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Evaporation and Condensation

Does salt effect water evaporation?

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October 30, 2009 2:35PM

Evaporation rate depends on the temperature of the liquid, how tightly the liquid molecules bond to each other, the surface area of the liquid, and the temperature, pressure, and air movements in the surroundings into which evaporation occurs.

The warmer the liquid, the faster the evaporation rate. The stronger the molecules bond to each other, the slower the evaporation rate. The larger the exposed surface, the faster the evaporation rate. The colder the surroundings, the faster the evaporation rate. The lower the atmospheric pressure above the liquid, the faster the evaporation rate. The faster the air above the liquid moves, the faster the evaporation rate.

(DrStrong) The answer is yes, it does. Dissolved salt in water will lower the solution's vapor pressure according to Henry's Law. Evaporation rate is proportional to the difference in vapor pressure of the solution and the vapor pressure of the bulk gas phase over the water surface. I agree with the above answer as well except that the coldness of the surroundings is not a direct factor in determining the evaporation rate.