I Should not include personal matter in resume
There are many pieces of information you should include in your resume. You should include your background and schooling for example.
People should include prior work history and references in their resume. Contact information and education should also be included in the resume.
A resume for a fresh graduate should include all work, experience, and volunteer information. Do not include reference information on a resume.
It is not required.
No you shouldn't.
Yes, you should.
There are tons of websites that teach you how to write a killer resume. For example, http://www.free-resume-tips.com/10tips.html Many include examples and have a lot of advice on how to arrange a resume and what to include.
Technically, no. You can list it as John "Jack" Doe if you prefer to be called Jack. However, if your nickname is not appropriate for a business setting you should not make reference to it. Don't put it as John "Fatso" Doe. I assure you prospective employers are not amused by such names.
It introduces you and your resume to a job.
Yes, always include a copy of your resume with a follow up letter.
The heading of a resume is important because it tells the employer who you are and how to be contacted. It should be centered and include your name highlighted, phone numbers, email address and home address.