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Answered 2013-10-19 02:28:41

Well, that's a question that has a short answer, and a longer explanation. The pap smear doesn't look for STDs itself, but looks for damage due to high-risk HPV infection. However, it is not uncommon for STD tests to be ordered at the same time.

The purpose of the pap smear is to identify patients who need further testing for cancerous and precancerous changes on the cervix. In the pap smear, a sample of cells is taken from the cervix and a specialist looks at the cells under a microscope (or a computer reads the result). In some cases, the health care provider may also request an test for high-risk (cancer-causing) HPV subtypes with the pap smear. Under the most recent guidelines for Cervical cancer screening, this test is done for women 30 and over, or is added on in the case of a mildly abnormal pap (i.e. an ASCUS result). This test for high-risk HPV subtypes is not meant to tell you that you do or don't have HPV, but is only meant to highlight which patients need a different test schedule based on cancer-causing HPV subtypes.

In the course of collecting a Pap smear, the health care provider can also request that the lab check for STDs. In some cases, a test for STDs such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis can be added on to the lab request and tested from the same swab. In other cases, a second swab is sent out for the infections, and a microscopic examination of the vaginal discharge can also be done to check from trichomoniasis.

In rare cases, a pap smear may show infection with trichomoniasis, but a normal pap smear can not be assumed to mean no trich infection. In even rarer cases, a pap may show signs of herpes. Herpes will only show up if there's active infection on the cervix, and a woman with a normal pap smear must not assume that she does not have herpes.

A pap smear cannot detect or rule out HIV, hepatitis, or syphilis. Blood tests are required to screen for these diseases.

In summary:

  • A normal pap smear does not tell you anything about your STD status.
  • If you would like STD testing, be sure to discuss this with your health care provider; don't assume that testing is being done.
  • A pap smear may occasionally detect trichomoniasis or herpes, but a normal pap doesn't mean you don't have these infections.
  • HPV testing during pap smears is not meant to tell you if you have now or have ever had HPV; it's only meant to detect high-risk HPV subtypes so that an appropriate screening schedule can be targeted to your needs.
  • HPV testing is not done on every pap smear. Ask your health care provider about the cervical cancer testing plan that's appropriate for your age and Pap history.

No, a pap test will not detect a STI infection. It will, though, detect PID which is caused by a STI.
No. You have to ask specifically for those tests.
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Related Questions

What is a pap smear screening for?

It's to detect cancer or stds


Can you only tell if you have an STD with a pap smear?

A pap smear looks for abnormal cells on the cervix. It is not meant to detect STDs. You can get tested for STDs without having a pap smear. Contact your health care provider, department of health, or local family planning agency for information on STD testing.


Can a pap smear detect uti?

A pap smear is a screening test for cervical cancer. It doesn't detect UTIs.


Does a pap smear detect HIV or herpes?

A pap smear does not detect HIV. A pap smear rarely detects herpes -- only when the patient is having an active outbreak on the cervix at the time of the smear. A normal pap smear does not tell a woman that she doesn't have herpes.


What are the results of a pap smear for chlamydia?

chlamydia and pap smear test about infection bacteria can be detected .


Can you detect blocked fallopian tubes through pap smear?

No, a pap smear can't detect blocked fallopian tubes.


Is pregnancy visual during pap smear?

A pap smear can't detect pregnancy.


Can a pap smear detect herpes?

A pap smear can detect herpes only if the patient is having an outbreak on the cervix at the time of the test. A pap smear can't tell you that you don't have herpes.


Can the doctor tell if you are pregnant by a pap smear?

A pap smear can't detect pregnancy. A pregnancy test is needed to detect pregnancy.


What condition is the Pap smear meant to detect?

A pap smear is a screening test for cervical cancer.


Can a doctor tell you are pregnant just by doing a pap smear?

No, a pap smear does not detect pregnancy.


Can a pap smear detect CIN?

A pap smear can detect conditions that may be CIN. Further testing is required for definitive diagnosis of CIN.


Can a pap smear detect chlamydia or gonorrhea?

A pap smear does not detect gonorrhea or chlamydia, although you can get those specific tests done at the same time. A pap looks for abnormal cells on the cervix.


What type of diseases does a pap smear test for?

can detect cervical cancer, precancerous changes, inflammation (vaginitis), infections, and some sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The Pap test can occasionally detect endometrial (uterine) cancer or ovarian cancer


What can you detect with a pop smear?

A pap smear is a screening test for cervical cancer.


Can a pap smear detect a bacterial infection?

A Pap smear is meant to find changes in the cells of the cervix that could indicate cancer or a pre-cancerous condition. Occasionally, the pap smear will also indicate that there's an imbalance in the normal bacteria of the vagina, but it is not done for that purpose. A pap smear itself can't test for bacterial STDs in the vagina. If you want to know if you have chlamydia or gonorrhea, ask for those tests by name.


Can fibroids be detected through pap smear?

A pap smear can't detect fibroids. Fibroids may be detected via the bimanual exam after the pap.


Can pregnancy be detected during pap smear?

A pap smear can't detect pregnancy. A pregnancy test is needed for that purpose.


A is used to detect cervical cancer?

PAP Smear


Can a pap smear detect herpes or warts?

yes


Can a Doctor see vaginal Dysplasia by doing a pap smear?

A vaginal pap smear can detect vaginal dysplasia. As your health care provider if a vaginal pap smear was done in your case.


What is a screening test in which cells are scraped from the cervix and examined to detect cervical cancer?

Pap SmearThe pap smear is the part of the pelvic exam that screens for cervical cancer.pap smear


A pap smear is used to detect the presence of abnormal cells in the?

A pap smear is used to detect the presence of abnormal cells in the cervix, most often. Vaginal and anal pap smears are also used.


Can hpv lay dormant in the body were a pap smear wont detect?

Yes, HPV can be dormant and undetected by a pap smear. A pap smear looks for damage to the cervix caused by HPV. It does not look for all subtypes of HPV or detect HPV infection.


What is a pap test used to detect?

A pap smear is a screening test for cervical cancer.