What is the back of the brain?

The brain is divided into different parts. The larger front portion is the cerebrum and is divided into different hemispheres. The smaller back portion is called the cerebellum, which actually means 'little brain' in Latin.

The cerebrum is involved in higher thinking, emotions and personality. This is the part of the brain that is much larger in humans compared with most animals. The back part of the brain or cerebellum, however, is in charge of monitoring what the cerebrum tells the body to do. It will correct what actions are actually carried out.

In the back of your brain you also have a brainstem. This is the portion between the brain and spinal cord. The brainstem controls many vital functions. It controls your heart rate, breathing and stores certain reflexes.