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Answered 2008-08-27 02:24:12

Subtraction of integers is essentially addition of integers except the second integer is inverted. For example: 5 + 3 = 8 is a simple addition of integers. 5 - 3 = 5 is a simple subtraction of integers. It can be expressed by inverting the second value (the one right after the subration sign) and then switching the subtraction sign to an addition sign. So it would look like: 5 + (-3) = 5. Note that (-3) is the opposite of 3. So to do a more confusing subtraction problem like: 55 - (-5), we could rewrite this as: 55 + -(-5). From here it's easy to see that the two negatives cancel out. 55 + 5 = 60.

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the whole reason is this: multiplication is adding to that number in groups and division is subtracting from a number in groups.

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