth was not her father's heiress. So Henry's action was pointless unless not only he, but more importantly the Yorkists he was courting, now believed the Princes to be dead. Richard could have broken this alliance at any time, simply by producing the Princes alive, but made no attempt to do so. His only answer to the problem was apparently to ignore it and hope that it would go away. It didn't. The first revolt against Richard broke out in late 1483, and to widespread amazement the Duke of Buckingham, hitherto Richard's closest ally, joined it. However, exceptionally bad weather stopped the rebel armies from making any progress, and the revolt collapsed. Buckingham was duly beheaded. Henry Tudor set sail to join it, but his ships were scattered by a storm, and on reaching the English coast he learned of its failure and returned to Brittany. The Duchess of Buckingham disguised her five year old son as a girl, and went into hiding in Herefordshire, not to surface until after Richard's death. In 1484, Richard suffered a major blow with the death of his young son, Prince Edward. This led to reports that he would divorce (or even murder) his now barren wife, Anne Neville, and remarry to his niece, Elizabeth of York. The truth or otherwise of this cannot be determined, but in late 1484 the former Queen, Elizabeth Woodville, wrote to her son the earl of Dorset (EoY's half-brother, then in exile with Henry Tudor) advising him to return to England and make his peace with Richard. Dorset tried to do so but was recaptured. This strongly suggests that a reconciliation between Richard and the Woodville family was in the wind. Also, at about this time Henry put out feelers for a possible marriage to Katherine Herbert, daughter of his former guardian the Yorkist Earl of Pembroke. This would have strengthened Henry's support in Wales, where he intended to land, but was a poor substitute for the other match, and would never have been entertained unless he had reason to fear that Elizabeth of York was beyond his reach. So something was clearly going on. Whatever the truth of the matter, the rumours continued and increased after Queen Anne's death (of natural causes as far as we know) in March 1485. Richard then proclaimed to an assembly of Lords and clergy that he had never intended to marry his niece. According to the Croyland Chronicle, he was dissuaded by his close allies, Lords Catesby and Ratcliffe, who feared for their futures if the Woodvilles returned to power, and argued that his followers in the north (mostly Neville retainers, and Richard's staunchest allies) would turn against him if they felt he had "slighted" the late Queen. From here on, political solutions were exhausted, and Richard's only option was to kill or capture Henry. He sought the latter's extradition from Brittany, but Henry was warned and escaped to France. Shortly after, he sailed to Wales with a small group of supporters and mercenaries, landing at Milford Haven on August 7. Advancing through Wales and the Midlands, Henry gathered modest support but most English barons remained on the sidelines, and when the two armies met at Bosworth (or "Redemore") somewhere west of Leicester, on August 22, his forces were still apparently outnumbered. However, several armies of uncertain loyalty were also present, notably those of Lord Stanley, his brother Sir William, and Henry Percy Earl of Northumberland. In the event, Lord Stanley and Northumberland remained passive, but Sir William (who was almost certainly secretly committed to Henry Tudor) intervened at a crucial moment and gave Henry the victory. Richard, fighting valiantly to the end, perished in the midst of his foes. Henry Tudor then became King Henry VII. The question of Richard's guilt or innocence of killing his nephews remains to this day a passionate subject for debate. He was certainly the one in the best position to do the deed, but an anonymous London chronicle states that it was done "by vyse (advice? device?) of the Duke of Bokinghame", which has led to the suggestion that Buckingham may have been the guilty party. If so, of course, one must wonder why Richard never accused him of the crime. Far less credible is the suggestion that the Princes were still alive in the Tower in August 1485, and were killed by Henry VII. Evidence for this is somewhere between negligible and zero, since if the Princes were alive, Richard would have had every reason to divide his enemies by making this known, and indeed to conceal the fact amounted to suicide. Guilty or innocent, Richard totally failed either to break up the opposition to his rule, or rally adequate support against it. For a man who chose the motto "Loyauté Me Lye" (Loyalty Binds Me) he was singularly unsuccessful at attracting such loyalty from others, with the result that, justly or unjustly, his enemies got to write the history books.

Why were the house of Lancaster and the house of york fighting?

Each family ,York and Lancaster ,believed that they had a legitimate claim to the throne of England.

Which country is the rose indigenous to?

The species and wild roses originated on the continents of North America, Europe, and Asia. Rose fossils have been found in all of those areas.

What are the goals of Philip II and how did he achieve them?

Philip's goal was to lead a united Macedonian and Greek army to conquer the Persian Empire as revenge for its invasion in 480 bc

Who was Henry vii's second wife?

King Henry VII had only one wife. He considered marrying Catherine of Aragon after her first husband, his son Prince Arthur, died. She eventually married his other son, King Henry VIII instead.

His son, King Henry VIII famously married six times.

See the related questions below.

Is there a difference between red rose and yellow rose?

Red and White roses identified the two factions ( York and Lancaster) in the British (Wars of the Roses) the plural use is correct- there were several battles and campaigns involved. Yellow roses did not figure in the conflict.

Can you draw the Tudor rose?

First draw a mustard-coloured circle, then add five whitepetals around it. Draw another five red petals around the outside and add some green pointed leaves to the gaps between the where the petals connect to each other.

What types of swords were used in The Battle of Bosworth Field?

Most sword types are generally identified by the Oakeshott Typology, a series of types classed by roman numbering, created by the historian Ewart Oakeshott in the 1950's to 1990's.

Around the wars of the roses, five of these types were in regular use: Type XV and XVa, XVII, XVIII and XIX. Websites such as "" have in-depth features about each of these types, for more detailed information.

The detail differences between each type are very marginal, and consist of details such as how tapering the blade is, or if it is a diamond cross section, or have a groove (the fuller) in the middle. For most people, the different types will look exactly the same to each other.

However, as a general summary, most swords in use would have been either single handed "arming" swords, with a blade of about 28 to 30 inches length, tapering to an acute point, with a straight cross and a rounded wheel-shaped pommel, or they would be hand and a half longswords with a longer blade of 35-36 inches, a larger cross-guard, a longer grip able to be held by both hands, and a more bulbous, doorknob-shaped pomel which fits into the hand better when used two-handed.

Was Henry the 7th from the house of york?

No. He was a Lancastrian - rather a junior one, but most of the others had been killed in the war.

It was Edward IV and Richard III who were Yorkists.

What were Henry III Tudor's problems when he took the throne?

Henry 111 was a Plantagenate not a Tudor. He was the son of John, and thus the great- grandson of Geoffrey of Anjou. The first Tudor king was Henry V11, a descendent of Katherine of France (widow of Henry V) and Owen Tudor on his father's side, and of John of Gaunt and his mistress Katheryn Swynford, on his mother's.

What caused the Iraqi war?

The act of terrorism supposedly started during 9/11, but uneasiesness was going on long before that. Then it was the fact of religious believes within the country. My bet is that is fighting for World Power and it's the oil that the U.S. government is interested in.

Which war does War of the Roses refer too?

A series of dynastic struggles between branches of England's royal family. At the time it was known as "The Cousin's War".