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The contents of the decomposing body (such as nitrogen) sink into the soil, and add to the life cycle. Plants flourish in such environments because of their need for nitrogen.

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Q: What happens to the soil when the dead bodies ofdead animals decompose?
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What is the understanding of non-vegetarianism in Islam?

'Vegetarianism' is now a movement the world over. Many even associate it withanimal rights. Indeed, a large number of people consider the consumption ofmeat and other non-vegetarian products to be a violation of animal rights.Islam enjoins mercy and compassion for all living creatures. At the same timeIslam maintains that Allah has created the earth and its wondrous flora andfauna for the benefit of mankind. It is upto mankind to use every resource in thisworld judiciously, as a niyamat (Divine blessing) and amanat (trust) from Allah.Let us look at various other aspects of this argument.1. A Muslim can be a pure vegetarianA Muslim can be a very good Muslim despite being a pure vegetarian. It is notcompulsory for a Muslim to have non-vegetarian food.2. Qur'an permits Muslims to have non-vegetarian foodThe Qur'an, however permits a Muslim to have non-vegetarian food. Thefollowing Qur'anic verses are proof of this fact:"O ye who believe! Fulfil (all) obligations. Lawful unto you (for food) areall four-footed animals with the exceptions named."[Al-Qur'an 5:1]"And cattle He has created for you (men): from them Ye derive warmth,and numerous benefits, And of their (meat) ye eat."[Al-Qur'an 16:5]"And in cattle (too) ye have an instructive example: From within theirbodies We produce (milk) for you to drink; there are, in them, (besides),numerous (other) benefits for you; and of their (meat) ye eat."[Al-Qur'an 23:21]3. Meat is nutritious and rich in complete proteinNon-vegetarian food is a good source of excellent protein. It containsbiologically complete protein i.e. all the 8 essential amino acid that are notsynthesized by the body and should be supplied in the diet. Meat also containsiron, vitamin B1 and niacin.4. Humans have Omnivorous set of teethIf you observe the teeth of herbivorous animals like the cow, goat and sheep,you will find something strikingly similar in all of them. All these animals havea set of flat teeth i.e. suited for herbivorous diet. If you observe the set of teethof the carnivorous animals like the lion, tiger, or leopard, they all have a set ofpointed teeth i.e. suited for a carnivorous diet. If you analyze the set of teeth ofhumans, you find that they have flat teeth as well as pointed teeth. Thus theyhave teeth suited for both herbivorous as well as carnivorous food i.e. they areomnivorous. One may ask, if Almighty God wanted humans to have onlyvegetables, why did He provide us also with pointed teeth? It is logical that Heexpected us to need and to have both vegetarian as well as non-vegetarianfood.5. Human beings can digest both vege-tarian and non-vegetarian foodThe digestive system of herbivorous animals can digest only vegetables. Thedigestive system of carnivorous animals can digest only meat. But the digestivesystem of humans can digest both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food. IfAlmighty God wanted us to have only vegetables then why did He give us adigestive system that can digest both vegetarian as well as non-vegetarianfood?6. Hindu scriptures give permission to have non-vegetarian fooda. There are many Hindus who are strictly vegetarian. They think it is againsttheir religion to consume non-vegetarian food. But the true fact is that theHindu scriptures permit a person to have meat. The scriptures mentionHindu sages and saints consuming non-vegetarian food.b. It is mentioned in Manu Smruti, the law book of Hindus, in chapter 5 verse 30"The eater who eats the flesh of those to be eaten does nothing bad,even if he does it day after day, for God himself created some to be eatenand some to be eater."c. Again next verse of Manu Smruti, that is, chapter 5 verse 31 says"Eating meat is right for the sacrifice, this is traditionally known as a rule ofthe gods."d. Further in Manu Smruti chapter 5 verse 39 and 40 says"God himself created sacrificial animals for sacrifice, ... , therefore killing ina sacrifice is not killing."e. Mahabharata Anushashan Parva chapter 88 narrates the discussionbetween Dharmaraj Yudhishthira and Pitamah Bhishma about what foodone should offer to Pitris (ancestors) during the Shraddha (ceremony ofdead) to keep them satisfied. Paragraph reads as follows:"Yudhishthira said, "O thou of great puissance, tell me what that object iswhich, if dedicated to the Pitiris (dead ancestors), become