What factors influences resistance to blood flow in the arteries?
resistance occurs as the blood flows away from heart through the vessels in the peripheral systemic circulation a term known as peripheral resistance. Viscosity of the blood (thickness) ,vessel length (distance) and vessel diameter (blood vessel radius) are three factors
There isnt exactly specific arterioles because every conduction system of Arteries flow from Elastic arteries -> muscular arteries -> arterioles. Arterioles are the smallest of the arteries and produce the greatest vascular resistance of blood. The blood then passes onto capillaries for gas/waste/nutrient exchange.