No, it is not resistant.
It can be pulled toward influential points.
There are two regression lines if there are two variables - one line for the regression of the first variable on the second and another line for the regression of the second variable on the first. If there are n variables you can have n*(n-1) regression lines. With the least squares method, the first of two line focuses on the vertical distance between the points and the regression line whereas the second focuses on the horizontal distances.
Regression techniques are used to find the best relationship between two or more variables. Here, best is defined according to some statistical criteria. The regression line is the straight line or curve based on this relationship. The relationship need not be a straight line - it could be a curve. For example, the regression between many common variables in physics will follow the "inverse square law".
The equation of the regression line is calculated so as to minimise the sum of the squares of the vertical distances between the observations and the line. The regression line represents the relationship between the variables if (and only if) that relationship is linear. The equation of this line ensures that the overall discrepancy between the actual observations and the predictions from the regression are minimised and, in that respect, the line is the best that can be fitted to the data set. Other criteria for measuring the overall discrepancy will result in different lines of best fit.
A correlation coefficient is a value between -1 and 1 that shows how close of a good fit the regression line is. For example a regular line has a correlation coefficient of 1. A regression is a best fit and therefore has a correlation coefficient close to one. the closer to one the more accurate the line is to a non regression line.
If the regression sum of squares is the explained sum of squares. That is, the sum of squares generated by the regression line. Then you would want the regression sum of squares to be as big as possible since, then the regression line would explain the dispersion of the data well. Alternatively, use the R^2 ratio, which is the ratio of the explained sum of squares to the total sum of squares. (which ranges from 0 to 1) and hence a large number (0.9) would be preferred to (0.2).
Whenever you are given a series of data points, you make a linear regression by estimating a line that comes as close to running through the points as possible. To maximize the accuracy of this line, it is constructed as a Least Square Regression Line (LSRL for short). The regression is the difference between the actual y value of a data point and the y value predicted by your line, and the LSRL minimizes the sum of all the squares of your regression on the line. A Correlation is a number between -1 and 1 that indicates how well a straight line represents a series of points. A value greater than one means it shows a positive slope; a value less than one, a negative slope. The farther away the correlation is from 0, the less accurately a straight line describes the data.
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