How is cotton made?

  1. Cotton is from the cotton plant (gossypium). The cotton fibre grows around the seed pod of the plant, and the colour of the soft fibre varies from white to a greyish yellow.
  2. When the cotton boll is ready for harvesting, the cotton boll is picked.
  3. When cotton bolls are harvested, the seeds are removed and used for cooking oils. The raw cotton is ready for making textiles.
  4. The cotton boll contains about 30 seeds, together with cotton fibres attached. The raw cotton fibres have to be separated from the seed by a process called ginning.
  5. At the spinning mill, the cotton fibres are sorted, spun and twisted into yarn.
  6. Cotton cloth can be woven or knitted by machine. It is mostly used to make cotton fabric used for clothes, socks, underwear, etc. It is a light and breathable fabric, making it ideal for bed linen also.

Cotton is produced in 80 countries around the world.
The plant grows in dry semi-humid conditions.