What is the Pendelton Civil Service Act?
The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883 was a law mandating that government jobs be merit based. This act prevented hiring and firing based only politics and campaign donations.
That some government jobs be filled on the basis of competitive exams The Pendleton Civil Service Act required that people wanting government jobs had to pass certain tests. These tests were called Civil Service Exams. The Pendleton Civil Service Act also made it illegal to fire someone for openly stating their political opinions.
The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883 stipulated that civil service would from there on in be based on merit rather than political appointment. Previously, people were given civil service jobs as political favors. The act established the selection of candidates through competitive written exams.