Did private Ryan die in the movie?
No, he lives to be the old man at the beginning of the movie.
Private Ryan in Saving Private Ryan never existed as he was portrayed in the movie. His story, however, was based on an actual event that happened to a member of Easy Company from the 506th regiment of the 101st Airborne. (This is the same company featured in the book and mini series Band of Brothers) Private Ryan (in the film) is from Iowa. Private Niland was from Tonawanda, New York.
The beginning of the movie depicts the landing of the 29th Infantry Division and parts of the 2nd Ranger Battalion. The 29th Division did land on Omaha Beach. However, in the movie, Private James Francis Ryan was the paratrooper who Captain Miller was sent to locate and return safely home. Technically, Private Ryan landed with the 101st Airborne Division and landed near the town of Neuville.