A penalty kick is the method of restarting play when a defender commits a direct free kick offense within their own penalty area. There are 10 direct free kick offenses listed in the Laws of the Game.
Play is stopped.
The goalkeeper must be on the goal line, between the posts, and facing forward until the kick is taken.
All non-kicking players must be outside of the penalty area, outside of the penalty arc, and behind the ball until the kick is taken. The ball is placed on the penalty mark.
The whistle is blown.
The kicking player may stutter step, but not stop, and must kick the ball once the plant foot is down.
The kicking player may not touch the ball a second time until another player has touched it.