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What is mumps?

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โˆ™ 2014-05-06 19:38:26

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Mumps or epidemic parotitis is a viral disease of humans. It can be transmitted via respiratory route (respiratory droplets as coughing or sneezing). It was a common childhood disease worldwide before the mumps vaccine, and it is still a significant threat to health in the third world.

Painful swelling of the salivary glands (classically the parotid gland) and fever is the most typical presentation. Painful testicular swelling and rash may also occur. While symptoms are generally not severe in children, the symptoms in teenagers and adults can be more severe and complications such as infertility or subfertility are relatively common, although still rare in absolute terms. The disease is generally self-limited, running its course before waning, with no specific treatment apart from controlling the symptoms with painkillers.

The mumps are caused by a paramyxovirus, and are spread from person to person by saliva droplets or direct contact with articles that have been contaminated with infected saliva. The parotid glands (the salivary glands between the ear and the jaw) are usually involved. Unvaccinated children between the ages of 2 and 12 are most commonly infected, but the infection can occur in other age groups. Orchitis (swelling of the testes) occurs in 10-20% of infected males, but sterility only rarely ensues; a viral meningitis occurs in about 5% of those infected. In older people, the central nervous system, the pancreas, the prostate, the breasts, and other organs may be involved.

The incubation period is usually 18 to 21 days, but may range from as few as 12 to as many as 35 days. Mumps is generally a mild illness in children in developed countries. After adolescence, mumps tends to affect the ovary, causing oophoritis, and the testes, causing orchitis. The mature testis is particularly susceptible to damage from mumps which can lead to infertility. Adults infected with mumps are more likely to develop severe symptoms and complications.

The more common symptoms of mumps are:

  • Swelling of the parotid gland (or parotitis) in more than 90% of patients on one side (unilateral) or both sides (bilateral), and pain behind the lower jaw when chewing.
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Orchitis, referring to painful inflammation of the testicle. Males past puberty who develop mumps have a 30 percent risk of this.

Other symptoms of mumps can include, sore face and/or ears and occasionally in more serious cases, loss of voice.

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โˆ™ 2014-05-06 19:38:26
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Related questions

What are the symptons of Mumps?

you get mumps you get mumps


Mumps is cause by what microorganism?

Mumps is caused by the Mumps Virus.


What is the virus that causes mumps?

Mumps is caused by Mumps virus (MuV).


cause of mumps?

The mumps are caused by a virus called the paramyxovirus.


Are mumps caused by viruses?

The disease know as mumps is caused by the mumps virus.


How do you pronounce mumps?

you pronounce the word mumps as : mumps, just as it's spelled.


Is mumps an std?

Mumps is not a STD.


When was mumps discovered?

Mumps was discovered in 1934 by Ernest William Goodpasture.when the mumps discovers?


How is mumps caused?

mumps is caused by a virus :(


What are mumps caused by?

Mumps are caused by a virus.


Is mumps a virus or bacteria?

mumps is a virus


What people get mumps?

all people can get the mumps


What is the classification of mumps?

The classification of mumps is bacteria.


Does mumps have a vaccine?

Yes, there is a vaccine for the mumps.


How does Mumps kill?

the mumps could kill you


Is mumps contagious?

Yes, it is.


Do you capitalize mumps?

No, mumps does not need to be capitalized.


Are men the only ones who can get mumps?

No. Mumps affects your salivary gland. They are present in both the sexes. Mumps has nothing to do with your sex.


How was mumps first used?

Mumps wasn't used as anything. Mumps is a disease, and was at first very lethal.


How do you catch mumps?

Exposure to someone else who has mumps.


What pathogen causes mumps?

Paramyxoviridaeis the pathogen of mumps


Can mumps virus kill you?

UNFOTUNATELY-Mumps can kill you


Is mumps fatal if you catch it twice?

No. There is a medication for mumps.


Is mumps a microbe?

Mumps is a disease caused by a microbe.


Is Mumps caused by Microbes?

Mumps is caused by a virus.