The space race refers to what?
It refers to America and what is now Russia who engaged in a race to put a man in space first.
The space race is important because it shows the competitive nature between humans. it is a race between russia and america to reach (get a man on) the moon. the race was stared when russia launched a satellite called sputnik in 1957, the americans thought this could destroy them (by launching missiles from space) and the race for space started.