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The shape of this sound is a sine wave, and that is what physicists call it. Musicians tend to call it the fundamental.
There is a limitation od Doppler's effect in sound. Doppler's effect is applicable provided if the relative velocity of the source and the listener is less than the velocity of sound.
Yes. The first overtone is one octave above the first note, The next overtone is a fifth above that. The volume of each overtone creates the timbre of the sound. Is it a flute that has evenly decreasing sound overtones or is it an oboe with different volumes of overtones?
The sound quality of musical instruments results from blending a fundamental tone with its overtones :) +++ The type, shape and materials of the instrument control the basic waveform and the overtones hence timbre (the individual sound).
A sound that's produced by a single wave at a constant frequency and with no overtones is a pure tone or a sinusoidial wave.
Timbre of the sound. It is related to the frequency of the fundamental frequency and a combination of overtones.
The Overtones was created in 2010.
They are known as Overtones. If they are beyond the range of human hearing, they are called ultrasound, or ultrasonic waves.
An overtone is a natural resonance or vibration frequency of a system. Systems described by overtones are often sound systems, for example, blown pipes or plucked strings. If such a system is excited, a number of sound frequencies may be produced, including a fundamental tone of given frequency. An integer multiple of the fundamental frequency is called a harmonic. The second overtone is not the second harmonic. (See related link "Calculations of Harmonics and Overtones from Fundamental Frequency")