What is diphtheria?
Diphtheria is a contagious bacteria that can lead to sore
throat, low-grade fever, muscle weakness, loss of appetite,
enlarged lymph nodes on your neck, a grayish membrane may form over
the bridge of your nose, throat and tonsils may block your airway
causing it to be difficult to swallow. It is transmitted by person
to person though close contact with the discharge from an infected
person's eyes, nose, throat or skin. Diphtheria demands immediate
attention- any delay may lead to death. The infected person should
be hospitalized, isolated and treated with antibiotics such as
penicillin. Diphtheria is also known as Corynebacterium
Diptheria is an upper respiratory tract illness. Symptoms of the disease are low fever, sore throat, swollen neck, and swelling of the tonsils, pharynx, and nasal cavity. The disease is spread through physical contact and breathing the air-borne secretions of the infected. The disease has been largely wiped out through vaccinations.
Diphtheria means "leather" because of the leathery membrane that forms on the tonsils. The general abbreviation is "DIP" or "diph". There are a multitude of combined vaccines for diphtheria and other contagious diseases where diphtheria is acknowledged by a "D". DPT: Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus vaccine DIPR: Diphtheria Toxin Resistant