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there are a few basic tests to identify a material. hardness, color, lustor, crystal form, cleavage, and streak. I believe this is all of them, but it has been several years. They are classified by the same tests that identify them. For example, diamond is classified as a 10 hardness material (the only 10 hardness material) Glass is 7 hardness.

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12y ago
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Q: How mineralogist identify and classify materials?
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