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Leather is the skin of animals: deer, cow, calf, sheep and goat were the main animals used, but others were sometimes added to this list.

Leather had to be processed to prevent it rotting; sheep, goat and calfskin was often simply part-rotted, de-haired and scraped clean of fat and flesh, then washed, dried and scraped repeatedly to make parchment or vellum for writing.

Leather for belts, straps, bags, sword scabbards, knife sheaths and other items was either tanned or tawed; tanning used the bark of oak or other trees which is full of the chemical tannin, giving the finished leather a bright reddish-brown finish and preserving it quite effectively. Tawing used alum, oil, eggyolks and salt in place of tannin to create white leather (but this was far less resistant to rotting).

All types of leather could be softened by covering it in warm dog manure or cold chicken droppings. All leather-working processes could also include the use of stale urine. The smell must have been obvious for a wide distance around the leather-working workshop.

Good quality leather goods were decorated in various ways: metal punches could emboss a repeat pattern, or metal tools could engrave decoration, or coloured silk stitches might be added to shoes or belts.

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โˆ™ 2011-10-17 12:20:02
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Q: How was leather made in the middle ages?
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Related Questions

Was leather worn in the Middle Ages?

During the Middle Ages, leather was quite commonly worn, especially for belts and shoes.

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Leather aprons over wool tunics.

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A cordwainer was a person who made high quality shoes, boots, and products out of soft leather for wealthy people. There is a link below.

What did a tanner do in the middle ages?

This is a person who tanned leather. It was a long process to prepare leather and rather stinky so they lived outside of towns, not in.

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men would wear a baggy shirt ang trouses made from a thin material and wemon would were a stright dress some made from leather.

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The fall of Rome created the situation that made the middle ages.

How did they make farm tools in the middle ages?

Farm tools were mostly manufactured by local blacksmiths. Some parts of tools were made by carpenters or leather workers. People who did these jobs were often serfs on a manor who had special skills. One of the important inventions of the Middle Ages was the grinding wheel, which made sharpening blades faster.

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it was made of steel plates

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What did blacksmiths wear in the middle ages?

Blacksmiths would wear simple clothes under thick leather aprons. The leather was protection against sparks and hot parts.

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