inexhaustible!What Havi, again, (if offered) lasts for all time? What, indeed, is that which(if presented) becomes eternal?""Bhishma said, "Listen to me, O Yudhishthira, what those Havis are whichpersons conversant with the rituals of the Shraddha (the ceremony of dead)regard as suitable in view of Shraddha and what the fruits are that attach toeach. With sesame seeds and rice and barely and Masha and water androots and fruits, if given at Shraddhas, the pitris, O king, remain gratified forthe period of a month. With fishes offered at Shraddhas, the pitris remaingratified for a period of two months. With the mutton they remain gratifiedfor three months and with the hare for four months, with the flesh of thegoat for five months, with the bacon (meat of pig) for six months, and withthe flesh of birds for seven. With venison obtained from those deer thatare called Prishata, they remaingratified for eight months, and with thatobtained from the Ruru for nine months, and with the meat of Gavaya forten months, With the meat of the bufffalo their gratification lasts for elevenmonths. With beef presented at the Shraddha, their gratification, it is said ,lasts for a full year. Payasa mixed with ghee is as much acceptable to thepitris as beef. With the meat of Vadhrinasa (a large bull) the gratificationof pitris lasts for twelve years. the flesh of rhinoceros, offered to the pitrison anniversaries of the lunar days on which they died, becomesinexhaustible. The potherb called Kalaska, the petals of kanchana flower,and meat of (red) goat also, thus offered, prove inexhaustible.So but natural if you want to keep your ancestors satisfied forever, youshould serve them the meat of red goat.7. Hinduism was influenced by other religionsThough Hindu Scriptures permit its followers to have non-vegetarian food, manyHindus adopted the vegetarian system because they were influenced by otherreligions like Jainism.8. Even plants have lifeCertain religions have adopted pure vegetarianism as a dietary law becausethey are totally against the killing of living creatures. If a person can survivewithout killing any living creature, I would be the first person to adopt such a wayof life. In the past people thought plants were lifeless. Today it is a universal factthat even plants have life. Thus their logic of not killing living creatures is notfulfilled even by being a pure vegetarian.9. Even plants can feel painThey further argue that plants cannot feel pain, therefore killing a plant is alesser crime as compared to killing an animal. Today science tells us that evenplants can feel pain. But the cry of the plant cannot be heard by the humanbeing. This is due to the inability of the human ear to hear sounds that are notin the audible range i.e. 20 Hertz to 20,000 Hertz. Anything below and abovethis range cannot be heard by a human being. A dog can hear up to 40,000Hertz. Thus there are silent dog whistles that have a frequency of more than20,000 Hertz and less than 40,000 Hertz. These whistles are only heard bydogs and not by human beings. The dog recognizes the masters whistle andcomes to the master. There was research done by a farmer in U.S.A. whoinvented an instrument which converted the cry of the plant so that it could beheard by human beings. He was able to realize immediately when the plantitself cried for water. Latest researches show that the plants can even feel happyand sad. It can also cry.10. Killing a living creature with two senses less is not a lesser crimeOnce a vegetarian argued his case by saying that plants only have two or threesenses while the animals have five senses. Therefore killing a plant is a lessercrime than killing an animal. Suppose your brother is born deaf and dumb andhas two senses less as compared to other human beings. He becomes matureand someone murders him. Would you ask the judge to give the murderer alesser punishment because your brother has two senses less? In fact you wouldsay that he has killed a masoom, an innocent person, and the judge should givethe murderer a greater punishment.In fact the Qur'an says:"O ye people! Eat of what is on earth, lawful and good"[Al-Qur'an 2:168]11. Over population of cattleIf every human being was a vegetarian, it would lead to overpopulation of cattlein the world, since their reproduction and multiplication is very swift. Allah (swt)in His Divine Wisdom knows how to maintain the balance of His creationappropriately. No wonder He has permitted us to have the meat of the cattle.12. Cost of meat is reasonable since all aren't non-vegetariansI do not mind if some people are pure vegetarians. However they should notcondemn non-vegetarians as ruthless. In fact if all Indians become nonvegetariansthen the present non-vegetarians would be losers since the pricesof meat would rise.