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The European powers were devastated by WW II and it took years to rebuild their economies and infrastructure (with the help of the US). They were in no condition to control a colonial empire. In addition, the European colonies had also been affected by the war and no longer believed the mythology about the superiority and advantages of European culture and civilization, which had brough the world to such disaster. WW II was very educational, and the colonies were not about to just go back to the way things used to be.

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Q: What caused European powers to give up their colonies after World War 2?
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