Totally depending on where you are from. If you're from the US then you may just be considered a run away if you are under 16. If you are 16, or older then im sure you can leave home, but make sure your parent/parents... know where you are going, and when you will be back. But if you have a good reason to be separating yourself from your parent/parents (e.g. any kind of abuse) then you might want to contact someone who can help you out in finding a safe environment to be in. Otherwise in Canada, you can legally move out at 16, without your parents permission, and the most the police would do is make sure you are not in danger in any kind of way.
This depends upon the age of the child and the child's maturity. Generally, in New York State when a child is fourteen (14) years old the Judge gives great deference to the child's wishes. Living with one parent also depends on the best interests of the child; perhaps one parent does not have an suitable housing for the child. That is a consideration, and even if the child is 14 years old and desires to live with that parent, the parent with inadequate housing might not get custody. Mildred J. Michalczyk
Only if you prove to be an "unfit" or bad parent. The parent that is an adult has not more rights to the child because they are an adult and you are not.
There is not one. The child could be just born if the parent wanted them to be
Parents do not "emancipate" a child. A child is emancipated by attaining the age of majority (as defined by each State) or becoming self-supporting.
Do you mean to ask if the child is a US citizen? Depends on how long the US citizen parent has been resident in the US. Need five years after age 14 to qualify.
The difference between a biological parent and an adoptive parent is that the biological parent is the one who is related to the child by blood and the adoptive parent is the one that raised the child.
One should be through with high school before becoming a natural parent.
Not on taxes no. The parent the child lives with has the main right to claim the child. But if that parent can't or doesn't want to then the other parent can
kill the child