Στρατιώτης, (stra-tee-òtis), is the ancient and the modern term as well.
Spartan comes from the Greek ancient city of Sparta. It means ''fertilised land''.
go to google images and search ancient greek spartan map
Sparta is in Greece, so they were technically Greek males as well as Spartan males- they are the same!
Spartan women - or rather: Spartan adolescent women - participated on an equal footing with Spartan boys in the so-called Gymnopaedia, a festifal where they displayed athletic as well as martial arts, and dancing. Ancient Greek sports were running, swimming, the long jump, discus and javelin throwing.
There is no letter A in the Greek language or the ancient Greek language.
Ἔρως (éros) is the ancient Greek term for love.
That ancient Greek was Archimedes.