'La Tour Eiffel' is a French equivalent of 'the Eiffel Tower'. The feminine singular definite article 'la' means 'the'. The feminine noun 'tour' means 'tower'. The complete name', 'la Tour Eiffel', is pronounced 'lah too-reh-fehl'. La Tour Eiffel (named from Mr. Eiffel)
The French engineer Gustav Eiffel was the designer and the project engineer of the Eiffel Tower. He used a work force of 250 men to construct the Eiffel Tower, which was constructed out of 18.000 different parts and building blocks.
When it was being built there was an outrage from some French artists and writers, who asked for the tower to be destroyed. Nowadays it is part of the French identity and people are used to see it. Nobody is forced to like the Eiffel tower, but most French do.