Economic event that is not a business transaction?

There is a plethora of "economic events" that are not (necessarily) business transactions. A supervisor taking his/her employees to lunch on his own dime is not a business transaction, but it obviously affects (and is often affected by) the economy. If what you mean by this is to list economic events that are not recorded by the bookkeeping process, then the answer might be a little more specific. Hiring of employees is not recorded on the general ledger. Promoting or giving raises to those employees would not be recorded as such on most general ledgers (although the "salaries payable" column will obviously be affected by such an economic event).