What is an object person or animal that represents something beyond itself?
A metaphor is an object, person, or animal that represents something beyond itself
What data is organized and presented in a manner that has additional value beyond the value of the data itself?
It doesn't. The Tasmanian Tiger, more correctly known as the Thylacine, is believed to be extinct. This animal was unable to protect itself against humans, who literally hunted it to extinction. However, the Thylacine was the largest carnivorous marsupial, and at the top of the food chain. With no natural predators, it did not need protection beyond the strong, powerful jaws it had.