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What is a joint committee's function in the US?


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A Joint Committee of the US Congress is composed of Members of Congress appointed from the US House of Representatives and the US Senate to consider topics of legislation that are of interest to both bodies. Joint committees may be permanent (standing) or special (select), depending upon whether their charter extends across sessions of the chamber or, in the latter case, is of a limited scope and duration. Select committees are given jurisdiction over matters that are beyond the scope of the standing committees.

A Conference Committee is a special, joint committee that is formed to amend legislation that has been passed in one form in the House and another form in the Senate so that it will can emerge in a form that will be acceptable to both chambers of the Congress.