What is pollination?

The transfer of pollen from a stamen to a pistil; fertilization in flowering plants. It takes place through self-pollination or cross-pollination. Please note that this answer refers specifically to the pollination of angiosperms and gymnosperms.


Please see the related link below.


The process in which the pollen from the anther of the male flower of a plant comes into contact with the ovary of a female flower from another plant, resulting in pollination.

Some methods/agents of cross-pollination are:

  1. Humans (cultivation)
  2. Insects (known as entomophily)
  3. Wind (known as anemophily)
  4. Animals (birds, bats)

Insects were separated from animals, because of the difference in pollination method.

Cross-pollination only occurs between species of closely related plants; for example, between different varieties of apple. Cross-pollination does not occur between unrelated plant genera, such as between an apple and an orange.

For further elaboration on the methods of cross-pollination, see the related links section. Pollination is the transfer of the pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of a plant.