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Early child hood education exam 40576200?


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exam 40576200

1. The majority of accidents in child care settings happen

A. indoors.

B. at the beginning of a session.

C. on playground equipment.

D. when children in a group are less than three years old.

2. A child in your classroom just stuck scissors into an electrical

outlet. What should your immediate action be?

A. Grab the child and pull him away from the source.

B. Run and turn off the circuit breaker.

C. Call for medical assistance.

D. Begin mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and treat for signs

of shock

3. What should your immediate reaction be if a child burns several fingers during a

cooking activity?

A. Apply first-aid ointment to the burned area.

B. Wash the burned area with soap and water.

C. Immerse the child's fingers in cool water.

D. Quickly cover the burned area with butter.

4. Which of the following statements encourages appropriate use of playground equipment?

A. "I told you not to go down the slide head first."

B. "You can't ride your bike in the grass because you're ruining it."

C. "Jumping off the monkey bars is against the rules!"

D. "Throw the ball away from Joey so you don't accidentally hit him."

5. You believe Bobby may be a victim of physical neglect from his home environment. Upon

what facts should you base this observation?

A. Bobby is often hungry, is unclean, wears dirty clothes several times a week, and tends

to have trouble getting along with other children.

B. Bobby is unusually shy and withdrawn, appears generally unhappy, and has delayed

intellectual development.

C. Bobby has bruises on his face and arms, but has told you he falls down the stairs a lot.

He wears long shirts in warm weather to cover the bruises.

D. Bobby rarely takes part in extracurricular activities, is late to school at least three days

a week, and is often inattentive.

6. A child develops a nosebleed during outdoor play. Which action should you take?

A. Bring the child inside, have him or her lie down quietly, and apply pressure to his or

her nose.

B. Have the child rest quietly; put ice or a cold cloth on the back of the child's neck.

C. With the child in a sitting position, pinch the nostrils together for at least five minutes.

D. Call for emergency medical assistance.

7. Oven cleaners, charcoal lighter fluid, and mothballs are examples of substances that should

A. have the word "poison" on the label.

B. be kept in a locked cabinet.

C. not be available in homes where there are young children.

D. not be a cause for concern.

8. In order to function properly, children's safety seats must

A. meet local standards for manufacturing.

B. weigh 20-40 pounds.

C. include buckling children into the seat.

D. face the front of the vehicle.

9. Safety should be a concern of the teacher

A. continuously.

B. only when new children are introduced into the group.

C. near the end of the day when children are tired.

D. primarily when planning safety education programs.

10. Tony has been coming to the child care center with bruises on his arms and legs.You ask

him what happened and Tony replies that he keeps falling down the stairs. However, you

should suspect that Tony is suffering from _______ abuse.

A. emotional C. verbal.

B. sexual D. physical

11. Which of the following is the best example of negligence by a teacher or caregiver?

A. Inadequate supervision during a cooking activity

B. Yelling at a child for spilling paint on the floor

C. Providing an environment that's free of hazards

D. Putting a child in "timeout" for hitting another child

12. Your next-door neighbor brings over her three-year-old daughter who has accidentally

spilled liquid drain cleaner (lye) on her arms and legs. Treatment of chemical burns

requires immediate action.You would

A. rush the child to a doctor's office.

B. pour milk over the burned areas to neutralize the lye.

C. call the nearest Poison Control Center for instructions.

D. wash the chemical off under running water for at least ten minutes.

13. Shock generally accompanies most severe injuries. The symptoms of shock may include

all of the following except

A. rapid breathing. C. dry, flushed skin.

B. weak pulse. D. confusion.

14. To assure children's safety in a child care setting, teachers must provide continuous

A. elimination of all risks and hazards in the facility.

B. training of teachers and staff members.

C. strict rules and regulations for children.

D. awareness of children's developmental skills and anticipation of their actions.

15. Why should child care facilities provide furniture that's appropriately proportioned

for children?

A. It's less expensive to buy.

B. It's easier to care for and maintain.

C. It tends to reduce accidents and injuries.

D. It's usually more attractive to children.

16. Teachers should report their suspicions of abuse and neglect to authorities

A. only if the teachers can prove that the abuse/neglect occurred.

B. immediately, as required by law.

C. after analyzing a child's artwork for clues of abuse/neglect.

D. if the teacher feels comfortable doing so.

17. Sexual abuse includes

A. only incidences involving actual intercourse.

B. any sexual involvement between an adult and child.

C. only sexual acts to which a child didn't consent.

D. rape and incest exclusively.

18. The leading cause of death and permanent disabilities due to unintentional injury is

A. drowning. C. poisoning.

B. falls. D. automobile accidents.

19. Large pieces of outdoor equipment

A. should be firmly anchored in the ground.

B. should be made available only to older children.

C. should ideally be placed on cement or asphalt surfaces.

D. are generally unsafe for young children.

20. Threatening, belittling, or calling a child names are examples of

A. physical neglect. C. emotional neglect.

B. emotional abuse. D. physical abuse.