Why did the night of broken glass happen?
The Night of Broken Glass is also known as Kristallnacht in German. It happened on November 9 and 10, 1938 as a series of attacks against the Jews in Nazi Germany. It was a way to terrify the Jews and capture them to kill or confine to concentration camps.
In German it means " Night of the broken glass" - a reference to the smashed windows of Jewish-owned shops. In the context of the pogrom of 9-10 November 1938 Kristall refers to the broken glass resulting from the deliberate destruction of Jewish businesses, especially shops. Like most shops, many of these had high quality lead crystal glass windows (shop fronts). In German Nacht mean night, and so Kristallnacht is generally translated into English as…
The Night of the Broken Glass (Kristallnacht in German) was a massive pogrom the length and breadth of Germany (which at that time included Austria and parts of the Czech Republic). Those Jews who could do so left Germany. See also this question: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_Kristallnacht_and_why_is_it_a_significant_event