Can a notary notarize a document if the signatures are not present?
No. A notary is never to notarize an unsigned document. The primary purpose of a notary public is to verify the identity of the person furnishing the signature. By notarizing an unsigned document you don't know who signed it.
Can a Pennsylvania notary Notarize an article of agreement in West Virginia for a West Virginia property?
Notaries do not notarize documents. They notarize signatures, and they are only permitted in the state by which they are licensed. It does not matter what the document is. If the document is signed in Pennsylvania in the presence of a Pennsylvania notary, that notary can notarize the signature. If the document is signed in any other state, or outside of the presence of the notary, the notary cannot notarize the signature.
If a notary knowingly stamps a document without verifying signatures or named persons even present does that constitute fraud?
A notary is only required to verify the signature of the actual person signing the document for which the notarization is required. Any other names or signatures on the document does not become the notary's responsibility unless the notary is notarizing each and every signature on the document. In that particular case, then all the signatories must be present and must sign the document in the presence of the notary. Most notarized documents are designed…
Notaries don't notarize documents, they notarize signatures. A notary is simply certifying that the signature on the document is actually the signature of the person it appears to be. The notary makes no warranties or certifications about the contents of the document or what it does. A notary rarely even reads the document. Instead, he/she will look at the signor's identification, watch them sign, and then sign and stamp as notary.