How is cotton made?
- Cotton is from the cotton plant (gossypium). The cotton fibre grows around the seed pod of the plant, and the colour of the soft fibre varies from white to a greyish yellow.
- When the cotton boll is ready for harvesting, the cotton boll is picked.
- When cotton bolls are harvested, the seeds are removed and used for cooking oils. The raw cotton is ready for making textiles.
- The cotton boll contains about 30 seeds, together with cotton fibres attached. The raw cotton fibres have to be separated from the seed by a process called ginning.
- At the spinning mill, the cotton fibres are sorted, spun and twisted into yarn.
- Cotton cloth can be woven or knitted by machine. It is mostly
used to make cotton fabric used for clothes, socks, underwear, etc.
It is a light and breathable fabric, making it ideal for bed linen
Cotton is produced in 80 countries around the world.
The plant grows in dry semi-humid conditions.