(LIFE SAFETY WARNING! [disclaimer]
Electricity is dangerous!
You can be injured or killed!
Improper installations can cause fire, injury and death!
Should you be doing this yourself?)
This is one of those questions - if you know this little, you shouldn't be doing what you are planning...
No disrespect intended, but this is SO basic that it suggests you have not studied the subject at all!
There are many good reference books and course books to study from.
According to the NEC, you can utilize any conductor with suitable insulation for any application for which the conductor is rated for the use.
The limitation to the gauge size of conductor is that it be AT LEAST as large as that called for in the conductor tables, based on current, ambient temperature and conductor grouping!
ALWAYS CHECK WITH YOUR LOCAL WIRING SAFETY OFFICE BEFORE YOU ATTEMPT TO CHANGE ANYTHING ON POWER MAINS OUTLETS
IF YOU ARE NOT ALREADY SURE YOU CAN DO THIS JOB
SAFELY AND COMPETENTLY
REFER THIS WORK TO QUALIFIED PROFESSIONALS.
If you do this work yourself, always turn off the power
at the breaker box/fuse panel BEFORE you attempt to do any work
always use an electricians test meter having metal-tipped probes
(not a simple proximity voltage indicator)
to insure the circuit is, in fact, de-energized.
If you have an electrical outlet not working and you have an idea what you are doing, you set out to repair it. First, you check the circuit breaker for a thrown circuit breaker. If that is not the case, you get a volt meter. When you have a volt meter, you throw the circuit breaker to that outlet. Then you take a screwdriver and you remove the outlet but keep the wires attached. You make sure the wires are not touching anything. You go back to the circuit breaker panel. You turn on the electricity. Then you test the wires with your voltmeter. If it shows they have electricity, you know the problem is the outlet. If not, you have a different problem. You go back to the panel and turn off the circuit breaker. You put the outlet back in. If the problem was the outlet you buy a new outlet. In the United States, a number of hardware and electrical supply stores sell them. You go back. You turn off the circuit breaker. You remove the outlet from the wall. You notice where the wires are. The new outlet also comes with an explanation of how to attach the wires. You attach them and put the outlet back in the wall. If the problem was not the outlet, you call an electrician. While an electrician will cost money, a burned down house will cost more money.
If you are asking why one outlet in a circuit doesn't work while others do in the same circuit then it is likely a wiring problem. Sometimes a wire nut comes loose and wires do not make contact. Often there is a GFCI circuit breaker outlet in a kitchen or bathroom may control multiple outlets. Make sure a GFCI outlet isn't tripped. A GFCI will have two buttons - TEST and RESET. Look for such an outlet nearby and press reset.
Assume a single breaker controlling a number of outlets. The black wire is HOT, the white wire is Neutral and the green or bare wire is Ground. The wires and outlets should match the rating of the breaker in Amps. Typically 15 A for 14 Gauge wire. (I prefer 20A outlets and 12 gauge wire). You must calculate the expected load at each outlet. The electric code may be different in each locale, but 8 to 10 outlets on a circuit might be typical for general usage. That is over an amp per outlet. If you had a situation where you knew you would be plugging in a high amp device liek an electric heater you might only have 1 outlet on circuit. You wire the outlets in a circuit in parallel and make certain each is wired identically. The Black wire should always be on the copper colored screw and the white on silver screw and the ground on the green screw. For a couple of bucks you can buy an outlet tester. It is usually yellow with a three prong plug and lights that tell you if an outlet is wired correctly with power turned on. The lights identify problems based on which lights are lit.
In North America (Canada, United States, Mexico) a household 110V-120V outlet has three wires: hot, neutral and earth ground. If the outlet is mounted in a grounded metal box, the third wire (earth ground) may not be present, since the connection to ground occurs through the metal outlet housing and possibly metallic conduit that routes the wires from the circuit breaker panel to the outlet. Where metallic conduit isn't used, the earth ground wire may be connected to the metal box, and the earth ground pin of the outlet is connected by securing to the box with screws.
Continue black, white and bare wires from outlet to switch box. Run light black, white and bare wires from light to switch box. Connect wire from light to one attachment on switch and black from outlet onto other switch attachment. Connect white wires together with a wirenut. Connect bare wires together with a wirenut and include a third piece of bare wire to this same wirenut. Connect the other end of this third bare wire to green screw on switch. Make sure all wires are 14 AWG if you have a 15A circuit and 12 AWG if a 20A circuit.
Cause you blew the fuse, The switch may not be off but there is a break somewhere in you circuit and will not work. If your circuit isn't working and all the switches are closed (on) You probably have a series circuit. meaning one wire is connecting all your electric currents and keeping it flowing. But if you had a parallel circuit you would have lights, so if your still wondering why your lights aren't on? you probably need to by new wires/circuits or just replace the whole thing.
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