The U.S. import and export ratio is a ratio of those respective values in relation to the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) value. When the import value exceeds the export value, a trade deficit exists. When the export value exceeds the import value, a trade surplus exists. Currently, the U.S. has sizable trade deficits with China and Japan.
Ministry of finance issues import or export license. In order to export or import you will have to establish your company, register it with CBR, get an NTN number, open a corporate bank account with listed banks, get LC (letter of credit) from that bank and then you can proceed with your import or export business.