What is a subjunctive?

Updated: 10/21/2022
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The subjunctive is one of three moods in which verbs are conjugated (the others being indicative and imperative). It is used when expressing hope, fear, uncertainty, necessity, doubt, and other similar states. It is falling out of use in colloquial speech, though still used in formal circumstances.


'He is sitting on that chair' (indicative).

'Sit on that chair!' (imperative).

'I insist that he sit on that chair' (subjunctive).

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Q: What is a subjunctive?
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Related questions

What is categorized as a Spanish subjunctive?

Words that are in the present tense are categorized as a Spanish subjunctive. Any word which is stated in the present is considered a Spanish subjunctive.

Is you are Hungry a subjunctive?

Yes, "you are hungry" is not in the subjunctive mood as it states a fact or condition that is real or true. Subjunctive mood is used to express a hypothetical or unreal situation.

Why do we say 'If I were you' and not 'If I was you'?

Because it's in the subjunctive tense. The subjunctive does not change according to person (I, you, he, etc).

What does the subjunctive in Latin mean?

It is equivalent to the french subjunctive. You use it after ut and ne or to express an obligation

Which sentence is in the subjunctive mood?

The subjunctive mood is for expressing wishes, suggestions, or desires, and is usually indicated by a verb such as wish or suggest, paired then with a subjunctive verb

Does apres que take subjunctive in french?

Yes, aprés que takes the subjunctive since it suggests subjectivity. Afin que, alors que and avant que are also used in the subjunctive.

Which sentence has a verb that is in the subjunctive mood?

"If I were rich, I would travel the world." In this sentence, "were" is in the subjunctive mood as it expresses a hypothetical situation.

What is the meaning of subjunctive?

The subjunctive is a verb mood used to express desires, doubts, hopes, or hypothetical situations. It is often used to convey uncertainty or subjunctive mood express an action that hasn't happened yet.

Would If I were an earthworm I wouldn't have to think be an example of subjunctive mood?

Yes, "If I were an earthworm, I wouldn't have to think" is an example of the subjunctive mood. The subjunctive mood is used to express hypothetical or unreal situations. In this sentence, the speaker is imagining being an earthworm and the consequences of not having to think.

Is 'autant que' meaning 'as much as' a subjunctive in french?

Yes, the conjunction autant que can mean "as much as" ("as far as") and may be followed by the subjunctive. The choice of the dependent verb as in the indicative or subjunctive depends upon the verb in question (savoir ["to know"] historically will be always in the subjunctive) and the type of certainty/uncertainty regarding the accuracy, predictability or reliability of the answer.

When is the subjunctive used?

The subjunctive mood is used to express wishes, recommendations, doubts, or hypothetical situations. It is typically used to talk about something that is not necessarily real or certain, such as desires, possibilities, or uncertainties. In English, the subjunctive is most commonly seen in certain phrases, such as "If I were you," or in formal language where a sense of uncertainty or doubt is implied.

Is if i was you a correct grammatical sentence?

The verb should be in the subjunctive mood: "If I were you." However, use of the subjunctive is waning fast, and even careful speakers will occasionally get this wrong.